My work focuses on the politics of natural resources, in particular on conflicts around mining, forestry and indigenous peoples'rights in Sweden, Finland and Canada.
Currently my research revolves around two issues: deepending our understanding of the constructive potential of environmental conflicts for social change, and exploring ways for implementing the internationally recognised indigenous peoples rights of the Sámi in natural resource policies and practices.
Previously my research has looked at the limits and potential of collaborative planning in managing environmental conflicts (with focus on forest conflicts in Finland and B.C., Canada), the drivers behind such processes, and the role formal and informal institutions play in enabling/hindring collaborative problem-solving. My research combines theories from the fields of conflict studies, political science, planning theory and legal analysis, and in increasily based on action research methodology.
I teach in conflict theory and analysis, collaborative planning, conflict management in NRM, environmental governance, forest policy and environmental regulation on undergraduate and graduate levels.
Constructivity and destructivity in NRM conflicts - An analytical framework and methodology for understanding the role of communication and institutions in transforming conflicts (Project leader, Formas 2014-2018, together with Lars Hallgren)
Indigenous Rights and the Global Politics of Resource Extraction: The Case of Mining in Sápmi (co-applicant, Formas, 2014-2019, together with Rebecca Lawrence/Stockholm U (project leader) och Christina Allard/LTU)
Sustainability trade-offs and the politics of bioeconomy in Finnish forest policy (2013-2017, funded by SLU)
Regulatory regime of integrated forest governance – Reconsidering the role of hard law, 2011-2013 (University of Eastern Finland, Academy of Finland, co-applicant)
Integrated governance of forests – a comparative study between Finland and Sweden, 2010-2012 (post doc)
Conflict over Consensus—The Potential and Limits of Collaborative Environmental Management (CoCo), 2008-2011 (Finnish Environment Institute, co-applicant)
Legitimacy of environmental governance, 2005-2009 (University of Eastern Finland, co-applicant)
Associate Professor in Environmental Communication, 2014, SLU
PhD in Environmental Policy and Politics, 2008, Joensuu University, Finland
MSc in Environmental Science and Policy, 2000, Helsinki University, Finland
Main supervisor 2015-: Martin Westin. Preliminary title: “Practitioners’ notions of power in collaborative planning - How competing rationalities clash in process design practice”
Co-supervisor 2012-2016: Nícia Givá Parks with people? Action Research in Brindging Conservation and Livelihoods
Publications and citations i Google Scholar
Articles in international peer reviewed journals
1. Kröger & Raitio (In Review). Finnish forest policy in the era of bioeconomy: A pathway to sustainability? Forest Policy and Economics.
2. Givá, N. & Raitio, K. (In Press) ‘Parks with People’ in Mozambique: Community dynamic responses to Human Elephant Conflict at Limpopo National Park. Journal of Southern African Studies.
3. Lawrence, R. & Raitio, K. (2016) Academia and activism in Saami research: negotiating the blurred spaces between. In: Drugge, A-L. (Ed.) Ethics in Indigenous Research: Past Experiences - Future Challenges. Umeå University, Vaartoe Centre for Sami Research. Pp. 117-136.
4. Raitio, K. (2016). Seized and missed opportunities in responding to conflicts: constructivity and destructivity in forest conflicts management in Finland and British Columbia, Canada. In: Peterson, T.R., Ljunggren Bergeå, H., Feldpausch-Parker, A. M. & Raitio, K. (Eds): Environmental Communication and Community. Constructive and destructive dynamics of social transformation. Routledge Earthscan. Pp. 229-249.
5. Peterson, T.R., Ljunggren Bergeå, H., Feldpausch-Parker, A. M. & Raitio, K. (2016). Social transformation and sustainability: communication and community construction/destruction. In: Peterson, T.R., Ljunggren Bergeå, H., Feldpausch-Parker, A. M. & Raitio, K. (Eds): Environmental Communication and Community. Constructive and destructive dynamics of social transformation. Routledge Earthscan. Pp.269-275.
6. Bohman, A. & Raitio, K. (2014) How frames matter - Common sense and institutional choice in Ghana's water sector. Journal of Environment & Development 23(2):247-270. doi: 10.1177/1070496514525405
7. Raitio, K. & Harkki, S. (2014) The disappearing chain of responsibility: Legitimacy challenges in the political governance of Finnish Forest and Park Service. Land Use Policy 39: 281-291. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2014.02.008
8. Sandström, C., Eckerberg, K. & Raitio, K. (2013) Studying conflicts, proposing solutions - Towards multi-level approaches to the analyses of conflicts. Guest editorial to the Special Issue: Forest land use and conflict management: global issues and lessons learned. Forest Policy and Economics 33:123-127.
9. Saarikoski, H. & Raitio, K. (2013) Science and politics in old-growth forest conflict in Upper Lapland. Nature and Culture 8 (1):53-73.
10. Saarikoski, H., Raitio, K. & Barry, J. (2013) Explaining ‘success’ in conflict resolution – Policy regime changes and new interactive arenas in the Great Bear Rainforest. Land Use Policy, 32:271-280.
11. Raitio, K. (2013) Discursive institutionalist approach to conflict management analysis – The case of old-growth forest conflicts on Finnish state-owned land. Forest Policy and Economics 33:97-103. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2012.06.004
12. Raitio, K. & Saarikoski, H. (2012) Governing old-growth forests: The interdependence of actors in Great Bear Rainforest in British Columbia. Society and Natural Resources 25 (9):900-914. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2011.642462
13. Raitio, K. (2012) New Institutional Approach to Collaborative Forest Planning: Methods for Analysis and Lessons for Policy. Land Use Policy 29(2):309-316
14. Hanna, K., Pölönen, I. & Raitio, K. (2011) A Potential Role for EIA in Finnish Forest Planning: Learning from Experiences from Canada. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 29 (2):99-108.
15. Kyllönen, S., Colpaert, A., Heikkinen, H., Jokinen, M., Kumpula, J., Marttunen, M., Muje, K. & Raitio, K. (2006c). Conflict Management as a Means to the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources. Silva Fennica 44(4): 687-728.
16. Hukkinen, J., L. Müller-Wille, P. Aikio, H. Heikkinen, O. Jääskö, A. Laakso, H. Magga, S. Nevalainen, O. Pokuri, K. Raitio and N. West (2006b). Development of participatory institutions for reindeer management in Finland: A diagnosis of deliberation, knowledge integration and sustainability. In: Forbes, B.C., M. Bölter, N. Gunslay, J. Hukkinen, Y. Konstantinov, F. Müller and L. Müller-Wille (eds), Reindeer Management in Northernmost Europe: Linking Practical and Scientific Knowledge in Social-Ecological Systems, Ecological Studies 184, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. p. 47-71.
17. Hukkinen, J., Heikkinen, H., Raitio, K. & Müller-Wille, L. (2006a). Dismantling the barriers to entrepreneurship in reindeer management in Finland. Int.J.Entrepreneuship and Small Business 3(6): 705-727.
Raitio, K. (2008) “You can’t please everyone” – Conflict management practices, frames and institutions in Finnish state forests. University of Joensuu Publications in Social Sciences No 86. PhD thesis
Peterson, T.R., Ljunggren Bergeå, H., Feldpausch-Parker, A. M. & Raitio, K. (Eds): Environmental Communication and Community. Constructive and destructive dynamics of social transformation. Routledge Earthscan.
Jalonen R., Hanski I., Kuuluvainen T., Nikinmaa E., Pelkonen P., Puttonen P., Raitio K. & Tahvonen O. (Eds) (2006) Uusi Metsäkirja [The New Book on Forests] (2006) Gaudeamus, Helsinki. (Received Finnish State Award for Public Information, 2007)