Restoration ecology

Last changed: 04 May 2020

The importance of ecological restoration has increased in recent years as a consequence of the severe loss of biodiversity and key ecosystem functions and services occurring in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem due to intensive land use. Accordingly, a commitment to restore at least 15% of degraded forest ecosystems was established at the Aichi Convention on Biological Diversity 2010 and echoed in the EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020. Research in the subject area restoration ecology is therefore critically needed to fulfil national and international objectives with regard to biodiversity conservation

The research in the subject area Restoration Ecology is focused on conservation and restoration of biodiversity on habitat and landscape scale. The research is both basic and applied. We study the ecology of individual species, population and communities of organisms in terrestrial and aquatic environments and how they are affected by past, current and future land use (e.g. forestry, stream channelization and damming). We research to find ways to mitigate negative effects of land use on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the forest landscape and to develop methods for restoration of biodiversity values.

Our research is often based on large-scale, long-term field experiments. However, our work is also conceptual and multidisciplinary and we apply different modelling tools to predict long-term effect of different types of forest management and landscape restoration strategies. Our results are highly relevant for functional green infrastructure, provisioning of ecosystem services, and biodiversity offsets related to, e.g., mining and other large-scale land-use developments.  

We endeavor towards promoting high-quality science and its direct applications for society both nationally and internationally. To achieve the latter, we closely collaborate with the industry, governmental agencies, NGOs, global environmental organizations, and other universities in Sweden and abroad. Our knowledge is highly demanded from a range of societal and sector actors.


Joakim Hjältén, Professor (deputy chair), contact person for the subject area restoration ecology
Biodiversity conservation, restoration ecology, biodiversity offset and sustainable use in forest ecosystems. Insect ecology, plant-animal interactions and chemical ecology.

Petter Axelsson, Assistant professor
Anthropogenic drivers of genetic loss and community and ecosystem level consequences. Genetic approaches in forest restoration. Plant-animal interactions.

Adriaan de Jong, Assistant professor
Ornithology. Ecology, planning and evaluation of restoration and mitigation. Monitoring. Behavioural and movement ecology. Genetics. Telemetry.

Mats Dynesius, Researcher
Biodiversity, conservation biology, land-use effects, resilience, boreal forest restoration, dispersal ecology, deadwood ecology, climate oscillations and evolution, lineage persistence and speciation

Anne-Maarit Hekkala, Postdoc
Restoration ecology, disturbance dynamics and biodiversity conservation in forest ecosystems. Specialty in deadwood dynamics, deadwood-dependent insects and fungi, and bark beetles.

Anouschka Hof, Assistant professor
Biodiversity conservation, climate change ecology, biogeography.

Andreas Karlsson-Tiselius, Postdoc
Colonization and island biogeography in bryophytes, restoration ecology, multivariate statistical methods

Therese Löfroth, Associate professor
Biodiversity conservation, Restoration and ecological compensation, Fire ecology, Wood ant ecology and conservation, forest invertebrate ecology and land use change

Roger Mugerwa Pettersson, Associate professor
Community ecology, conservation biology and restoration of habitats for forest insects.

Jörgen Olsson, Assistant professor
Conservation biology, restoration ecology, plant ecology, ecology and taxonomy of wood fungi

Jean-Michel Roberge, Associate professor
Restoration ecology, environmental compensation, landscape modeling, animal ecology, ornithology, biodiversity conservation with focus on forest environments

Jörgen Rudolphi, Associate professor
Biodiversity conservation ecology, Forest ecology, Plant ecology, Bryology

John Senior, Postdoc
Effects of genetic variation in forest trees on soil communities, ecosystem processes and tree performance. Forest restoration. Plant community response to global change

Johan Svensson, Assistant professor
Landscape ecology and planning, green infrastructure, ecosystem services, environmental biodiversity and land-use monitoring, adaptive monitoring, international sustainability and conservation policy development

Martijn Versluijs, PhD-student
Behavioral, foraging and population ecology within the field of Ornithology. Conservation biology, restoration ecology and community ecology

Miguel Montoro Girona, Postdoc

Sustainable forest management, Forest ecology, Landscape modeling applied to restoration ecology, Silviculture, Natural disturbances, Biodiversity conservation ecology, Climate change, Paleoecology and Dendroecology.

Emelie Fredriksson PhD-student

Biodiversity conservation, insect ecology, wildfire, ecological compensation with fire, sustainable forest management, synergistic effects between forest fire and browsing damage.

External collaborators

Thomas Whitham NAU, USA

Timothy Work; UQAM, Canada

Heloise Gibb, LaTrobe University, Australia

Klara Joelsson, Södra

Christer Nilsson Umeå University, Sweden

David Mladenoff; University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

Caren Dymond; Government of British Columbia, Victoria, Canada

Genoveva Rodríguez-Castañeda; University of Texas, Austin, USA

Roland Jansson; Umeå University, Sweden

Andrew Allen; Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands

Anders Dahlberg, SLU, Sweden

Märtha Wallgren, Skogforsk, Sweden

Prof Brad Potts – University of Tasmania, Australia

Dr Julianne O’Reilly-Wapstra – University of Tasmania, Australia

Prof Noel Davies – University of Tasmania, Australia

Dr Morag Glen – Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture, Australia

Dr Andrew Bissett – Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Australia

Assoc Prof Jen Schweitzer – University of Tennessee, USA

Assoc Prof Joe Bailey – University of Tennessee, USA

Dr Rachel Wooliver - University of Tennessee, USA

Prof. Bengt.Gunnar Jonsson, MidSweden University, Sweden

Assoc. professor Grzegorz Mikusinski, SLU, Sweden

Assist. Professor Mark Johnston, Saskatchewan Research Council, Canada


Example of projects (links)

Collaboration and Funding

Hosting forest companies: Holmen skog, SCA, Sveaskog, Bergvik skog and Boliden AB.

Funding agencies: Formas, Future Forest, the Kempe Fundation, Swedish Energy Agency, Vinnova, Lilla fonden, The Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry, The Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Centre for Environmental Research in Umeå, Lammska Stiftelsen, Carl Tryggers Stiftelse and Magnus Bergvalls Stiftelse, Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.