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Magnus Löf

Magnus Löf


My research interests have been related to forest restoration and adaptation of forest management regimes to global change. For example, I have studied the restoration of mixed broadleaved-conifer stands through natural and artificial regeneration. I have researched the effects of various silvicultural practices on the survival, growth, and stem quality of seedlings, saplings, trees, and growth factors such as light, nutrients, and water. Abiotic and biotic interactions, including effects from insects, granivorous rodents and ungulates, have been studied using ecological and eco-physiological research techniques to better understand growth responses. For the last ten years, my research has also been directed towards continuous cover forestry and understanding growth in mixed-species stands and effects on ecosystem services and biodiversity from different forest management intensities. I believe that applied silvicultural research needs to be developed in collaboration with other disciplines, especially for studying the effects of silvicultural practices on other valued aspects of forests.

Head of department, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre.

Subject editor (Silviculture and Forest Ecology), European Journal of Forest Research.


Course leader and teacher: Broadleaves - Forest dynamics, biodiversity and management for multiple use (15 credits)

Teacher: Urban forestry - management of urban forests and trees (15 credits)


I have been supervisor of eight Ph.D. thesis since 2005, of which six as main supervisor. I am supervisor of four Ph.D. projects in progress.

Selected publications

International peer reviewed publications (journal articles and book chapters)

Lesko J, Sloan J, Löf M, Jacobs DF. 2024. Overstory and understory resource competition variably influences conversion of introduced conifer plantations to native hardwoods. For Ecol Manage 566, 122102. 

Felton A, Seidl R, Lindenmayer DB et al. 2024. The choice of path to resilience is crucial to the future of production forests. Nature Ecology & Evolution DOI: 

Vospernik S, Vigren C, Morin X et al. 2024. Can mixing Quercus robur and Quercus petraea with Pinus sylvestris compensate for productivity losses due to climate change? Science of the Total Environment 942, 173342.

Stanturf JA, Dumroese RK, Elliot S et al. 2023. Advances in forest restoration management and technology. In: Katila P, Colfer CPJ, de Jong W. (Eds.) Restoring forests and trees for sustainable development - Policies, practices, impacts and ways forward. Oxford University Press (in press).

Aldea J, Dahlgren J, Holmström E, Löf M. 2024. Current and future drought vulnerability for three dominant boreal tree species. Global Change Biology 30, e17079. 

Schmeddes J, Muffler L, Weigel R et al. 2024. High phenotypic variation in the progeny of every individual of the dominant temperate forest tree Fagus sylvatica regardless of environment or source population. Global Ecology and Biogeography 33, 470–481.

Robinson DG, Ammer C, Polle A et al. 2024. Mother trees, altruistic fungi, and the perils of plant personification. Trends in Plant Science 29, 20-31.

Villalobos A, Schlyter F, Dekker T et al. 2023. Predator odor can reduce acorn removal by granivorous rodents in mixed oak forest stands. Fore Ecol Manage 548, 121411.

Mataruga M, Cvjetković B, De Cuyper B et al. 2023. Monitoring and control of forest seedling quality in Europe. For Ecol Manage 546, 121308.

Osei R, del Rio M, Ruiz-Peinado R et al. 2023. Climatic water availability modifies tree functional diversity effects on soil organic carbon storage in European forests. Europ J For Res 142, 1099-1111.

Pretzsch H, Heym M, Hilmers T et al. 2023. Mortality reduces overyielding in mixed Scots pine and European beech stands along a precipitation gradient in Europe. For Ecol Manage 539, 121008.

Löf M, Sandell Festin E, Szydlo M et al. 2023. Restoring mixed forests through conversion of Norway spruce stands: Effects of fencing and mechanical site preparation on performance of planted beech and natural tree regeneration. Europ J For Res 142, 763–772.

Vospernik S, Heym M, Pretzsch H et al. 2023. Tree species growth response to climate in mixtures of Quercus robur/Quercus petraea and Pinus sylvestris across Europe - a dynamic, sensitive equilibrium. For Ecol Manage 530, 120753.

Svensson C, Bader M K-F, Löf M et al. 2023. Fertilisation and irrigation have no effects on growth of oak ( Quercus robur, Q. petraea) stands on abandoned farmland in southwest Sweden. For Ecol Manage 529, 120700.

Raymond P, Löf M, Comeau P et al. 2023. Chapter 15 – Silviculture of Mixed Species and Structurally Complex Boreal Stands. In Boreal Forests in the Face of Climate Change. Advances in Global Change Research 74. Montoro GM, Morin H, Gauthier S. (Eds). Springer Nature, Switzerland. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-15988-6 15.

Aldea J, Ruiz-Peinado R, del Rio M et al. 2022. Timing and duration of drought modulate tree growth response in pure and mixed stands of Scots pine and Norway spruce. J Ecol 10, 2673–2683.

del Rio M, Pretzsch H, Ruiz-Peinado R et al. 2022. Emerging stability of forest productivity by mixing two species buffers temperature destabilizing effect. J Appl Ecol 59, 2730–2741.

Pretzsch H, Bravo-Oviedo A, Hilmers T et al. 2022. With Increasing Site Quality Asymmetric Competition and Mortality Reduces Scots Pine (Pinus Sylvestris L.) Stand Structuring Across Europe. For Ecol Manage 520, 120365.

de Streel G, Lebourgeois F, Ammer C et al. 2022. Regional climate moderately influences species-mixing effect on tree growth-climate relationships and drought resistance for beech and pine across Europe. For Ecol Manage 520, 120317.

Witzell J, Romeralo C, Aldea J, Löf M. 2022. Part 2, Chapter 3. Forest diversity and productivity: Implications for forest health in future climates. In Forest Microbiology - Forest Tree Health, Volume 2. Asiegbu FO, Kovalchuk A (Eds.). Elsevier, ISBN 978-0.323-85042-1.

Osei R, del Rio M, Ruiz-Peinado et al. 2022. The distribution of carbon stocks between tree woody biomass and soil differs between Scots pine and broadleaved species (beech, oak) in European forests. Europ J For Res 141, 467-480.

Villalobos A, Schlyter F, Birgersson G et al. 2022. Fear effects on bank voles (Rodentia: Arvicolinae): Testing for repellent candidates from predator volatiles. Pest Management Science 78, 1677–1685.

Annighöfer P, Mund M, Seidel D et al. 2022. Examination of aboveground attributes to predict belowground biomass of young trees. For Ecol Manage 505, 119942.

Felton A, Felton AM, Wam HK et al. 2022. Forest biodiversity and ecosystem services from spruce-birch mixtures: The potential importance of tree spatial arrangement. Environmental Challanges 6, 100407.

Leverkus AB, Levy L, Andivia E et al. 2021. Restoring oak forests through direct seeding or planting: Protocol for a continental-scale experiment. PLOS ONE 16, e0259552.

Girdziušas S, Löf M, Hanssen KH et al. 2021. Forest regeneration management and policy in the Nordic-Baltic region since 1900. Scand J For Res 36, 513-523.

Castro J, Morales-Rueda F, Navarro FB et al. 2021. Precision restoration: A necessary approach to foster forest recovery in the 21st century. Restor Ecol 29, e13421.

Muffler L, Schmeddes J, Weigel R et al. 2021. High plasticity in germination and establishment success in the dominant forest tree Fagus sylvatica across Europe. Global Ecology and Biogeography 30, 1583-1596.

del Rio M, Löf M, Bravo-Oviedo A et al. 2021. Understanding the complexity of mixed forest functioning and management: Advances and perspectives. For Ecol Manage 489, 119138.

Löf M, Barrere J, Engman M et al. 2021. The influence of fencing on seedling establishment during reforestation of oak stands: A comparison of artificial and natural regeneration techniques including costs. Europ J For Res 140, 807-817.

Barrere J, Petersson LK, Boulanger V et al. 2021. Canopy openness and exclusion of wild ungulates act synergistically to improve oak natural regeneration. For Ecol Manage 487, 118976.

Ruiz-Peinado R, Pretzsch H, Löf M et al. 2021. Mixing effects on Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) productivity along a climatic gradient across Europe. For Ecol Manage 482, 118834.

Engel M, Vospernik S, Toïgo M et al. 2021. Simulating the effects of thinning and species mixing on stands of oak (Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl. / Quercus robur L.) and pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) across Europe. Ecol Model 442, 109406.

Osei R, Titeux H, Bielak K et al. 2021. Tree species identity drives soil organic carbon storage more than species mixing in major two-species mixtures (pine, oak, beech) in Europe.  For Ecol Manage 481, 118752.

Aldea J, Ruiz-Peinado R, del Rio M et al. 2021. Species stratification and weather conditions drive tree growth in Scots pine and Norway spruce mixed stands along Europe. For Ecol Manage 481, 118697.

Villalobos A, Schlyter F, Olsson G et al. 2020. Direct seeding for restoration of mixed oak forests: Influence of distance to forest edge, predator-derived repellent and acorn size on seed removal by granivorous rodents. For Ecol Manage 477, 118484.

Petersson LK, Dey DC, Felton AM et al. 2020. Influence of canopy openness, ungulate exclosure, and low-intensity fire for improved oak regeneration in temperate Europe. Ecology and Evolution 10, 2626–2637.

Petersson LK, Löf M, Jensen AM et al. 2020. Sprouts of shoot-clipped oak (Quercus alba and Q. robur) germinants show morphological and photosynthetic acclimation to contrasting light environments. New Forests 51, 817-834.

Pretzsch H, Steckel M, Heym M. et al. 2020. Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe. Europ J For Res 139, 349-367.

De Steel G, Collet C, Barbeito I. et al. 2020. Contrasting patterns of tree species mixture effects on wood δ13C along an environmental gradient. Europ J For Res 139, 229-245.

Engman M, Schlyter F, Koteja P et al. 2020. Towards streamlined bank vole odor preference evaluation using Y-mazes. Mammal Research 65, 1-9.

Nordén B, Rørstad P-K, Magnér J et al. 2019. The economy of selective cutting in recent mixed stands during restoration of temperate deciduous forest. Scand J for Res 34, 709-717. 

Löf M, Castro J, Engman M et al. 2019. Tamm review: Direct seeding to restore oak (Quercus spp.) forests and woodlands. For Ecol Manage 448, 474-489.

Bravo F, Fabrika M, Ammer C et al. 2019. Modelling approaches for mixed forests dynamics prognosis. Research gaps and opportunities. Forest Systems 28, eR002.

Taeroe A, de Koning JHC, Löf M et al. 2019. Recovery of temperate and boreal forests after windthrow and the impacts of salvage logging.  A quantitative review. For Ecol Manage 446, 304-316.

Petersson LK, Milberg P, Bergstedt J et al. 2019. Changing land use and increasing abundance of deer cause natural regeneration failure of oaks: six decades of landscape-scale evidence. For Ecol Manage 444, 299-307.

Löf M, Madsen P, Metslaid M et al. 2019. Restoring forests: regeneration and ecosystem function for the future. New Forests 50, 139-151.

Villalobos A, Olsson G, Birkedal M et al. 2019. The effects of four repellents on bank vole consumption and germination of beech nuts and acorns. New Forests 50, 241-254.

Löf M, Ammer C, Coll L et al. 2018. Regeneration patterns in mixed-species stands. In: Dynamics, silviculture and management of mixed forests (Bravo-Oviedo A, Pretzsch H, del Rio M Eds.), Chapter 4, p 103-130, Springer International Publishing. 

Pach M, Sansone D, Ponette Q et al. 2018. Silviculture of mixed forests: An European overview of current practices and challanges. In: Dynamics, silviculture and management of mixed forests (Bravo-Oviedo A, Pretzsch H, del Rio M Eds.), Chapter 6, p 185-253, Springer International Publishing.

Mason B, Löf M, Pach M el al. 2018. The development of silvicultural guidelines for creating mixed forests. In: Dynamics, silviculture and management of mixed forests (Bravo-Oviedo A, Pretzsch H, del Rio M Eds.), Chapter 7, p 255-270, Springer International Publishing. 

Drössler L, Agestam E, Bielak K et al. 2018. Over- and Underyielding in Time and Space in Experiments with Mixed Stands of Scots Pine and Norway Spruce. Forests 9, 495.

McCarthy R, Löf M, Gardiner ES. 2018. Early root development of poplars (Populus spp.) in relation to moist and saturated soil conditions. Scand J For Res 33, 125-132. 

Forrester D, Ammer Ch, Annighöfer PJ et al. 2018. Effects of crown architecture and stand structure on light absorption in mixed and monospecific Fagus sylvatica and Pinus sylvestris forests along a productivity and climate gradient through Europe. J Ecol. 106, 746-760. 

Filyushkina A, Strange N, Löf M et al. 2018. Applying the Delphi method to assess impacts of forest management on biodiversity and habitat preservation. For Ecol Manage 409, 179-189.

Coll L, Ameztegui A, Collet C et al. 2018. Knowledge gaps about mixed forests: what do European forest managers want to know and what answers can science provide? For Ecol Manage 407, 106-115.

Barbeito I, Dassot M, Bayer D et al. 2017. Terrestrial laser scanning reveals differences in crown structure of Fagus sylvatica in mixed vs. pure European forests. For Ecol Manage 405: 381-390.

Forrester D, Ammer Ch, Annighöfer PJ et al. 2017. Predicting the spatial and temporal dynamics of species interactions in Fagus sylvatica and Pinus sylvestris forests across Europe. For Ecol Manage 405: 112-133.

Heym M, Ruíz-Peinado R, del Río M et al. 2017. EuMIXFOR empirical forest mensuration and ring width data from pure and mixed stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) through Europe. Ann For Sci 74: 63.

Del Río, Bravo-Oviedo A, Pretzsch H et al. 2017. A review of thinning effects on Scots pine stands: From growth and yield to new challenges under global change. Forest Systems, Vol 26 (2) eR03S.

Jensen A M, Löf M. 2017. Effects of interspecific competition from surrounding vegetation on mortality, growth and stem development in young oaks (Quercus robur). For Ecol Manage 392: 176-183.

Del Rio M, Pretzsch H, Ruiz-Peinado R et al. 2017. Species interactions increase the temporal stability of community productivity in Pinus sylvestris-Fagus sylvatica mixtures across Europe.  J Ecol 105: 1032-1043. 

Rytter L, Ingerslev M, Kilpeläinen A  et al. 2016. Increased forest biomass production in the Nordic and Baltic countries – a review on current and future opportunities. Silva Fennica 50: id 1660.

Pretzsch H, del Río M, Schütze G, et al. 2016. Mixing of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) enhances structural heterogeneity, and the effect increases with water availability. For Ecol Manage 373: 149-166

Felton A, Hedwall PO, Lindbladh M et al. 2016. Biodiversity contribution of wood plantations: Contrasting the bird communities of Sweden’s protected and production oak forests. For Ecol Manage 365: 51–60

Annighöfer P, Ameztegui A, Ammer C et al. 2016. Species-specific and generic biomass equations for seedlings and saplings of European tree species Europ J For Res 135: 313.

Löf M, Ersson BT, Hjälten J et al. 2016. Site Preparation Techniques for Forest Restoration. Chapter 5, p 85-102. Stanturf JA (Ed.): Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, 2d edition. CRC Press.

Löf M, Brunet J, Filyushkina A et al. 2016. Management of oak forests: Striking a balance between timber production, biodiversity and cultural services. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management 12: 59-73.

Filyushkina A, Strange N, Löf M et al. 2016. Non-market forest ecosystem services and decision support in Nordic countries. Scand J For Res 31: 99-110.

Leonardsson J, Löf M, Götmark F. 2015. Exclosures can favour natural regeneration of oak after conservation-oriented thinning in mixed forests in Sweden: A 10-year study. For Ecol Manage 354: 1–9

Pretzsch H, del Rio M, Ammer C et al. 2015. Growth and yield of mixed versus pure stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe. Europ J For Res 134:927–947

Löf M, Bolte A, Jacobs DF et al. 2014. Nurse Trees as a Forest Restoration Tool for Mixed Plantations: Effects on Competing Vegetation and Performance in Target Tree Species. Restor Ecol 22: 758-765.

Bravo-Oviedo A, Pretzsch H, Ammer C et al. 2014. European Mixed Forests: definition and research perspectives. Forest Systems 23: 518-533

Gauthier M-M, Zellers K E, Löf M et al. 2013. Inter- and intra-specific competitiveness of plantation-grown American chestnut (Castanea dentata). For Ecol Manage 291: 289-299.

Jensen A M, Götmark F, Löf M. 2012. Shrubs protect oak seedlings against ungulate browsing in temperate broadleaved forests of conservation interest: A field experiment. For Ecol Manage 266: 187-193.

Jensen A M, Löf M, Witzell J. 2012. Effects of competition and indirect facilitation by shrubs on Quercus robur saplings. Plant Ecol 213: 535-543.

Löf M, Dey DC, Navarro RM et al. 2012. Mechanical site preparation for forest restoration. New Forests 43: 825-848.

Richnau G, Wiström B, Busse Nielsen et al. 2012. Creation of multi-layered canopy structures in young oak-dominated urban woodlands – the 'ecological approach' revisited. Urban For & Urban Green 11: 147-158.

Löf M, Brunet J, Hickler T, et al. 2012. Restoring broadleaved forests in southern Sweden as climate changes. p 373-391. Stanturf JA, Madsen P, Lamb D (Eds.): A Goal-Oriented Approach to Forest Landscape Restoration. World forests XVI, Springer, Berlin.

Ammer C, Balandier P, Scott-Bentsen N. et al. 2011. Forest vegetation management under debate – an introduction. Europ J For Res 130: 1-5.

Jensen A M, Löf M, Gardiner E S. 2011. Effects of above- and below-ground competition from shrubs on photosynthesis, transpiration and growth in Quercus robur L. Environ Exp Bot 71: 367–375

Birkedal M, Löf M, Olsson GE, et al. 2010. Effects of granivorous rodents on direct seeding of oak and beech in relation to site preparation and sowing date. For.Ecol.Manage. 259: 2382-2389.

Bolte A, Löf M. 2010. Root spatial distribution and biomass partitioning in Q. robur L. seedlings: The effect of mounding site preparation. Europ J For Res 129: 603-612.

Hannerz M, Boje L, Löf M. 2010. Internet as a tool for knowledge-building among private forest owners in Sweden. Ecol Bull 53: 225-234.

Löf M, Bergquist J, Brunet J, et al. 2010. Conversion of Norway spruce stands to broadleaved woodlands – regeneration systems, fencing and performance of planted seedlings. Ecol Bull 53: 165-173.

Löf M, Boman, M., Brunet, J. et al. 2010. Broadleaved forest management for multiple goals in southern Sweden – an overview including future research prospects. Ecol Bull 53: 235-245.

Bergquist J, Löf M, Örlander G. 2009. Effects of roe deer browsing and site preparation on performance of planted broadleaved and conifer seedlings when using temporary fences. Scand J For Res 24:308-317.

Birkedal M, Fisher A, Karlsson M, et al. 2009. Rodent impact on establishment of direct seeded beech and oak on forest land. Scand J For Res 24:298-307.

Bolte A, Ammer C, Löf M, et al. 2010. Adaptive forest management – a prerequisite of sustainable forestry in the face of climate change. p 115- 139. Spathelf P (Ed.): Sustainable forest management in a changing world: European perspective. Managing forest ecosystems 19. Springer, Berlin.

Bolte A, Ammer C, Löf M, et al. 2009. Adaptive forest management in Central Europe – climate change, strategies and integrative concept. Scand J For Res 24: 473-482.

Gardiner ES, Löf M, O´Brien JJ, et al. 2009. Photosynthetic characteristics of European beech and Pedunculate oak for stand conversion from Norway spruce. For Ecol Manage 258:868-878.

Löf M, Birkedal M. 2009. Direct seeding of Q. robur L. for reforestation: The influence of mechanical site preparation and sowing date on early growth of seedlings. For Ecol Manage 258:704-711.

Löf M, Welander NT. 2009. Estimating sap flow from stem heat balances in Q. robur L. seedlings in relation to light intensity: A comparison of two methods during the establishment phase. Ann For Sci 66:501.

Löf M, Welander NT. 2009. Feeding by short-snouted weevils on seedlings of seven tree species planted beneath Norway spruce at different stand densities. Agric For Entomol 11:101-105.

Löf M, Karlsson M, Sonesson K, et al. 2007. Growth and mortality in underplanted tree seedlings in response to variation in canopy closure of Norway spruce stands. Forestry 30: 371-383.

Löf M, Rydberg D, Bolte A. 2006. Mounding site preparation for forest restoration: Survival and  short term growth response in Quercus robur L. seedlings. For Ecol Manage 232: 19-25.

Collet C, Löf M, Pagès L. 2006. Competition-induced changes in the root development of oak seedlings analyzed using a root architectural model. Plant and Soil 279: 367-383.

Löf M, Bolte A, Welander NT. 2005. Interacting effects of irradiance and water stress on dry weight and biomass partitioning in Fagus sylvatica L. seedlings. Scand J For Res 20: 322-328.

Madsen P, Löf M. 2005. Reforestation in southern Scandinavia using direct seeding of oak (Quercus robur L.) Forestry 78: 55-64.

Löf M, Paulsson R, Rydberg D, Welander NT. 2005. The influence of different overstory removal on planted spruce and several broadleaved tree species: Survival, growth and pine weevil damage during three years. Ann For Sci 62: 237-244. 

Löf M, Welander NT. 2004. Influence of herbaceous competitors on early growth in direct seeded Fagus sylvatica L. and Quercus robur L. Ann For Sci 61: 781-788.

Löf M, Isacsson G, Rydberg D, Welander NT. 2004. Herbivory by the pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) and short-snouted weevils (Strophosoma melanogrammum Forst. and Otiorhynchus scaber L.) during the conversion of a wind-thrown Norway spruce forest into a mixed-species plantation. For Ecol Manage 190: 281-290.

Löf M, Thomsen A, Madsen P. 2004. Sowing and transplanting of broadleaves (Fagus sylvatica L., Quercus robur L., Prunus avium L. and Crataegus monogyna Jacq.) for afforestation of farmland. For Ecol Manage 188: 113-123.

Lüpke von B, Ammer C, Bruciamacchie M, et al. 2004. Chapter 5. Silvicultural strategies for conversion. In: Spiecker H, Hansen J, Klimo E, et al. (Eds.): Norway spruce conversion – Options and Consequences. EFI Reseach Report 18, Brill Academic Publishers, Leiden, Boston. p 121-164.

Gardiner ES, Hahn K, Löf M. (Eds.) 2003. Forest restoration in temperate and boreal zones: Introduction. Forestry 76: 125-126. 

Löf M, Welander NT. 2000. Carry-over effects on growth and transpiration in Fagus sylvatica L. seedlings after drought at various stages of development. Can J For Res 30: 465-475.

Löf M. 2000. Establishment and growth in seedlings of Fagus sylvatica and Quercus robur: Influence of interference from herbaceous vegetation. Can J For Res 30: 855-864.

Löf M. 2000. Influence of patch scarification and insect herbivory on growth and survival in Fagus sylvatica L., Picea abies L. Karst. and Quercus robur L. seedlings following a Norway spruce forest. For Ecol Manage 134: 111-123.

Löf M, Nilsson U, Gemmel P et al. 1998. The influence of site preparation on growth in Quercus robur L. seedlings in a southern Sweden clear-cut and shelterwood. For Ecol Manage 109: 241-249.

Nilsson U, Gemmel P, Löf M, et al. 1996. Germination and early growth of sown Quercus robur L. in relation to soil preparation, sowing depth and prevention against predation. New Forests 12: 69-86.

Other scientific publications

Löf M. 2024. MILJONREGN TILL ÄDELLÖVSKOG 2: Skötsel och etablering av olikåldrig blandädellövskog. Ekbladet 39, 26-27.

Aldea J, Barbeito I, Holmström E, Löf M. 2020. Program and Book of Abstracts of the cancelled IUFRO conference Mixed species forests: Risks, resilience and management. Lund, Sweden 25-27 March 2020. Report 54. Swedish University of Agricultural sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Alnarp.

Löf M. 2019. Forskning på ädellövskog i Sverige. In Thörnqvist T (Ed.), Eken och andra lövträd: Ekfrämjandet 75 år 1944-2019 (pp. 133-141), Ekfrämjandet.

Löf M, Dimitriou I, Nordfjell T et al. 2018. Sweden. In A. Unrau A, Becker G, Spinelli R et al. (Eds.), Coppice Forests in Europe (pp. 337-341). Freiburg i. Br., Germany: Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg.

Rytter L, Löf M. 2017. Skogsbruk med förkultur - ett sätt att tillföra mer virke och kvalitet? Fakta Skog 10/2017. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (Forestry with nurse trees - a way to supply more wood and quality?).

Löf M. 2017. Program and Book of Abstracts of the IUFRO 3rd Restoring Forest: Regeneration and Ecosystem Function for the Future. Lund, Sweden 12-14 September 2017. Report 51, 109 pp. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre, Alnarp. ISBN 978-91-576-9517-8.

Bentsen NC, Nord-Larsen T, Larsen S et al. 2016. RE: Forest and forest management plays a key role in mitigating climate change. Science, E-letter. February.

Löf M. 2015. Forest restoration and the forests of the future. In Jönsson G, Johannesson T (Eds.), Forests and mankind – the relationship must be made sustainable, p 19-23. Pufendorf Institute of Advanced Studies, Lund University, MediaTryck. ISBN 978-91-979893-7-4.

Löf M, Møller-Madsen E, Rytter L. 2015. Skötsel av ädellövskog. Skogsskötelserien, Skogsstyrelsens förlag, Jönköping. 71 pp. (Silviculture of temperate broadleaved forests).

Löf M. 2014. Lövskog för framtiden. Slutrapport 2014. Rapport 50. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för Sydsvensk skogsvetenskap, Alnarp. 33 pp, ISBN 978-91-576-8202-4 (Broadleaved forests for the future. Final report 2014). 

Ebenhard T, Dahlström A, Emanuelsson U. et al. 2013. Lågskogsbruk – biobränsleproduktion i samklang med miljömål. Centrum för biologisk mångfald, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Uppsala. 115 pp (Coppice forestry – bioenergy production in harmony with environmental goals).

Löf M, Rytter L. 2013. ENERWOODS – ett nytt samnordiskt projekt om skog och energi. Fakta Skog 5/2013. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (ENERWOODS – a new nordic project about forest and energy).

Brunet J, Löf M, Andreasson A et al. 2010. Bruka och bevara ädellövskogen – en guide för målklassning och skötsel för kombinerade mål. CBM:s skriftserie 41, 80 pp. ISBN: 978-91-89232-53-2 (Management of temperate broadleaves – an illustrated guide for multiple use).

Löf M. 2010. Uthålligt skogsbruk i ädellövskog: Slutrapport för ädellövprogrammet 2003-2009. Rapport 42. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för Sydsvensk skogsvetenskap, Alnarp. 88 pp, ISBN 978-91-86197-69-8 (Sustainable management in hardwood forests: Final report from the research program 2003-2009).

Löf M, Hallsby G, Högberg K-A. et al. 2009. Chapter 17, Sweden. p 139-144. In: Willoughby, I., Balandier, P., Scott-Bentsen, N., McCarthy, N., Claridge, J. (Eds.):  Forest vegetation management in Europe: current practice and future requirements. Cost Office, Brussels.

Karlsson M, Hannerz M, Löf M et al. 2009. Bättre lönsamhet med nya skötselformer i bokskogen. Fakta Skog 14/2009. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (Better economy with new silvicultural methods in the beech forests).

Löf M, Madsen P, Stanturf JA. 2008. Restaurering av sydsvensk lövskog – några tankar kring ett nytt skötselkoncept. Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 102, 43-51. (Restoration of broadleaved forests in southern Sweden – some thoughts about a new management concept).

Löf M, Bergquist J, Welander T. 2007. Plantering av ädellövskog – erfarenheter av anpassad skogsskötsel efter stormfälld gran. Fakta Skog 14/2007. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (Planting of temperate broadleaves – experiences of adapted silviculture after storm-felled Norway spruce).

Löf M. 2007. Skoglig restaurering – vad är det? Fakta Skog 6/2007. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala. (Forest restoration – what is it?).

Löf M, Ihse M (Eds.) 2006. Ädellövskog för framtiden. Kungl. Skogs- och Lantbruksakademiens Tidskrift 145 (5), 50 pp, ISBN 91-85205-37-0. (Temperate broadleaved forests for the future). 

Welander T, Fredriksson G, Rydberg D, Löf M. 2006. Överföring av gran till blandad ädellövskog.  Rapport 31. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för Sydsvensk skogsvetenskap, Alnarp. 30 pp, ISBN 91-576-7191-5 (Conversion of Norway spruce to mixed broadleaved forests).

Oleskog G, Löf M (Eds.). 2005. The ecological and silvicultural bases for underplanting beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) below Norway spruce shelterwoods (Picea abies L. Karst.). Schriften aus der Forstlichen Fakultät der Universität Göttingen und der Niedersächsischen Forstlichen Versuchsanstalt, Band 139. J.D. Saurländer’s Verlag, Frankfurt am Main. 94 pp, ISBN 3-7939-5139-1.

Löf M, Oleskog, G. 2005. Underplantering med bok under skärmar av gran: Ekologi och skogsskötsel. Rapport 25. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för Sydsvensk skogsvetenskap, Alnarp. 18 pp (Underplanting of beech beneath shelterwoods of Norway spruce: Ecology and silviculture).

Löf M. 2003. Uthålligt skogsbruk i ädellövskog. Fakta Skog 12/2003. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (Sustainable management in hardwood forests).

Madsen P, Aradüttir ÁL, Gardiner E et al. 2002. Forest restoration in the Nordic countries. p 120-125. In: Holland, MJ, Warren ML Jr, Stanturf JA (Eds.): Proceedings from the conference on sustainability of wetlands and water resources, 23-25 May 2000, Oxford, Mississippi. U.S.D.A., Forest Service, Southern Research Station. General Technical Report SRS-50. 

Löf M. 2001. Uthålligt skogsbruk i ädellövskog: Förslag till forskning och utveckling. Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Skogsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Rapport 19, 88 pp, Uppsala, ISBN 91-576-6119-7 (Sustainable management in hardwood forests: Proposal for research and development).

Löf M. 1999. Environmental stress on establishment and growth in Fagus sylvatica L. and Quercus robur L. seedlings. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, Silvestria 91, 26 pp, Doctoral thesis, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp.

Löf M. Karlsson M, Welander T. 1999. Från gran till ädellövskog – långsiktig strategi nödvändig för föryngring. Fakta Skog 13/1999. SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (From spruce to temperate broadleaves – a long term strategy needed for regeneration).

Löf M. 1998. Ek- och boksådd på skogsmark – ett alternativ till plantering? Fakta Skog 15/1998.  SLU publikationstjänst, Uppsala (Direct seeding of oak and beech on forest land – an alternative to planting?).

Löf M, Møller-Madsen E. 1997. Ekskog till lågpris! Skog&Forskning nr 2, p 46-50 (Oak forests at low costs!).

Löf M. 1993. Relationen mellan miljörörelsen och skogsbolagen 1970-1993. Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen för skogsekonomi. Arbetsrapport 176, 52 pp (The relationship between the environmental movement and the forest industry 1970-1993).