Preliminary results from the baseline survey showed overall poor wellbeing and households facing a number of internal and external challenges. However, this overall picture hides large differences between sites for many household characteristics and livelihoods, especially the West Pokot part of the sample is different from the other three locations.
Livelihoods varied substantially between study sites. Only Turkana households relied mainly on livestock, West Pokot households predominantly on both livestock and crop prodcution, while in Moroto, many had income from other activities such as selling products or working in mines.
Many households reported having faced various crises in the last six months, such as deaths or diseases of livestock (70 and 73%, respectively), drop in sales prices (42%) or productivity loss (41%). Reports of livestock raids were very common in Moroto (93%) and insecurity due to violent conflicts (82%), but less prevalent or absent in the other locations. Furthermore, harvest reductions (70%), lack of food (58%) and water shortage (31%) were named as challenges, partly with large differences between locations.
Furthermore, conflicts within and between communities were more often named in Moroto than in the other locations. Less than half of men and women reported intrafamily conflicts, but here, too, reports differed between locations and partly also between male and female respondents of the same household.
During the interviews, in each household one child aged 6-59 months and the caretaking female were measured (height, weight, upper arm circumference) to determine their level of malnutrition.
We found malnutrition of young children being widespread, highest in the pastoral locations (Moroto and Turkana) where about 40% of measured children were undernurished or at risk, and lowest in the agro-pastoral locations (27% in Napak and 21% in West Pokot).
Malnutrition among women was even higher in all locations, especially in Turkana, where 76% were malnourished.