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Forest Conservation Biology

This course provides knowledge of the field of conservation biology with a specific focus on applications in forested landscapes. The teaching consists of a mix of self-work and real-time learning activities: lectures, literature seminars, projects, excursions and exercises.

The course consists of several parts: Natural and anthropogenic disturbance regimes, Forest biodiversity and its assessment, Conservation measures in forests, Key ecological concepts in conservation biology, Single-species conservation approaches, Global change, The societal context of nature conservation, and Multifunctional forests and urban ecology. Each part uses both lectures and at least one other type of teaching (such as literature seminars, projects and exercises). Literature seminars play an important role for deepening the knowledge and improve scientific thinking.

The course is given as a distance course. Literature seminars, written reports, oral presentations, excursions and the written exam are compulsory.

Information from the course leader

Most welcome to the course in Forest Conservation Biology!

The course is a distance course, but with one mandatory physical meeting. We will meet in Uppsala for two full days of excursions 9-10 November. Please book these dates in you calendar already now!

The distance teaching consists of several types of acivities, including:

1) Literature seminars, discussions and exercises, where you meet teachers and fellow students online at a specified time, through Zoom.

2) Recorded lectures that you can follow when it suits you, but often there is also a scheduled follow-up discussion session

3) Assignments where you work independently or in small groups, and hand in before a given deadline.

Please note that some of the scheduled ("live") activites are mandatory!

If you have any questions regarding the course, please do not hesitate to contact me.

/Erik Öckinger

Course evaluation

The course evaluation is now closed

BI1378-20046 - Course evaluation report

Once the evaluation is closed, the course coordinator and student representative have 1 month to draft their comments. The comments will be published in the evaluation report.

Additional course evaluations for BI1378

Academic year 2023/2024

Forest Conservation Biology (BI1378-30088)

2024-01-15 - 2024-06-02

Academic year 2022/2023

Forest Conservation Biology (BI1378-30165)

2023-01-16 - 2023-06-04

Academic year 2022/2023

Forest Conservation Biology (BI1378-20115)

2022-11-01 - 2023-01-15

Academic year 2021/2022

Forest Conservation Biology (BI1378-30027)

2022-01-17 - 2022-06-05

Academic year 2020/2021

Forest Conservation Biology (BI1378-30289)

2021-01-18 - 2021-06-06

Syllabus and other information

Litterature list

**Literature list – Forest Conservation Biology 2023

Sodhi & Ehrlich 2010. Conservation Biology for all, (Oxford University Press), available online at:

Forest conservation biology in society

Sodhi & Ehrlich Chapter 1-2

Hortal, J. et al. (2015) Seven shortfalls that beset large-scale knowledge of biodiversity. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 46: 523-549.

Ecological concepts

Sodhi & Ehrlich Chapter 10

Conservation Genetics

Groom, M.J. et al. (2005) Chapter 11 Conservation genetics: the use and importance of genetic information. In: Principles of Conservation Biology. 3rd ed. Pp. 375-415.

Supple, M.A. & Shapiro, B. (2018) Conservation of biodiversity in the genomics era. Genome Biology 19:131.

Landscape planning, extinction debts and colonisation credits

Sodhi & Ehrlich Chapter 5

Jackson, S.T. & Sax, D.F. (2010) Balancing biodiversity in a changing environment: extinction debt, immigration credit and species turnover. TREE 25: 153-160.

Kuussaari, M. et al. (2009). Extinction debt: a challenge for biodiversity conservation. TREE 24:564-571.

Metapopulation ecology

Hanski, I. & Gaggiotti. O.E. (2004). Metapopulation biology: past, present, and future. In: Ecology, genetics, and evoluation of metapopulations. Pp. 3-22.

Population viability analysis

Ranius, T. A population viability analysis of a beetles inhabiting hollow trees

Indicators and other surrogate tools

Butchart, S.H.M. et al. (2010) Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines. Science 328: 1164-1168.

Disturbances and conservation values in boreal and nemoral forests

Kuuluvainen, T. (2002) Natural variability of forests as a reference for restoring and managing biological diversity in boreal Fennoscandia. Silva Fennica 36: 97-125.

Ramberg, E. et al. (2018) Coordination through databases can improve pre-scribed burning as a conservation tool to promote forest biodiversity. Ambio 47: 298–306

Nilsson, S.G. et al. (2008) Biodiversity and sustainable forestry in changing landscapes – principles and southern Sweden as an example. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 21: 11–43.

Non-native species
Sodhi & Ehrlich Chapter 7

Climate change and biodiversity

Sodhi & Ehrlich Chapter 8

Felton, A. 2016. How climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies can threaten or enhance the biodiversity of production forests: Insights from Sweden. Biological Conservation 194: 11-20.

Ranius, T. et al. 2023. Protected area designation and management in a world of climate change: A review of recommendations. Ambio 52: 68-80.

Large herbivores

Edenius, L., Bergman, M., Ericsson, G. & Danell, K. 2002. The role of moose as a disturbance factor in managed boreal forests. Silva Fennica 36: 57-67.

Forestry and biodiversity conservation

Felton, A. et al. 2020. Keeping pace with forestry: Multi-scale conservation in a changing production forest matrix. Ambio 49: 1050-1064.

FAO 2018. Forest Policy – Basic knowledge.

Restoration and rewilding

Bullock, J.M. et al. 2011. Restoration of ecosystem services and biodiversity: conflicts and opportunities. TREE 26: 542-549.

Nogues-Bravo, D. et al. 2016. Rewilding is the new Pandora’s box in conservation. Current Biology Magazine 26: R87-R91

Seddon, P.J. et al. 2014. Reversing defaunation: Restoring species in a changing world. Science 345: 406-412.


Schröter, M. et al. (2014) Ecosystem services and opportunity costs shift spatial priorities for conserving forest biodiversity. PLOSOne 9:e112557

Urban ecology

Fay, N. & Butler, J. (2017) Chapter 33. Conservation of ancient and other veteran trees. Routledge handbook of urban forestry.

Duinker, P.N. et al. (2017) Chapter 34. Urban woodlands and their management. Routledge handbook of urban forestry.

Sodhi & Ehrlich Chapter 13.7, P. 253.

Literature seminar articles

Vellend et al. 2006. Extinction debt of forest plants persist for more than a century following habitat fragmentation. Ecology 87: 542-548.

Jonason et al. 2014. Vegetation in clear‐cuts depends on previous land use: a century‐old grassland legacy. Ecology & Evolution 4: 4287-4295.

Groves et al. 2012. Incorporating climate change into systematic conservation planning. Biodiversity & Conservation 21: 1651-1671.

Warren et al. 2018. The projected effect on insects, vertebrates, and plants of limiting global warming to 1.5°C rather than 2°C. Science 360: 791-795.

Simonsson et al. 2016. Conservation values of certified-driven voluntary forest set-asides. Forest Ecology and Management 375:249-258.

Sverdrup-Thygeson et al. 2014. Spatial and temporal scales relevant for conservation of dead-wood associated species: current status and perspectives. Biodiversity Conservation 23:513-535.

Felton A. et al. 2020. Keeping pace with forestry: Multi-scale conservation in a changing production forest matrix. Ambio 49: 1050–1064

Nieminen 2020. No evidence of systematic pre-emptive loggings after notifying landowners of their lands’ conservation potential. Ambio (2020): 1-10.

Sidemo-Holm et al. 2022. Urbanization causes biotic homogenization of woodland bird communities at multiple spatial scales. Global Change Biology 28: 6152-6164.

Sjöman et al. 2016. Diversification of the urban forest – Can we afford to exclude exotic tree species? Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 18: 237-241.

Course facts

The course is offered as an independent course: Yes The course is offered as a programme course: Euroforester - Master's Programme Management of Fish and Wildlife Populations - Master's Programme Forest Ecology and Sustainable Management - mastersprogramme Forest Science - Master's Programme Forest Management - Bachelor's Programme Tuition fee: Tuition fee only for non-EU/EEA/Switzerland citizens: 38060 SEK Cycle: Master’s level (A1N)
Subject: Biology Forest Science
Course code: BI1378 Application code: SLU-20046 Location: Uppsala Distance course: Yes Language: English Responsible department: Department of Ecology Pace: 100%