Postdoctoral researcher, funded by a personal 4-year mobility grant awarded by the Swedish Research Council Formas
Preamble – Short summary about interest/focus.
I am a wildlife ecologist currently exploring the responses to predation and anthropogenic disturbances of a semi-domesticated herbivore, from a behavioral, ecological and physiological point of view.
Throughout my academic career, I have worked on a wide range of topics and systems. I started with exploring technical aspects of the analysis of animal home ranges using radiotelemetry. Then, I moved to the study of host-parasite systems, insect physiology and behavior. Later, I explored temporal variability in the habitat selection patterns of a top-predator, and lastly I investigated the responses of a pastoral system to losses of food resources. In my current projects, I investigate the processes that link human activities and predators to the most influential herbivore of arctic and subarctic ecosystems, the reindeer, and how those processes impact reindeer food resources.
- Non-lethal consequences of a landscape of fear.
In many parts of the world, pastoral systems are facing increasing challenges due to the expansion of predator populations and the raising anthropogenic need for natural resources. As other land uses expand, the land available for herders to keep their herds shrinks. As a consequence, semi-domesticated animals that rely on natural food resources are faced with challenges due to the need to balance the search for suitable habitat with the avoidance of predators. My project aims at exploring the challenges and consequences of these process, using reindeer husbandry in northern Sweden as the model system. In the last century, reindeer husbandry has been facing losses of suitable winter pastures due to the expansion of other land uses and the increase frequency of adverse winters, and at the same time an increase in predation pressure due to the recovery of several predator populations. All of these factors together challenge the persistence of reindeer husbandry. Due to the high ecological and cultural importance of reindeer in the subarctic and Arctic, understanding those challenges and finding solutions to minimize the impacts are high priorities. In my projects, I explore this topic from a physiological, behavioral and ecological point of view.
- Determining optimal lichen habitat in coniferous forests of northern Sweden
- A horizon scan on the current knowledge gaps on reindeer management and conservation
- Trends in lichen cover and effect on the economy of reindeer husbandry in Sweden
Education and degree
2005, B.Sc. in Biology, University of Trieste, Italy
2007, M.Sc. in Wildlife Conservation and Biodiversity, University of Turin, Italy
2012, Ph.D. in Forest Science, with focus on wildlife ecology, Michigan Technological University, USA
2017-present Guest Researcher, University of Oslo, Norway
2016-present Postdoctoral Researcher, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
2013-2015 Postdoctoral Researcher, Umeå University, Sweden
2009-2012 Graduate Research Assistant, Michigan Technological University, USA
2008 Geographic Information System (GIS) Intern, Spatial Analysis Center, Yellowstone National Park, USA
Five selected publications:
- Uboni A, Smith DW, Stahler DR & Vucetich JA. 2017. Selecting habitat to what purpose? The advantage of exploring the habitat-fitness relationship. Ecosphere 8(4): e01705
- Uboni A, Horstkotte T, Kaarlejärvi E, Sévêque A, Stammler F, Olofsson J, Forbes BC & Moen J. Long-term population dynamics of Eurasian reindeer: trends, synchrony, and the role of large-scale climate. PlosOne 11(6): e0158359.
- Uboni A, Smith DW, Mao JS, Stahler DR & Vucetich JA. 2015. Long- and short-term temporal variability in habitat selection of a top-predator. Ecosphere 6(4): 51.
- Uboni A, Vucetich JA, Stahler DR & Smith DW. 2015. Interannual variability: a crucial component of space use at the territory level. Ecology 96(1): 62-70.
- Uboni A, Bagneres AG, Christides J-P & Lorenzi MC. 2012. Cleptoparasites, social parasites and a common host: Chemical insignificance for visiting host nests, chemical mimicry for living in. Journal of Insect Physiology 58(9): 1259-1264.