Our research focuses on decomposer organisms, primarily fungi, and is driven by a demand to increase understanding of organic matter turnover in ecosystems.
Respiration measurements of decomposing pine needles colonized by Mycena epipterygia (photo by Johanna Boberg).
The rate limiting factor for degradation of organic macromolecules is the activity of extracellular enzymes, produced by micro-organisms. In order to understand how the production of degrading enzymes is regulated by abiotic and biotic factors in the environment, we need a better knowledge on the identity, genetics and basic eco-physiology of the microorganisms that produce enzymes.
With the ultimate aim to better understand factors regulating carbon sequestration, nutrient circulation and ecosystem production, we study how microorganisms interact with wood, litter components, crop residues and soil organic matter. Genome sequencing and expression analyses reveal mechanisms behind polymer degradation in different substrates. The unique capacity of fungi to transport resources in their mycelia has important implications for decomposition. In boreal and arctic ecosystems, we investigate the potential of ectomycorrhizal fungi to transport carbohydrates from living roots to power degradation of recalcitrant organic matter in soils. Another line of research focuses on degradation of crop residues in relation to crop protection and sustainable food production in developing countries.
Decomposition processes are investigated in laboratory microcosms as well as directly in the field. Our methods include tracer isotopes (13C and 15N), 14C dating, enzyme assays and molecular community analyses by 454-sequencing and qPCR, as well as genome and gene expression analyses.
Competition between the mycorrhizal and saprotrophic fungal communities of boreal forest soils - Erica Sterkenburg, Karina Clemmensen, Roger Finlay & Björn Lindahl
Decomposition of fungal mycelium in boreal forest soil - Petra Fransson, Björn Lindahl, Shahid Mahmood & Roger Finlay
Factors behind soil quality in coniferous forests - Marianne Clarholm, Björn Lindahl, Anna Rosling
Functional ecology of rice straw decomposition - Do Thi Xuan, Nils Högberg, Anna Rosling, Sadhna Alström
Functioning of litter decomposing fungi in carbon and nitrogen circulation in boreal forests - Johanna Boberg, Jan Stenlid, Roger Finlay & Björn Lindahl
Fungal peroxidases involved in the degradation of recalcitrant organic matter in boreal forest ecosystems - Inga Bödeker, Karina Clemmensen, Åke Olson & Björn Lindahl
Fungal successions in a long-term boreal forest chronosequence - Karina Clemmensen, Björn Lindahl, Anders Dahlberg, Jan Stenlid & Roger Finlay
The effect of composts amended with a biocontrol agent on microbial community in rambutan - Do Thi Xuan, Nils Högberg, Anna Rosling, Sadhna Alström
The Serpula lacrymans genome project - Nils Högberg, Anna Rosling & Jan Stenlid
Tree-fungi-soil interactions in the subarctic-alpine forest-heath ecotone - Karina Clemmensen & Björn Lindahl
Saprotrophic growth of plant pathogens - Hanna Friberg
Succession of wood-inhabiting fungal communities in decaying Norway spruce logs - Elisabet Eriksson, Ariana Kubartóva, Anders Dahlberg & Jan Stenlid
Successional changes of microbial communities in compost ecosystems - Nils Högberg
Wood decaying fungi in boreal forests: communities and activity - Ariana Kubartova, Elisabet Eriksson, Anders Dahlberg & Jan Stenlid