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Trees, structure and function

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BI1385-10104 - Course evaluation report

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Additional course evaluations for BI1385

Academic year 2021/2022

Trees, structure and function (BI1385-M1104) 2021-08-30 - 2021-11-01

BI1385 Trees, structure and function, 15.0 Credits

Träd, struktur och funktion

Syllabus approved




Education cycle

Bachelor’s level


Title Credits Code
Introduktion till skogar och landskap 1.00 1002
Identifiering av träd 5.00 1003
Jordar 2.00 1004
Träds anatomi och utveckling 5.00 1005
Mätmetodik och biometri 2.00 1006

Advanced study in the main field

First cycle, entry requirements only from upper secondary school(G1N)

Grading scale

5:Pass with Distinction, 4:Pass with Credit, 3:Pass, U:Fail The requirements for attaining different grades are described in the course assessment criteria which are contained in a supplement to the course syllabus. Current information on assessment criteria shall be made available at the start of the course.



Prior knowledge

General entry requirements for first-cycle studies and

- Mathematics 2a or Mathematics 2b or Mathematics 2c
- Science studies 2
- English B

As the language of instruction is English, the Swedish language general entry requirement may
not apply.


This course aims to give the students basic knowledge of the fundamental principles of tree biology, from the roots to the upper canopy. The course covers theoretical and practical knowledge on conifer and broadleaf tree species identification, growth and development of trees, and tree species silvics relevant for sustainable planning and management of trees in urban and rural forested settings. During the course special focus will also be given the writing process, aiming to support students in developing professional writing skills.

After completing the course the student should be able to

- name and identify tree species and describe their optimal habitats and requirements
- describe basic processes of the growth and development of trees, and understand how environmental factors affect tree growth
- collect and discuss the relevance of tree silvics in the context of urban and forest landscape management
- develop basic skills in professional writing.


This course begins with the students being introduced to a broad range of topics in multiple-uses, values and benefits of trees in urban and rural environments. The course covers a broad range of topics relevant to use of trees in urban and rural environments. It presents the basic concepts and terminology describing the structure and functions of trees, the taxonomy, morphology and use of important broadleaf and conifer trees in Scandinavia and northern Europe. The course also provides basic knowledge in anatomy and physiology of trees, development and growth of different organs and tissues, chemical energy cycles, mineral nutrition and soil properties, water relations and transport, microbial symbiosis, and effects of environmental stress on tree growth. In addition, basic statistics and biometrics, as well as in academic writing will be trained.

The course contains lectures, laboratory and outdoor exercises and demonstrations, group and individual assignments (written and practical), discussions and seminars. Students will also participate in writing labs and receive individual instruction/feedback on writing assignments to progress writing skills. Group work, oral and written presentations, and excursions are compulsory.

Formats and requirements for examination

Passed written exam
Approved participation in group work
Approved written and practical assignments
Passed mandatory assigment
  • If the student fails a test, the examiner may give the student a supplementary assignment, provided this is possible and there is reason to do so.
  • If the student has been granted special educational support because of a disability, the examiner has the right to offer the student an adapted test, or provide an alternative assessment.
  • If changes are made to this course syllabus, or if the course is closed, SLU shall decide on transitional rules for examination of students admitted under this syllabus but who have not yet passed the course.
  • For the examination of a degree project (independent project), the examiner may also allow the student to add supplemental information after the deadline. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.

Other information

  • The right to take part in teaching and/or supervision only applies to the course date to which the student has been admitted and registered on.
  • If there are special reasons, the student may take part in course components that require compulsory attendance at a later date. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.

Additional information

Additional costs for excursions may apply. The course introduces ‘Writing Across the Curriculum’ (WAC), aiming to support students in developing professional writing skills.

The syllabus is uppdated due to changed field of study in accordance with the decisions 2021-02-11 (§§ 9-10) by the Board of Education on the main field of study Forestry science and on degree requirements (SLU.sfak.2021.3.1.1-22).

Responsible department

Department of Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre

Further information

Determined by: Programnämnden för utbildning inom skog (PN - S)
There are no Grading criteria posted for this course
1) Applied Tree Biology
Author: Andrew D. Hirons and Peter A. Thomas
ISBN: 9781118296400; 9781118296363
Comments: This e-book is available to students when on campus or connected by VPN (
2) Chapter 2 - The Soil Habitat
Author: Voroney, R.P. and Heck, R.J.
Comments: PDF access to article via SLU
3) The global soil community and its influence on biogeochemistry
Author: Crowther, T.W., van den Hoogen, J., Wan, J., Mayes, M.A., Keiser, A.D., Mo, L., Verill, C., Maynard, D.S.
Comments: PDF access to article via SLU
4) Relative Importance of Climate, Soil and Plant Functional Traits During the Early Decomposition Stage of Standardized Litter
Author: Fanin, N., Bezaud, S., Sarneel, J.M., Cecchini, S., Nicolas, M., Augusto, L.
Comments: PDF access to article via SLU
5) Tree and Forest Measurement
Author: West, P.
Comments: Free access to e-book on campus at SLU

Course facts

The course is offered as an independent course: No The course is offered as a programme course: Forest and Landscape (BSc) Tuition fee: Tuition fee only for non-EU/EEA/Switzerland citizens: 38054 SEK Cycle: Bachelor’s level
Subject: Biology
Course code: BI1385 Application code: SLU-10104 Distance course: No Language: English Responsible department: Department of Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre Pace: 100%