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Kristina Marquardt

Kristina Marquardt
I am a researcher in rural development at the Department of Urban and Rural Development. My research interests include social and agro-ecological aspects of small-scale agriculture in forests margins. I am also the director of PhD studies at the Urban and Rural Development (SOL).


My research focuses on smallholders’ diverse and dynamic land uses for food production, agrarian change, forest transitions, maintenance of ecosystem services in the landscape and the local perspective on how REDD (and other Payment of Ecosystem Services schemes) affects such small scale land uses in the global South.


I give lectures about rural livelihoods, small-scale farming systems, REDD and its local impacts, farmers’ management of ecosystem services, and action research methodology etc. at our agronomy program and master program. I have previously (2012-2016) been responsible course coordinator for the course International Rural Development (LU0056) at the Urban and Rural Development (SOL).


My doctoral research started out from questions concerning farmers’ own strategies to handle soil fertility problems in the Amazon. By using participatory action research methodology, the research process was able to open up and expand and include questions concerning diversity in environmental perceptions, farmers’ land management knowledge, farmers’ learning within the context of local institutions and what outside structures that could support such learning processes.

My post doc research explored how farmers working with small-scale intensive swidden farming systems in western Amazon perceive, describe, denominate and manage the fundamental ecological functions in a swidden farming system (e.g. soil fertility, biomass accumulation, soil water regulation, genetic diversity of crops) i.e. ecosystem services (ES). 

I have since then worked with three major research projects that focus on ecosystem services and different Payment of Ecosystem Service (PES) schemes:

- PECA (Payment of Ecosystem services – Consequenses and Alternatives). In PECA we explored governance, livelihood and social and cultural impacts of PES schemes in Brazil, Nepal, Peru and Tanzania (particularly REDD). We then compare dthese with cases of local agricultural/forestall systems that are strong in providing ES, but where no payment is involved. 

- In the project AgResources I focused on ecosystem services in agriculture from a farmer's perspective in a Swedish context and how to plan for ecosystem services in future production systems. 

- PECA 2 which will be ongoing during 2016-2018. In this project we intend to study the ecosystem services from an integrated landscape approach that includes both agriculture and forestry in the two contrasting contexts of Brazil and Nepal. We will examine the small farmers’ intentions and practices for managing ecosystem services and how the farmers' actions can help to preserve forest, increse the ecosystem services in the landscape, while safeguarding their livelihood.


I have a background as a soil and plant agronomist (MSc in Agriculture) and have a PhD in Rural Development. I have previously worked at the County Administrative Board, conducted a JPO position at CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture) and enjoyed a postdoctoral period with ICRAF- Latin America (World Agroforestry Centre).


I supervise students at bachelor, master and doctoral levels.

I have been the  deputy supervisor for the doctoral students:

- Dil Khatri (2018). Climate and Development at the Third Pole. Dynamics of power and knowledge reshaping community forest governance in Nepal.
- Nícia Givá (2016). Parks with people? Action Research in Bridging Conservation and Livelihoods.

Selected publications

Marquardt K, Pain A, Bartholdson Ö and L Romero Rengifo (2018). Forest dynamics in the Peruvian Amazon – understanding processes of change. Small-scale Forestry. 18(1), pp 81-104.

Khatri D, Marquardt K, Pain A and H Ojha (2018). Shifting regimes of management and uses of forests: What might REDD+ implementation mean for community forestry? Evidence from Nepal. Journal of Forest Policy and Economics. Volume 92, pp 1-10.

Eksvärd K and K Marquardt (2018). From change to transitions? Learnings from environmental protection activities in Sweden. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. Vol 42(2), pp 189-209.

Egerlid J, Marquardt K and Ö Bartholdson (2016). Forest conservation versus indigenous forest territory rights in the Peruvian Amazon – the case of the Kechwa-Lamas village Alto Huaja and the roles external actors. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology. Volume 12(4), pp 381-405.

Marquardt K, Khatri D and Pain A (2016). REDD in the light of forest transition, agrarian change and ecosystem services in the Mid-Hills and Terai of Nepal. Human Ecology. Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 229–244. DOI: 10.1007/s10745-016-9817-x

Marquardt K, Vico G, Eksvärd K, Glynn C, Dalin P, Björkman C and Weih M (2016). Farmer perspectives on introducing perennial cereals in Swedish farming systems: A sustainability analysis of plant traits, farm management and ecological implications. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems. Volume 40, Issue 7, pp 432–250.

Lindell L, Åström M E, Marquardt K and Henningsson M (2014). Farmers’ (local and colonists) perceptions of environmental changes in the forest frontier of the upper Amazon, Peru. International Journal of Resources, Governance and Ecology (IJARGE). Volume 10(4), pp 394-418.

Marquardt K, Milestad R and Porro R (2013). Farmers' Perspectives on Vital Soil-related Ecosystem Services in Intensive Swidden Farming Systems in the Peruvian Amazon. Human Ecology, 41, pp 139-151. DOI 10.1007/s10745-012-9522-3 

Marquardt K, Milestad R and Salomonsson L (2013). Improved fallows: A case study of an adaptive response in Amazonian swidden farming systems. Agriculture and Human Values, 30, pp 417-428. DOI 10.1007/s10460-012-9415-5 

Marquardt Arévalo K, Ljung M and Sriskandarajah N (2010). Learning Through Feedback in the Field: Reflective Learning in a NGO in the Peruvian Amazon. Action Research (AR), Volume 8(1), pp 29-51.

Marquardt K, Salomonsson L and Brondizio E (2010). Small-scale farmers’ land management strategies in the Upper Amazon: an action research case study. Interciencia, 35 (6), pp. 421-429.

Marquardt K, Geber U and Salomonsson L (2009). Farmers Facing Rapid Agricultural Land Condition Changes in Two Villages in the Upper Amazon, Peru. Can Action Learning Contribute to Resilience? International Journal of Resources, Governance and Ecology (IJARGE), Vol 8, Nos. 5/6, pp. 457-483.

Marquardt Arévalo K and Ljung M, 2006. Action Research on Land Management in the Western Amazon, Peru – a Research Process, its Outcomes and the Researcher’s Role, Systemic Practice and Action Research, 19, pp. 309-324.


PhD thesis

Marquardt Arévalo K (2008). PhD dissertation. Burning Changes. Action research with Farmers and Swidden Agriculture in the Upper Amazon, 2008:42, ISBN:978-91-85913-75-6


Reports and popular publications

Romero Rengifo L and K Marquardt (2015). La agricultura indígena de Kechwa-Lamas y los servicios ecosistémicos – que hay de aprender? SERVINDI.

Bartholdson Ö, Beckman M, Engström L, Jacobson K, Marquardt K and L Salomonsson (2012). Does paying pay off? Paying for ecosystem services and exploring alternative possibilities. Report series Department of Urban and Rural Development. No 1/2012.

Englund O, Berndes G, Lundgren L, Palm M, Engström L, Bäckman C, Marquardt K and E Stephansson (2011). Producing Feedstock for Biofuels: Land-Use and Local Environmental Impacts. Technical report for the EU Biofuel Baseline project. Report no: FRT 2011:06. Chalmers University of Technology. Gothenburg. Sweden.

Marquardt K (2010). Ecosystem Services and the Service Managers, Amazon Agroforestry. ICRAF Amazon Newsletter, Vol 2, No 1, sept 2010.



Researcher at the Department of Urban and Rural Development; Division of Rural Development
Telephone: 018-672099
Work description: Researcher and teacher in rural development at the Department of Urban and Rural Development, and the director of PhD studies at the Urban and Rural Development (SOL).
Postal address:
Inst för stad och land, Box 7012
Visiting address: Ulls väg 27, Uppsala