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Giulia Vico

Giulia Vico


Department of Ecology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
PO Box 7044, Ulls väg 18B
SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden


Researcher ID: A-6296-2010; ORCID: 0000-0002-7849-2653; SCOPUS ID: 15726654400. See also Google Scholar.

Follow us on Twitter @Vico_Lab!

Research interests

How do environmental conditions affect plants in managed and natural ecosystems? What are the risks of damage to leaves, crops and trees from lack of rainfall and wide temperature fluctuations in the summer and from low temperatures, lack of snow and high irradiance in the winter? How will the risks of damage change under future climates? What can be done in managed ecosystems to reduce the potential for damage and stabilize yields?

I develop and apply eco-hydrological models - process-based, quantitative description of vegetation response to random, potentially damaging, weather conditions - as well as analyze biug data, to quantify such risks and the potential effects of management strategies - from species and variety selection, to diversification in space and time (species mixtures and rotations). 



BI1295 Sustainable plant production - from molecular to field scales (master level)

MV0184 Biogeofysikdelen (bachelor level)

Stochastic processes and dynamical system theory with applications in ecology, agronomy and biogeochemistry (Course leader; PhD level)



PhD Students:

Alessio Costa (main supervisor)

Mahmoud Suliman (main supervisor)


Yuval Zelnik (main supervisor)

Faranak Tootoonchi (main supervisor)

Previous members of the group

Holger Metzler (2021-2022)

Maoya Bassiouni (2019-2021)

Fiona HM Tang (2021-2022)

Herman N.C. Berghuijs (2018-2020)

Guiomar Ruiz-Pérez (2016-2019)

Lucia Tamburino (2017-2019)

Minchao Wu (2019-2022)

Alexander Menegat (2015-2018)

Graduated PhD students

Xiangyu Luan (main supervisor; graduation 2021)

James Ajal (co-supervisor; graduation 2021)

Eirini Lamprini Daouti (co-supervisor; graduation 2021)

Martin Goude (co-supervisor; graduation 2021)

Fereshteh Pourazari (co-supervisor; graduation 2016)

Selected publications

Please send an email to to obtain pdf copies of any publication. See ResearcherID or Google Scholar for the full list.

Most recent publications (2019-2023)


Vico G, Tang FHM, Brunsell NA, Crews TE, Katul GG (2023), Photosynthetic capacity, canopy size and rooting depth mediate response to heat and water stress of annual and perennial grain crops, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 341, 109666 

Tang FHM, Crews TE, Brunsell NA, Vico G, Perennial intermediate wheatgrass accumulates more soil organic carbon than annual winter wheat, Plant and Soil, in press

Smith ME, Vico G, Costa A, ..., Bommarco R (2023), Increasing crop rotational diversity can enhance cereal yields, Communications Earth & Environment, 4, 89

Bassiouni M, Manzoni S, Vico G (2023), Optimal plant water use strategies explain soil moisture variability, Advances in Water Resources Research, 173, 104405

Huddell A, Ernfors M, Crews T, Vico G, Menge DNL (2023), Nitrate leaching losses and the fate of 15N fertilizer in perennial intermediate wheatgrass and annual wheat —a field study, Science of the Total Environment, 857(1), 159255

Scaini A, Vico G, Thorslund J, Hugelius G, Manzoni S (2023), Water availability and land management control catchment-scale agricultural nitrogen and phosphorous use efficiencies, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 37(1), e2022GB007487 

Luan X, Bommarco R, Vico G (2023), Coordinated evaporative demand and precipitation maximize rainfed maize and soybean crop yields in the USA, Ecohydrology, 16, 2


Wang L, Jiao W, MacBean N, Rulli MC, Manzoni S, Vico G, D’Odorico P (2022) Dryland productivity under a changing climate, Nature Climate Change, 12, 981–994

Feng X, Lu Y, Jiang M, Katul G, Manzoni S, Mrad A, Vico G (2022), Instantaneous stomatal optimization results in suboptimal carbon gain due to legacy effects, Plant, Cell, & Environment, 45(11), 3189-3204 

Manzoni S, Fatichi S, Feng X, Katul GG, Way DA, Vico G (2022), Consistent responses of vegetation gas exchange to elevated atmospheric CO2 emerge from heuristic and optimization models, Biogeosciences, 19(17), 4387–4414

Wu M, Manzoni S, Vico G, Bastos A, de Vries F, Messori G (2022), Drought legacy in sub-seasonal vegetation state and sensitivity to climate over the Northern Hemisphere, Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL098700

Goude M, Nilsson U, Mason E, Vico G (2022), Comparing growth and yield models for Norway spruce and Scots pine monoculture stands, Silva Fennica, 56, 2

Messori G, Wu M, Vico G, Galfi VM (2022), The atmospheric jet stream dynamically controls vegetation activity in Europe, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 322

Puy A, Sheikholeslami R, Gupta HW, Hall JW, Lo Piano S, Meier J, Pappenberger F, Porporato A, Vico G, Saltelli A (2022), The delusive accuracy of global irrigation water withdrawal estimates, Nature Communications, 13, 3183

Goude M, Nilsson U, Mason E, Vico G (2022), Using hybrid modelling to predict basal area and evaluate effects of climate change on growth of Norway spruce and Scots pine stands, Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 37:1, 59-73

Weih M, Adam E, Vico G, Rubiales D (2022), Application of crop growth models to assist breeding for intercropping: Opportunities and challenges, Frontiers in Plant Science, 13, 720486

Daouti E, Jonsson M, Vico G, Menegat A (2022), Seed predation is key to preventing population growth of annual weeds, Journal of Applied Ecology, 59, 471-482


Ajal J, Jäck O, Vico G, Weih M (2021), Functional trait space in cereal-legume cultures is influenced more by cultivar identity than the level of diversity, Perspectives in Plant Ecology and Evolution and Systematics, 50, 125612

Luan X, Bommarco R, Scaini A, Vico G (2021), Combined heat and drought suppresses rainfed maize and soybean yields and modify irrigation benefits, Environmental Research Letters, 16, 064023

Bassiouni M, Vico G (2021), Parsimony versus predictive and functional performance of three stomatal optimization principles in a big-leaf framework, New Phytologist, 231(2), 586-600

Wu M, Vico G, Manzoni S, Cai Z, Bassiouni M, Tian F, Zhang F, Ye K, Messori G (2021), Early growing season anomalies in vegetation activity determine the large-scale climate-vegetation coupling in Europe, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 126, e2020JG006167 

Luan X, Vico G (2021), Canopy temperature and heat stress are increased by compound high air temperature and water stress, and reduced by irrigation – A modeling analysis, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 25(3) 1411-1423

Berghuijs HNC, Weih M, van der Werf W, Karley AJ, Adam E, Villegas-Fernández AM, Kiær LP, Newton AC, Scherber C, Tavoletti S, Vico G (2021), Calibrating and testing APSIM for wheat-faba bean pure cultures and intercrops across Europe, Field Crop Research, 264, 108088

Vico G, Karacic A, Adler A, Richards T, Weih M (2021), Consistent poplar clone ranking based on leaf phenology and temperature along a latitudinal and climatic gradient in Northern Europe, BioEnergy Research, 14, 445–459

Marini L, St-Martin A, Vico G, Baldoni G, Berti A, Blecharczyk A, Morari F, Malecka-Jankowiak I, Sawinska Z, Bommarco R (2021), Crop rotation sustains cereal yield under a changing climate, Environmental Research Letters, 15(12), L124011

Raderschall CA, Vico G, Lundin O, Taylor A, Bommarco R (2021), Water stress and insect herbivory interactively reduce crop yield while the insect pollination benefit is conserved, Global Change Biology, 27(1), 71-83


Berghuijs HNC, Wang Z, Stomph TJ, Weih M, Van der Werf W, Vico G (2020), Identification of crop traits enhancing wheat-faba bean intercrop productivity: a crop growth model and sensitivity analyses, Plant and Soil, 455, 203-226

Manzoni S, Chakrawal A, Fischer T, Schimel JP, Porporato A, Vico G (2020), Rainfall intensification increases the contribution of rewetting pulses to soil respiration, Biogeosciences, 17, 4007–4023

Mrad A, Manzoni S, Oren R, Vico G, Lindh M, Katul G (2020), Recovering the metabolic, self-thinning and constant final yield rules in mono-specific stands, Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 3, 62

Tamburino L, Di Baldassarre G, Vico G (2020), Water management for irrigation, crop yields and social attitudes: a socio-agricultural agent-based model to explore a collective action problem, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 65(11), 1815–1829

Ruiz-Pérez G, Vico G (2020) Effects of temperature and water availability on Northern European boreal Forests, Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 3, 34

Su Z, Zeng Y, Romano N, Manfreda S, Francés F, Ben Dor E, Szabó B, Vico G, Nasta P, Zhuang R, Francos N, Mészáros J, Dal Sasso SF, Bassiouni M, Zhang L, Rwasoka DT, Retsios B, Yu L, Blatchford ML, Mannaerts C (2020), An integrative information aqueduct to close the gaps between global satellite observation of water cycle and local sustainable management of water resources (iAqueduct), Water, 12(5),1495

Breinl K, Mazzoleni M, Di Baldassarre G, Lun D, Vico G (2020) Extreme dry and wet spells face changes in their duration and timing, Environmental Research Letters, 15, 074040

Vico G, Tamburino L, Rigby JR (2020) Designing on-farm irrigation ponds for high and stable yield for different climates and risk-coping attitudes, Journal of Hydrology, 584, 124634

de Oliveira G, Brunsell NA, Crews TE, DeHaan L, Vico G (2020) Carbon and water relations in perennial Kernza (Thynopyrum intermedium): an overview, Plant Science, 295, 110279


Livsey J, Kätterer T, Vico G, Lyon SW, Lindborg R, Scaini A, Manzoni S (2019) Do alternative irrigation strategies for rice cultivation decrease water footprints at the cost of long-term soil health?, Environmental Research Letters, 14(7)

Ruiz-Pérez G, Launiainen S, Vico G (2019), Role of plant traits in photosynthesis and thermal damage avoidance under warmer and drier climates in boreal forests. Forests, 10, 398

Messori G, Ruiz-Pérez G, Manzoni S, Vico G (2019), Climate drivers of the terrestrial carbon cycle variability in Europe, Environmental Research Letters, 14(6)

Sutherlin CE, Brunsell NA, de Oliveira G, Crews TE, DeHaan LR, Vico G (2019), Contrasting physiological and environmental controls of evapotranspiration over Kernza perennial crop, annual crops and C4 and mixed C3/C4 grasslands, Sustainability, 11(6), 1640

Vico G, Way DA, Hurry V, Manzoni S (2019), Can leaf net CO2 assimilation acclimate to keep up with warmer and more variable temperatures?, Plant, Cell & Environment, 42(6), 1913-1928

Feng X, Ackerly D, Dawson T, Manzoni S, McLaughlin B, Skelton R, Vico G, Weitz A, Thompson S (2019), Beyond isohydricity: the role of environmental variability on plant drought responses, Plant, Cell & Environment, 42, 1104-1111

Most relevant older publications - see ResearcherID or Google Scholar for the full list

Feng X, Ackerly D, Dawson T, Manzoni S, Skelton R, Vico G, Thompson SE (2018), The ecohydrological context of drought and classification of plant responses, Ecology Letters, 21(11), 1723-1736

Vico G, Brunsell NA (2018), Tradeoffs between water requirements and yield stability in annual vs. perennial crops, Advances in Water Resources, 112, 189-202

St-Martin A., Vico G., Bergkvist G., Bommarco R. (2017) Diverse cropping systems enhanced yield but did not improve yield stability in a 52-year long experiment, Agriculture, Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 247, 337-342

Vico G., Manzoni S., Nkurunziza L., Murphy K., Weih M. (2016), Trade-offs between seed output and life span - A quantitative comparison of traits between annual and perennial congeneric species, New Phytologist, 209(1): 104-114

Marquardt K., Vico G., Eksvärd K., Glynn C., Dalin, P., Björkman C., Weih M. (2016), Farmer perspectives on introducing perennial cereal in Swedish farming systems: A sustainability analysis of plant traits, farm management, and ecological implications, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 40(5), 432-450 

Vico G., Thompson S.E., Manzoni S., Molini A., Albertson J.D., Cortez J.A., Fay P.A, Feng X., Guswa A., Liu H., Wilson T.G., Porporato A (2015), Climatic, ecophysiological and phenological controls on plant ecohydrological strategies in seasonally dry ecosystems, Ecohydrology, 8(4), 660-681

Vico G., Hurry V., Weih M. (2014), Snowed in for survival: quantifying the risk of winter damage to overwintering crops in northern temperate latitudes, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 197, 65-75

Vico G., Manzoni S., Palmroth S., Weih M., Katul G. (2013), A perspective on optimal leaf stomatal conductance under CO2 and light co-limitations, Agricultural Forest Meteorology, 182-183,191-199

Vico G., and Porporato A. (2013), Probabilistic description of crop development and irrigation water requirements with stochastic rainfall, Water Resources Research, 49(3), 1466-1482

Manzoni S., Vico G., Porporato A., Katul G.G. (2013), Biological constraints on water transport in the soil-plant-atmosphere system, Advances in Water Resources, 51, 292-304 

Vico G., Manzoni S., Palmroth S., and G.G. Katul (2011), Effects of stomatal delays on the economics of leaf gas exchange under intermittent light, New Phytologist, 192( 3), 640-652

Vico G., and A. Porporato (2011), From rainfed agriculture to stress-avoidance irrigation I. A generalized irrigation scheme with stochastic soil moisture, Advances in Water Resources, 34(2), 263-271

Vico G., and A. Porporato (2011), From rainfed agriculture to stress-avoidance irrigation II. Sustainability, crop yield, and profitability, Advances in Water Resources, 34(2), 272-281

Vico G. and A. Porporato (2010), Traditional and micro-irrigation with stochastic soil moisture, Water Resources Research, 46, W03509

Vico G., and A. Porporato (2008), Modelling C3 and C4 photosynthesis under-water stressed conditions, Plant and Soil, 313(1-2), 187-203


Professor at the Department of Ecology
Telephone: +4618671418
Postal address:
Inst för växtproduktionsekologi, Box 7043
750 07 UPPSALA
Visiting address: Ulls väg 16, Uppsala