Occurrence of pharmaceuticals and hormones in Swedish surface water (Master)

Last changed: 29 January 2021

The student performing this master thesis will study the presence of organic contaminants such as widely used pharmaceuticals and hormones in Swedish surface water

Although pharmaceuticals and hormones are used in large quantities in modern society, their potential to reach surface waters and their impact on the environment have received little attention during the last decades. The various single-concentration measurements of these contaminants are available in the literature, detailed information on the variation over time of the concentration and the load in wastewater effluents and rivers and on the fate of these compounds in the aquatic environment are lacking.

The main aim of this work will be to study the occurrence and source apportionment of pharmaceuticals and hormones in surface waters. The selection of studied compounds is done based on the EU Watch List. The EU Watch List is a list of potential water pollutants that should be carefully monitored by the EU Member States to determine the risk they pose to the aquatic environment.

The water samples will be enriched with solid phase extraction (SPE) and analyzed by ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The extraction and analysis of the data will be performed by the student. The student should have laboratory experience and be interested in analytical chemistry.


Intended as a Master thesis project (Advanced level) in Chemistry or Environmental Science (30 credits/20 weeks or 60 credits/40 weeks).

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