Massimiliano Cardinale

Massimiliano Cardinale
Associate Professor in Marine Ecology


Prof. Cardinale has a very wide educational curriculum being holder of a Master in Biological Science as well as a PhD in Marine Ecology. 

Prof. Cardinale has an excellent experience in marine fisheries stock assessment and management and international cooperation in the fisheries ecology sector, having more than 25 years of professional experience in the field of fisheries biology and ecology and more than 20 years of professional experience in the field of management of fisheries at national regional and global levels.

Particularly significant is his 25 years’ experience as the Swedish National Board of Fisheries and Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences as senior scientist in charge for the assessment of the most important stocks of both the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. His activity includes statistical analysis, stock assessment, modelling, data managing, and otolith science. Also quite significant is his 10 years experience within the fisheries ecology sector in Asia and in Africa under different SIDA projects. He is also member of the IOTC (Indian Ocean Tuna Commission) since 2015.

He is currently a nominated member of ACOM (under ICES) and he has been STECF vice-chair (under DG-MARE at EU commission) committees for fisheries and marine resource management from 2002 to 2018. He has participated in more than 100 different working groups under ICES and more than 50 working groups under DG MARE. He has been chairman of more than 20 different working groups under both ICES and DG MARE umbrella, particularly SGMED, which is the Group responsible since 2008 for stock assessment of Mediterranean fisheries resources and the Group responsible for stock assessment of Black Sea fisheries resources since 2015. In 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2021 and 2022 he has been invited as reviewer by the Center for Independent Expert (CIE).

Thanks to his long term experience in the marine ecology and fisheries sector, Mr. Cardinale has been recently nominated official member of the Editorial Board of the prestigious International Journal Applied Ichthyology. He has more than 110 publications on international journals, including books, on numerous aspects of fisheries ecology as stock assessment, modelling and analysis of historical data. He has also produced several working reports, presented more than 35 lectures and has more than 100 hours of academic activity in different universities.

Mr. Cardinale is also engaged in research activities of bird migration and he is since 2002 the Director of the Bird Migration Research Center on Ponza Island, Italy (


Current research 

Waking the Deads - modelling long term temporal and spatial variations of historically targeted species from the eastern North Sea and the Baltic Sea using long time-series data

Stock assessment and fisheries management

Small Island project -long term monitoring of migratory populations of transharian small passerines


Master education and thesis: Degree in Biological Science, University “La Sapienza” Rome, Italy with the maximum (110/110 with honour), 1995. Thesis: “Growth and diet of Xyrichthys novacula (Pisces: Labridae)”. Supervisor: Prof. G.D. Ardizzone (Department of Human and Animal Biology, University “La Sapienza” Rome).

Doctoral thesis: "Reproductive potential of Baltic cod populations (Gadus morhua), Department of Marine Ecology, Göteborg University, Sweden, 2001, Fishery Ecology. Supervisor Dr. Fredrik Arrhenius, Swedish National Board of Fisheries, Sweden.

Publikationer i urval

Kim Aarestrup, Henrik Baktoft, Kim Birnie-Gauvin, Andreas Sundelöf, Massimiliano Cardinale, Gemma Quilez-Badia, Iñigo Onandia, Michele Casini Einar Eg Nielsen, Anders Koed, Francisco Alemany & Brian R. MacKenzie 2022. First tagging data on large Atlantic bluefin tuna behaviour in newly retaken Nordic areas suggests repeated behaviour and skipped spawning. Nature Scientific Reports,


Angelini S., Falsone F., Colloca F., Manfredi C., Bitetto I., Ikica Z., Isajlovic I., Kule M., Santojanni A., Arneri E., Fiorentino F., Gancitano V., Scannella D., Spedicato M. T., Cardinale M., 2022. How historical data affect the perception of the stock status. two case studies from the central Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science, submitted. 

Laurence T. Kell, Iago Mosqueira, Henning Winker, Rishi Sharma, Toshihide Kitakado, Massimiliano Cardinale, 2022. Validation of integrated stock assessment model ensembles. Fish and Fisheries, conditionally accepted. 

Laurence T. Kell, Iago Mosqueira, Henning Winker, Rishi Sharma, Toshihide Kitakado, Massimiliano Cardinale, 2022. Evaluation of the historical performance of management strategies using the backtest. In preparation.

Massimiliano Cardinale, Henning Winker, Rishi Sharma, Laurie Kell, Iago Mosqueira 2022. CFP, failure or success? Assessing the progress of rebuilding North East Atlantic stocks against levels that can produce MSY. In preparation.

Monica Mion, Alessandro Orio, Johan Lövgren, Massimiliano Cardinale. Biology and ecology of greater weever in the Kattegat and Skaggerak 2022. In preparation.

Bruno Bellisario, Massimiliano Cardinale, Ivan Maggini, Leonida Fusani, Claudio Carere, 2022. Sex differences in migration timing influence the network structure of avian assemblages at a stopover site. In preparation.

Pierluigi Carbonara, Massimiliano Cardinale, Fortunata Donato, Francesco Masnadi, Giulio Pellini, Laura Sabatini, Giuseppe Scarcella 2022. Biphasic vs uniphasic growth curve equation: an application to the case of common sole (Solea solea, L.) in the northern and central Adriatic Sea with possible effect on stock assessment advice. Submitted to Fisheries Research.

Gorka Merinoa, Agurtzane Urtizberea, Dan Fu, Henning Winker, Massimiliano Cardinale, Mathew Lauretta, Hilario Murua, Toshihide Kitakado, Haritz Arrizabalaga, Robert Scott, Graham Pilling, Ane Laborda, Maite Erauskin-Extraminiana, Josu Santiago 2022. Investigating trends in process error as a diagnostic for integrated fisheries' stock assessments. Fisheries Research, conditionally accepted.

Christopher A. Griffiths, Håkan Wennhage, Henning Winker, Valerio Bartolino, Alessandro Orio, and Massimiliano Cardinale 2022. Including older fish in fisheries management: new age based indicators and reference points for commercial fish stocks. In preparation.

Massimiliano Cardinale, Henning Winker, Alessandro Orio, Christopher A. Griffths, Valerio Bartolino and Laurie Kell 2022. Occurrence, strength, and impact of density-dependent processes in key productivity parameters of Northeast Atlantic stocks. In preparation.




Forskare FLK vid Institutionen för akvatiska resurser; Havsfiskelaboratoriet, gemensamt
Telefon: +46104784014, +46761268005
Turistgatan 5
453 30 LYSEKIL
Besöksadress: Turistgatan 5, Lysekil