My overarching research interests are within natural resource management and development policy and their impacts on rural smallholders and herders in East Africa, with a particular focus on land tenure and governance.
With a background as development policy advisor, I am also engaged in bridging the gap between research and policy development and implementation, for instance through representing my department in the steering committée of SweDev - a network for researchers within development research promoting collaboration between researchers and development practitioners and decision makers.
I teach about my research at various courses and programmes at the department including at courses about Politics and governance, Global development, Sustainable natural resource management.
My overarching research interests are natural resource management and development policy and their impacts on rural communities in East Africa.
My research focus is, for example, discourses around and the impacts of privatisation trends in development policy and land governance; how are development policy and projects that provide few benefits or harm local communities legitimised? how do policy makers make sense of research findings? how do smallholder farmers and herders get access and rights to land? what are the impacts of land formalisation? how does land governance take place around large-scale agro-investments? who is represented and recognized in such processes, who wins and who loses, how and why?
I am currently conducting three research projects:
My ongoing research on Land Justice is a follow up of my PhD research on large-scale agro-investments in Tanzania, and who gets access and rights to land once an agro-investment is closed down. The focus is on social inequality, redistribution, recognition and representation for various people and groups of people in rural and urban Tanzania. https://www.slu.se/en/departments/urban-rural-development/research/rural-development/ongoing-projects/towards-land-equality/
Since 2020, I am part of two research projects exploring Climate compensation. One project focuses on the local, social impacts by tree planting projects in rural Tanzania, funded by Formas: https://www.slu.se/en/departments/urban-rural-development/research/rural-development/ongoing-projects/trees-in-africa/
The second project aims at developing an assessment guide for consumers and companies to assess tree planting projects and to what extent they can benefit local communities: https://www.slu.se/en/departments/urban-rural-development/research/rural-development/ongoing-projects/sustainable-consumption-of-carbon-emission-reductions
In my PhD research (defended in September 2018), I studied large-scale agricultural investment as a development strategy for rural Tanzania, a strategy promoted by Swedish and Tanzanian governments, bilateral donors and development banks alike since the early 2000's. While such investments are proposed to provide efficient use of "unused" land, employment opportunities, solutions to ancient agricultural methods and industralisation, it is being increasingly acknowledged that many projects are cancelled and bring about few of the purported benefits.
Through previous experiences from Swedish and international NGOs, and through my 9 years at Sida Helpdesk for Environment and Climate Change, collaboration between academia and practice in Swedish development cooperation has been a large part of my professional life.
Currently, I am working to brigde the gap between policy and practice through representing the department in the SweDev steering group and as a member in the LARRI steering group (Land Rights Research Initiative).
I have a journalist degree, and I regularly write articles and opinion pieces, blog posts and policy briefs to spread my research findings more widely.
I have a master degree in Zooecology from Uppsala University including development studies, tropical ecology and anthropology, and a journalist degree from Uppsala University.
I worked two years heading The Nature Conservancy's program on orangutan conservation thorough tropical forest research on orangutans and forestry in Kalimantan, Indonesia, in collaboration with teams from local villages.
I worked for Swedish and international NGOs on global environmental issues such as palm oil production in South East Asia and soy production in Latin America.
Before and after conducting my PhD I worked as an advisor to Sida at the Sida Helpdesk for Environment and Climate Change. Through my thesis work, I expanded my experience to include both natural and social science perspectives.
I regularly supervise master and bachelor students at the Department.
Engström, L., Bélair, J., & Blache, A. (2022). Formalising village land dispossession? An aggregate analysis of the combined effects of the land formalisation and land acquisition agendas in Tanzania. Land Use Policy, 120, 106255.
Engström, Linda (2020). The impacts of delay: Exploring a Failed Large-scale Agro-investment in Tanzania. in "Land, Investment and Politics: Reconfiguring Eastern Africa's Pastoral Drylands", Jeremy Lind, Doris Okenwa and Ian Scoones (eds). James Currey, UK.
Engström, Linda (2020). How can an agricultural investment that never happened affect people living in poverty? EBA Development Dissertation Brief 2020:01. Expert group on Aid Studies, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Stockholm, Sweden.
Engstrom & Hajdu (2018). Conjuring ‘Win-World’ – Resilient Development Narratives in a Large-Scale Agro-Investment in Tanzania. Journal of Development Studies. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00220388.2018.1438599
Bluwstein, Friis-Lund, Askew, Stein, Noe, Odgaard, Maganga, Engström (2018). Between dependence and deprivation: the interlocking nature of land alienation in Tanzania. J of Agrarian Change. https://doi.org/10.1111/joac.12271
Abdallah, J., Engstrom, L., Havnevik, K., Salomonsson, L (2014). A Critical Analysis of Practices and Dynamics of Large Scale Land Acquisitions in Tanzania The global land grab - Beyond the hype. Kaag and Zoomers, ZED.
Englund et al. 2011. Producing Feedstock for Biofuels: Land-Use and Local Environmental impacts - Technical report for the EU Biofuel Baseline project.
OECD DAC Environet. 2011. Strategic Environmental Assessment and Biofuels Development.
Engström, L., 2009, Liquid Biofuel Production – Opportunities and Challenges in Developing Countries, Swedish EIA Centre SLU, Uppsala, Sweden.
Marshall, A.J., Nardiyono, Engstrom L. Pamungkas, B., Palapa, J., Meijaard, E., Stanley, S.A., 2006, The blowgun is mightier than the chainsaw in determining population density of Bornean orangutans (Pongo Pygmaeus Pygmaeus) in the forests of East Kalimantan , Biological Conservation Volume 129 Issue 4 pp 566-578.
Felton, A.M., Engstrom, L.., Felton, A., Knott, C.D, 2003, Orangutan population density, forest structure and fruit availability in hand logged and unlogged peat swamp forests in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, Biological Conservation 114: 91-101.