Information about pesticides in the environment
Under the heading "Information on pesticides in the environment", we have collected information on pesticides, mainly plant protection products, and their spread in the environment.
The information provided includes: history, use, incidence and status in the environment, sampling and analyses and education and research. Chemical pesticides have historically acted as something of an alarm system on undesirable environmental and health effects of modern development. Few subjects have played such a prominent role in the environmental debate, a debate which is still relevant in many ways, particularly in a global perspective. Much of the Swedish environmental protection work being done today is pursued through the 16 environmental quality objectives established by the government. It is mainly the environmental quality objective ‘a non-toxic environment’ that affects the work on the risks associated with chemical pesticides. This environmental quality objective states that:
The occurrence of man-made or extracted substances in the environment must not represent a threat to human health or biological diversity. Concentrations of non-naturally occurring substances will be close to zero and their impacts on human health and on ecosystems will be negligible. Concentrations of naturally occurring substances will be close to background levels.
Chemical pesticides should thus actually not be encountered in nature. However, in sampling and environmental monitoring programmes, it has been found that a range of different compounds are detected in surface water and groundwater every year. Knowledge of how ecosystems are affected by this is limited. An important question for the future is how we can ensure a secure food supply without simultaneously poisoning our waters, in the light of a future changing climate. Work on reducing the risks associated with the use of pesticides requires a holistic approach to the use of natural resources, together with better knowledge of how these pesticides act in the environment and their effects.
One of the main tasks of CKB is to increase knowledge of pesticides in the environment. On the following pages, you can find some general information concerning this area under the headings:
Here we provide a short historical background on the use of pesticides and the debate they have aroused over the years.
Here there is a brief summary of what pesticides are, the main modes of action, why they are used and how EU regulations affect their use.
Here we provide a general orientating picture on how pesticides are spread in the environment, the soil characteristics most affected, biological breakdown and how to assess the risk of spread to the environment. There is also a description of how climate change can affect the spread of pesticides.
This provides a description of what we know about the environmental effects of pesticides on aquatic environments and terrestrial ecosystems. It also clearly shows the great gaps in knowledge that exist in this area.
Here we provide a general orientating picture on the environmental status in a risk perspective, with a compilation of recent results from national environmental monitoring of pesticides and various regional investigations.
This section provides advice and guidance for those planning to investigate which pesticides are present in surface waters or groundwater or those wishing to order pesticide analyses.
Here we have compiled different national and international efforts as regards research and education to decrease the risks to the environment from the use of pesticides. We have also included links for further reading.