Managing a Magnificent Mountain landscape
Managing a Magnificent Mountain landscape – can traditional and local knowledge of Sami reindeer herders and Swedish summer farmers contribute to sustainable conservation management? Doctoral candidate Weronika Axelsson Linkowski study the local and traditional knowledge of summer farmers and Sami reindeer herders in order to understand the social and cultural factors important to mountain biodiversity.
The Swedish Magnificent Mountain landscape is a cultural landscape. In order for the mountains to remain to be grazed there have to be farmers and Sami reindeer herders having animals grazing the mountains and the winter grazing land in forest areas below the mountains (for references see Axelsson Linkowski 2010; 2012). The conditions for Swedish Sami reindeer herders and summer farmers are today changing at a very high rate. In case of the Sami reindeer herders they have lost access to their traditional grazing lands, due to increased forestry, mining and (wind and hydro) power activities. The increasing number of carnivores in Sweden is also a threat. The summer farmers are also to a large extent pressured by forestry, but recently the increasing numbers of carnivores is a larger threat.
In my thesis I will study the local and traditional knowledge of summer farmers and Sami reindeer herders by using semi structured interviews in order to understand the social/cultural factors important to mountain biodiversity and investigate the conditions and options for Sami reindeer herders and summer farmers to continue to utilize the mountains in the traditional way, which is the way mountain biodiversity is dependent on.
Prof. Lars Östlund, Skogens ekologi och skötsel, SLU, Umeå
Prof. Jon Moen, Institutionen för ekologi, miljö och geovetenskap, Umeå universitet
PhD Anna Westin, Centrum för biologisk mångfald, SLU och Uppsala universitet
Weronika Axelsson Linkowski, Doktorand