Sustainable production of biomass – a sectorial perspective

Last changed: 05 December 2017

The Nordic countries possess impressive competencies and a lot of activities related to sector analysis of forestry and agriculture. Partial equilibrium models (PEM) are used in Norway, Finland and Sweden (e.g. NorFor, FinnFor and SweFor) with different degree of sophistication but all integrated with national forest data. Preparations are under way to do the same in Denmark. In Sweden work on PEMs is found in at (at least) 3 different institutions where biodiversity, mitigation, technical development, innovation aspects and policy issues are of interest. The EFI-GTM model for international trade analyses are used in Finland and Norway whereas more detailed, spatially explicit, optimization is conducted with the BeWhere Sweden model to analyze localization of forest biomass based biorefineries. Models for tracing carbon mitigation effects, of varying degree of sophistication, exist in all Nordic countries but need to be (better) integrated into energy system modeling to provide more relevant information. A majority of the models that integrate management activities with sector markets pertain to forestry and Norway, Sweden and Finland. Work that connects agriculture to sector
models is particularly emphasized in Denmark.

This project maps available competencies and current and future activities within the forest modelling sector and provides a basis for improvement in several impact related parameters. It makes it possible to engage the best models and competencies for particular analyses, it identifies gaps in our ability to analyse particular aspects or weaknesses of the existing models, and it improve the potential to engage in EU framework programs.

First BIOSECt Worskshop in Gardermoen

The seminar was organized as a joint event between EFINORD and SNS-NKJ project Sustainable production of biomass – a sectorial perspective (BioSect). It lasted between 10 am to 6 pm, where the time before noon was dedicated to BioSect and after noon to 3 pm to EFINORD, thereafter with parallel sessions for EFINORD and BioSect, respectively. 

First BIOSECT Workshop Summary of presentations

Birger Solberg (Norwegian University of Life Sciences): Forest sector models –international outlook

Dawit Gebregziabher Mekonen (NMBU): Household Participation, governance and Contribution of Biogas to Reduce Deforestation: The Case of Exclosures in Tigray, Ethiopia

Hanne K. Sjølie (Norwegian UniversityofLife Sciences): Forest sector modelling in the Nordic countries: Norway

Oskar Englund (Chalmers): Biomassproduktion och andra ekosystemtjänster i landskap

Jonas Zetterholm (LTU): A sustainable transition of the energy system towards increasing share of bioenergy – Location and industrial change

Maarit I. Kallio (Luke): Forest sector modeling -Finland

Tomas Nordfjell (SLU): Emerging harvesting technologies and sector analysis

Ljusk Ola Eriksson (SLU): SweFor – a simple (too simple?) sector model to bring forest into context

Peichen Gong (SLU): Swedish Timber Market Model - An alternative approach to FSM

Second BIOSECT Workshop in Copenhagen

The second BIOSECT workshop focused on describing future challenges, and from that standpoint, what areas need intensified research in terms of increased analysis capacity. One of the main issues that came up at the first workshop was the need to further discuss data requirements (mainly for industrial processes) for input to the models.

Presentations at the second BIOSECT workshop, October 27 in Copenhagen.

Dimitris Athanassiadis (SLU): The BIOHUB project

Jani laturi (Luke): The Finnish Forest and Energy Policy Model

Ismail Ouraich (LTU): Price Determination of Forest Feedstock under Different Next-Generation Biofuel Production Scenarios with the help of BeWhere Sweden

LjuskOla Eriksson: Price and Volume Determination of Harvest Outputs under Different Forest Technology Scenarios With SweFor


Dimitris Athanassiadis, Analyst
Department of Forest Biomaterials and Technology, SLU, +46 90-786 83 04

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