Names of species are important for communication. Linnaeus, who was one of the first to fully realize this, created the system of binary nomenclature, bringing order to the naming of species. "Without names for things, knowledge of them is useless", Linnaeus stated.
Dyntaxa is a Swedish taxonomic database of the organisms of Sweden. It is developed and managed by the Swedish Species Information Centre at SLU.
The database currently (April 2012) houses information about approx. 63,000 species. More than 58,000 of these are Swedish, representing about 95% of the known ones. It is our ambition to maintain Dyntaxa with all species known to Sweden – at a minimum all multicellular ones and those unicellular taxa that are covered through environmental monitoring commissioned by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency. Most taxa are of natural origins, but we also include e.g. cultivated plants known to occur outside of plantations.
In addition to these species, there are a large number of taxonomic categories on other levels, scientific synonyms, Swedish names, etc. In all, the database includes more than 150,000 names. Dyntaxa is continuously being updated with species not yet registered, species new to Sweden, changes in taxonomy, inclusion of Swedish names and synonyms. In time, people with a special interest in a certain group will be able to subscribe to news and updates that specifically concerns this group only.
Order among species
The main purpose of Dyntaxa is to enable communication about organisms with a natural occurrence in Sweden. Deciding on the "correct" name matters less while it is vital to correctly connect names with organisms, thereby gaining access to the right information.
Dyntaxa provides the taxonomic basis for several databases at the Swedish Species Information Centre, delivering a normative list of concepts for e.g. the Species Gateway, the observation system for Swedish wildlife, and the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute's database Nordic Microalgae. Swedish authorities, such as the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, uses Dyntaxa for quality control of species names. The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency makes it mandatory for external contractors to follow Dyntaxa.
To an increasing extent, the database is also being used by scientists, officials at nature conservation authorities, conservation consultants, teachers, and others. In addition, Dyntaxa is meant as a tool for everyone with a general interest in nature and species, looking for information about species, their names and their relationships.
The current version of Dyntaxa has been developed under the Swedish LifeWatch project and will manage all the needs for Swedish taxonomy within the LifeWatch structure.
How to cite Dyntaxa
The database as a whole:
Dyntaxa (2016) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [date of access].
Dyntaxa (2016) Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at http://www.dyntaxa.se/taxon/info/###### at [date of access], substitute ###### with the relevant Dyntaxa TaxonId.