Funding bodies and scientific journals are putting more and more pressure on researchers to make their research data available.
Open science and open data are discussed in many different contexts by different actors, nationally, in the EU and globally. Since 2017, projects that have been granted funds from the EU framework programme Horizon 2020 must create a data management plan based on the principle that publications and research data must be openly available. In Sweden, there are currently no national guidelines for how to make research data available. However, the Swedish Research Council has been tasked by the government to coordinate national work with implementing open access to research data and developing criteria for assessing to what extent research data – which has been completely or partly developed using public funding – meets the FAIR principles.
There are many reasons to make data available
Publishers’ rules. Certain publishers, e.g. PLoS, require that elementary data for a published article must be made available.
Impact. Available data can be re-used and cited by others both within and outside a research domain.
Counteract resource waste. If basic or negative data is already available, there is often no need for other researchers to repeat the same experiments.
Democracy and transparency. Publically financed research findings should be available to citizens. Access to the data which research findings are based on is necessary to review the correctness of the conclusions.