The noble crayfish in Sweden – genetics, conservation and sustainable use of an endangered species

Last changed: 09 December 2015

Do crayfish from northern Sweden differ from crayfish from the southern part of the country? Is growth rate mainly genetically determined, or is the rearing environment more important? And is it likely that genetic characteristics determine if a population survives or not in a particular part of the country?

The noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) is of large social, cultural, and economic value in Sweden, and there is strong political resolve to develop ecologically sustainable aquaculture of the species. At the same time, the noble crayfish is critically endangered due to continuous spread of crayfish plague, pollution, acidification, and competition from introduced North American signal crayfish. To date little is known about intraspecific genetic variation, including presence of heritable phenotypic differences between local populations (local adaptations). Nevertheless, management actions such as re-introductions and supplementary releases using exogenous populations are commonly applied, although few follow-up studies have been done on the outcome of such activities.

In this project, researchers from the Department of Aquatic Resources perform controlled breeding studies aimed at identifying heritable differences in important phenotypic traits, such as growth rate and survival, between populations from different geographic areas in Sweden. In parallel, a large material of molecular data for in-depth studies of genetic population structure, microevolutionary processes, and evaluations of stocking programs has been collected. The results are anticipated to be of importance when selecting suitable brood stocks for effective future aquaculture endeavors of noble crayfish for consumption and stocking. The knowledge obtained will also serve as a necessary basis for effective management, conservation and sustainable use of populations in the wild.

Popular scientific article about the project:  A noble pursuit

Contact

Johan Dannewitz, project leader
johan.dannewitz@slu.se
Phone: +46(0)10-478 42 23


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