Carole Crumley

Carole Crumley
Carole L. Crumley is Visiting Professor at the Swedish Biodiversity Centre since 1 March 2012.


Carole Crumley is a founding scientist in the area of historical ecology and has written the first text book in this subject (Crumley, C L, (ed)(1994) istorical Ecology: Cultural Knowledge and Changing Landscapes. Santa Fe: School of American Research.)


(For a more detailed CV, please see the end of this webpage, under "Links")

Carole Crumley’s special areas of interest are epistemology of complex adaptive systems, especially as regards human societies; "Two Cultures"  (science/humanities) problems in inter- and transdisciplinary research; integrated global-to local-scale historical ecology; historical climate change; evolution of landscapes; social inequality; social memory; geomatics (e.g., GIS, RS) applications in anthropology, ecology, and planning.

Her research interests focus on Western Europe, where she directs a long-running research project (1975-present), that has been pursued with colleagues and her students, in Burgundy, France.  The research traces the history of agriculture and industry in a key European region over a three thousand year period, using archaeology, historical documents and maps, ethnography,and environmental data in a GIS database.  The project’s ethnographic component is large, and is focused on the practice of contemporary agro-pastoralism in the contexts of a rapidly changing global market and a complex regulatory environment (e.g., the EU Common Agricultural Policy, French regulations).

Carole Crumley is also Executive Director of the international project Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE), which uses a complex systems framework and the tools of historical ecology to integrate knowledge of past human societies with knowledge of past biophysical conditions.  This integrated analysis enables modeling old-and-new possibilities for a sustainable planetary and human future.  IHOPE is a global network of researchers and research projects; its International Program Office (IPO) is based at Uppsala University in Sweden.


Professor (emerita), Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 301 Alumni Building, Chapel Hill, N. C. 27599-3115 USA.

Visiting Professor, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History Research Director, Integrated History and Future of People on Earth (IHOPE) Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Visiting Professor, Swedish Biodiversity Centre Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Uppsala, Sweden.