The subject area silviculture covers research on short- and long-term effects of silvicultural systems, forest operations and strategies on set targets for forest management, with focus on northern temperate, boreal and tropical forests.
One important set target is growth and yield and thus the provision of wood – but other ecosystem services like climate mitigation (carbon sequestration) and impacts on biodiversity (tree species diversity and amount of dead wood) is also important. The research is based on long-term field experiments (many of them managed by the Unit for field-based forest research), survey-studies, laboratory experiments, and simulations. The department is responsible for the development of knowledge that adapts silvicultural practices and systems, to enable a sustainable use of the forest resource. The subject area is central for the department's education, at both undergraduate and graduate level.
Our silvicultural research in tropical areas spans over a broad range of tropical ecosystems, from natural forests, over planted forests to agroforestry. Typical research and education activities concern both deeper biogeophysical process understanding, as well as development of sustainable forest management. Examples of research questions are: How can rainforest be used in a sustainable way? Can trees improve water supply in semi-arid areas? Our students are from both Sweden and from tropical countries.