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Thomas B. Randrup

Thomas Randrup
Thomas is professor in Urban Open Space Management and Head of Subject for Landscape Governance and Management. Thomas study the role and use of urban open spaces, and have a special interest in the concepts of Strategic Management, Nature-based Solutions and Nature-based Thinking.


I work with the processes, roles and use of urban open spaces that keep them relevant and valued. In doing so, I have a special interest in the concepts of Public Strategic Management, Nature-based Solutions and Nature-based Thinking.

Links to some of our current projects: 

NordGreen -
ParkLIV! -


I contribute to a number of courses within the Landscape Architecture, Landscape Engeneering and the new Forest & Landscape program. 

I frequently supervise students at all levels.

I run the bi-annul PhD course "Researching Landscape Governance". Next time will be in may 2025. 


During my career, I have studied and promoted the role of urban green spaces, and especially the role of urban trees. I have a special interest in public management of urban open spaces for the benefit of both man (human health and well-being) and nature (biodiversity).

The term ‘Management’ is a combination of Planning and Maintenance, denoted as 'Strategic Management'. In strategic management, policy making, tactical provision and operational activities are all included and equally considered.

I have a social-ecological-organisational focus on my research, in studying how public straegtic management of green (or open) spaces can support users and/or natures needs and preferences. The purpose of my research is to develop management solutions of urban open spaces, with a strategic management mindset which reduces resources, and increses use.



I have a M.Sc. in Landscape Architecture from the University of Copenhagen, Denmark (1990), and a PhD in Landscape Planning also from the University of Copenhagen (1996).

I worked for the Danish Forest and Landscape Research Institute as researcher, senior consultant and senior researcher (1996 – 2003), and at University of Copenhagen, as professor in Urban Greening & Park Management (2003 – 2008). In late 2008 I left academia to become Head of Department and later Business Unit Director at NIRAS Consultants (2008 – 2011), after which I became Business Developer for HedeDanmark, the largest landscaping company in Scandinavia (2011 – 2015). During 2014 I was interim CEO at a Swedish landscaping company (Väla Mark & Trädgård) when acquired by HedeDanmark. In February 2015, I returned to academia as a researcher and research coordinator at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU). In January 2016, I was appointed as full professor at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Dept. of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning (15% position), as well as at SLU at Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management.

I was Honorary Professor at University of Copenhagen 2009-2019.

I co-founded (with Cecil Konijnendijk) the scientific journal Urban Forestry and Urban Greening , published by Elsevier since 2002.

During my career, I have produced more than 400 publications, including peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, edited proceedings and books, scientific and professional articles, and conference papers.

I have been involved in a range of international networking and project activities. He initiated and coordinated the COST Action on Urban Forests & Trees (funded by the European Union), and participated in the twinning cooperation for sustainable forestry between Denmark and Malaysia. He has advised the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on urban and peri-urban forestry issues, and has served as project evaluator in e.g. Sweden, Norway, Finland, USA, UK, Singapore and Hong Kong. Lately, larger EU finansed projects (e.g. Green Surge and CONEXUS) and the Driving Urban Transition project, NATURO have formed central parts of my academic network and focus.

In 2019 I became International Fellow of The Royal Swedish Academy of Forestry and Agriculture, and in 2020 Member of the Royal Fysiografic Society in Lund, Sweden, Academy for Natural Sciences, Medicin and  Techniqe. 


I regulary supervise BSc, MSC and PhD students within the (urban) landscape governance and management fields.

Selected publications


Deak Sjöman, J., E-M. Tuhkanen, M. Mänttäri, Z. Cimburova, D. Barton & T.B. Randrup (2024) Expectations of i-Tree Eco as a tool for urban tree management in Nordic cities. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, section Urban Greening.

Sunding, A., T.B. Randrup, Å.O. Sang, H. Nordh & K. Nilsson (2024) Descriptions of the relationship between human health and green infrastructure in six Nordic comprehensive plans. Cities. Volume 146, 104746.

Sunding, A. & T.B. Randrup (2024) Integrating health perspectives in municipal green space planning and management. In Borges, L.A., L. Rohrer & K. Nilsson (eds.) Green and healthy Nordic cities: How to plan, design, and manage health-promoting urban green space. Nordregio. DOI

Mercado, G., T. Wild, J.H. Garcia, M.D. Baptista , M. van Lierop, O. Bina, A. Inch, Å. Ode Sang, A. Buijs, C. Dobbs, A. Vásquez, A. van der Jagt, F. Salbitano, R. Falanga, J.D. Amaya-Espinel, M. Pereira & T.B. Randrup (2023) Supporting Nature-based Solutions via Nature-based thinking, across European and Latin American cities. Ambio.

van der Jagt, A., A. Buijs, C. Dobbs, M. van Lierop, S. Pauleit, T.B. Randrup, A. Skiba & T. Wild (2023) With the Process comes the Progress: A Systematic Review to Support Governance Assessment of Uban Nature-based Solutions. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 128067.

Kyttä, M., T. Randrup, A. Sunding, S. Rossi, E. Harsia, J. Palomäki & A. Kajosaari (2023) Prioritizing participatory planning solutions: Developing place-based priority categories based on public participation GIS data. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 239,

Randrup, T.B., M. Jansson, J.D. Sjöman, K. Van Meerbeek, G. Matteucci, M-R. Fleisch, D.W. Shanafelt, A. Bernasconi & E. Coleman (2023) Planning, Designing and Managing Green Infrastructure and Urban Forests for Biocities – Introducing a Strategic and Adaptive Management Approach. In Scarascia-Mugnozza & Boeri (eds.) Transforming Biocities. European Forest Institute (EFI). Transforming Biocities pp 85–107.       

Randrup, T.B. & M. Jansson (2023) Integrated and Long-Term Approaches to Urban Landscape Development. The Option of Combined Governance and Management. In: Bishop, K., & Corkery, L. (Eds.). Routledge Handbook of Urban Landscape Research (1st ed.). Routledge.

Hansen, R., M. Buizer, A. Buijs, S. Pauleit, T. Mattijssen, H. Fors, A. van der Jagt, N. Kabisch, M. Cook, T. Delshammar, T. B. Randrup, S. Erlwein, K. Vierikko, H. Nieminen, J. Langemeyer, C.S. Texereau, A.C. Luz, M. Nastran, A.S. Olafsson, M.S. Møller, D. Haase, W. Rolf, B. Ambrose-Oji, C. Branquinho, G. Havik, J. Kronenberg & C. Konijnendijk (2022) Transformative or piecemeal? Changes in green space planning and governance in eleven European cities, European Planning Studies, DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2022.2139594

Buffam, I., F. Aagaard Hagemann, T. Emilsson, A.M. Pálsdóttir, T.B. Randrup, K. Yeshitela & Å.O. Sang (2022) Priorities and barriers for urban ecosystem service provision: A comparison of stakeholder perspectives from three cities. Front. Sustain. Cities 4:838971. doi: 10.3389/frsc.2022.838971 

van der Jagt, A., A. Buijs, C. Dobbs, M. van Lierop, S. Pauleit, T.B. Randrup & T. Wild. (2022) An action framework for the participatory assessment of naturebased solutions in cities. Ambio.

Esperon-Rodriguez, M., P.D. Rymer, S.A. Power, D.N. Barton, P. Cariñanos, C. Dobbs, A.A. Eleuterio, F.J. Escobedo, R. Hauer, M. Hermy, A. Jahani, J.C. Onyekwelu, J. Östberg, D. Pataki, T.B. Randrup, T. Rasmussen, L.A. Roman, A. Russo, C. Shackleton, I. Solfjeld, N.S. Van Doorn, M.J. Wells, B. Wiström, P. Yan, J. Yang & M.G. Tjoelker (2022) Assessing climate risk to support urban forests in a changing climate. Plants, People, Planet.

Sjöman, J.D., G. Mercado, A. Kristoffersson & T.B. Randrup (2022) Sustainable Smart Park Management– A Smarter Approach to Urban Green Space management? Journal of Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. 48(2):60-73

Klobucar, B., N. Sang & T.B. Randrup (2021) Comparing Ground and Remotely Sesed Measurements of Urban Tree Canopy in Private Residenses. Trees, Forests and people.

Randrup, T.B., A. Sunding, J. Svännel, M. Jansson & Å. Ode Sang (2021) Urban open space management in the Nordic Countries. Identification of current challenges based on manager's perceptions. Cities.

Fors, H., F.Aa., Hagemann, Å.O. Sang & T.B. Randrup (2021) Striving for inclusion - A systematic review of long-term participation in strategic management of urban open spaces. Frontiers in Sustsinable Cities, Section of Urban Greening.

Jansson, M., A. Zalar, E.P. Sundevall & T.B. Randrup (2020) Governing for chilf-friendliness? Perspectives on childrens as users among Swedish and Danisg urban open space managers. Frontiers in Sustainable Cities.

Hagemann, F.Aa., Randrup, T.B. & Å.O. Sang (2020) Challenges to Implementing the Urban Ecosystem Service Concept in Green Infrastructure Planning: A View from Practitioners in Swedish Municipalities. Socio-Ecological Practise Research.

Jansson, M. & T.B. Randrup (2020) Urban Open Space Governance and Management. Routledge, London & New York. 224 pages. ISBN 9780367173036

Randrup, T.B., A. Buijs, C. Konijnendijk & T. Wild (2020) Moving beyond the Nature-based Solutions discourse: Introducing Nature-based Thinking. Urban Ecosystems. https://doi:org/10.1007/s11252-020-00964-w

Chan, C.-S., Joi Si, F., & Randrup, T.B. (2020). A longitudinal investigation of urban park management in Hong Kong: A managerial perspective. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. doi: 10.18666/JPRA-2020-9611

Qiao, X., K-H. Liao & T.B. Randrup (2020) Sustainable stormwater management: A qualitative case study of the Sponge Cities initiative in China. Sustainable Cities and Society.

Fongar, C., T.B. Randrup, B. Wiström & I. Solfjeld (2019) Public Urban Green Space Management in Norwegian Municipalities: A Managers’ Perspective on Place Keeping. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening.

Barton D.N., Obst C., Day B., Caparrós A., Dadvand P., Fenichel E., Havinga I., Hein L., McPhearson T., Randrup T., Zulian G. (2019). Discussion paper 10: Recreation services from ecosystems. Paper submitted to the Expert Meeting on Advancing the Measurement of Ecosystem Services for Ecosystem Accounting, New York, 22-24 January 2019 and subsequently revised. Version of 25 March 2019. Available at:

Fongar, C., G. Tveit, T.B. Randrup & I. Solfjeld (2019) Does perceived green space quality matter? Linking Norwegian adult perspectives on perceived quality to motivation and frequency of visits. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. doi:10.3390/ijerph16132327

Qiao, X., L. Liu, A. Kristoffersson & T.B. Randrup (2019) Governance factors of sustainable stormwater management: A study of case cities in China and Sweden Journal of Environmental Management. Journal of Environmental Management.

Jansson, M., N. Vogel, H. Fors & T.B. Randrup (2018) The governance of landscape management: new approaches to urban open space development, Landscape Research, DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2018.1536199

Chan, C-S., M.M. Marafa, C. Konijnendijk van den Bosch & T.B. Randrup (2018) Starting Conditions for the Green Branding of a City. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management.

Qiao, X., A. Kristoffersson & T.B. Randrup (2018) Challenges to implementing sustainable stormwater management from a   governance perspective: A literature review. Journal of Cleaner Production.

Östberg, J., B. Wiström & T.B. Randrup (2018) The state and use of urban tree inventories in Swedish municipalities – results from a national survey. Urban Ecosystems.

Lafortezza, R., Chen, J., Konijnendijk van den Bosch, C. & T.B. Randrup (2017). Nature-Based Solutions for Resilient Landscapes and Cities. Environmental Research.

Randrup, T.B., J. Östberg & B. Wiström (2017) Swedish Green Space Management - the Managers Perspective. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 28, December 2017, Pages 103-109

Lindholst, C., T.B. Randrup, A. Kristoffersson, M.B. Hansen & B. Persson (2017) Evaluating the complexities of contracting outcomes in urban services: The case of green space maintenance in Denmark and Sweden. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space. 0(0) 1-22. DOI: 10.1177/2399654417733992

Pauleit S., T. Zölch, R. Hansen, T.B. Randrup & C.C. Konijnendijk (2017) Nature-based Solutions and Climate Change – Four Shades of Green. In: Kabisch, N., A. Bonn, H. Korn, & J. Stadler (eds.) “Nature‐based Solutions to Climate Change in Urban Areas ‐ Linkages of science, society and policy”. Springer Verlag, Berlin. Doi. 10.1007/978-3-319-56091-5

Bretzer, Y.N., B. Persson & T.B. Randrup (2016) Is public procurement efficiency conditioned by market types? A critical test in park and road sectors in Sweden. International Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 29 Iss 5 pp. 488 – 501.

Leiren, M.D., A.C. Lindholst, I. Solfjeld & T.B. Randrup (2016) Capability versus efficiency: contracting out park and road services in Norway", International Journal of Public Sector Management, Vol. 29 Iss 5 pp. 474 – 487

Toftager, M., O. Ekholm, J. Schipperjin, U.K. Stigsdotter, P. Bentsen, M. Grønbæk, T.B. Randrup & F. Kamper-Jørgensen (2011) Distance to Green Space and Physical Activity: A Danish National Representative Survey. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8(6):741 – 749

Bentsen, P., F.S. Jensen, E. Mygind & T. B. Randrup (2010) The extent and dissemination of udeskole in Danish schools. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening,  9(3):235-243

Schipperijn, J., U.K Stigsdotter, T.B. Randrup & J. Troelsen (2010) Influences on the use of urban green space - a case study in Odense, Denmark. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 9(1):25-32

Schipperijn, J., O. Ekholm, U.K. Stigsdotter, M. Toftager, P. Bentsen, F. Kamper-Jørgensen & T.B. Randrup (2010) Factors influencing the use of green space: Results from a Danish national representative survey. Landscape and Urban Planning, 95:130-137

Stigsdotter, U.K., O. Ekholm, J. Schipperijn, M. Toftager, F. Kamper-Jørgensen & T.B. Randrup (2010) Health promoting outdoor environments - Associations between green space, and health, health-related quality of life and stress based on a Danish national representative survey. Scand J Public Health, June 2010; 38(4):411-417

Kristoffersen, P., O. Bühler, S.U. Larsen & T.B. Randrup (2010) Growth of newly established Tilia platophyllos 'Rubra' road-side trees in response to weed control and pruning treatments. Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, 36(1):35-40

Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (2009) (eds.) Urban forests and trees. Chinese edition. Science Press, Beijing.

Randrup, T.B. & B. Persson (2009) Management of Public Green Space in the Nordic Countries – Development of a New Strategic Green Space Management Regime. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 8 (2009) 31–40

Bentsen, P., E. Mygind & T.B. Randrup (2009) Towards an understanding of udeskole: education outside the classroom in a Danish context. Education 3-13, 37(1):29-44

Knuth, L., T.B. Randrup & M. Gauthier (2008) Legal, Policy and Institutional Aspects of Urban and Peri-urban Forestry and Greening. The case of West and Central Asia. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources. Review 3, No. 094. []

Konijnendijk, C.C., R.M. Ricard, A. Kenney & T.B. Randrup (2006) Defining urban forestry – A comparative perspective of North America and Europe. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 4(3-4):93-103

Randrup, T.B., J.B. Nielsen, C. Lindholst, C. Nuppenau & K. Sejr (2006) New Trends in Outsourcing Public Green Space Maintenance – The Concept of Integrated Park Management. Ifpra World – Refereed Section, International Federation of Parks and Recreation Administration, March;8-10

Konijnendijk, C. & T. B. Randrup (2005) Urban Forestry Education. In: Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (Eds.) Urban Forests and Trees. A Reference Book. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 465-478

Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (2005) (eds.) Urban Forests and Trees. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg. 520 pp.

Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (2005) Introduction. In: Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (Eds.) Urban Forests and Tree. A Reference Book. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 1-5.

Nilsson, K., C. Konijnendijk & T.B. Randrup (2005) Research on Urban forests and Trees in Europe. In: Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (Eds.) Urban Forests and Trees. A Reference Book. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 445-463

Randrup, T.B. (2005) Development of a Danish Model for Plant Appraisal. Journal of Arboriculture, 31(3):113-121

Randrup, T.B., C. Konijnendijk, M.K. Dobbertin & R. Prüller (2005) The Concept of Urban Forestry in Europe. In: Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (Eds.) Urban Forests and Trees. A Reference Book. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 9 – 21

Sieghardt, M., E.Mursch-Radlgruber, E. Paoletti, E. Couenberg, A. Dimitrakopoulus, F. Rego, A. Hatzistathis & T.B. Randrup (2005) The Abiotic Urban Environment: Impact of Urban Growing Conditions on Urban Vegetation. In: Konijnendijk, C.C., K. Nilsson, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (Eds.) Urban Forests and Trees. A Reference Book. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 281-323

Konijnendijk, C.C., S. Sadio, T.B. Randrup & J. Schipperijn (2004) Urban and Peri-urban Forestry in a Development Context – Strategy and Implementation. Journal of Arboriculture, 30(5):269-276

Konijnendijk, C.C. & T.B. Randrup (2004) Urban Forestry. In: Encyclopedia of Forest Sciences (Eds. Burley J, Evans, J & Younquist). Elsevier Science, London. pp. 471-478

Andersen, F., C.C. Konijnendijk &  T.B. Randrup (2003) Higher Education on Urban Forestry in Europe: An Overview. Chinese Forestry Science and Technology, 2(3):12-23

Konijnendijk, C.C., T.B. Randrup & K. Nilsson (2003) Urban Forestry Research in Europe. An Overview. Chinese Forestry Science and Technology, 2:1-11

Sæbø, A., T. Benedikz & T.B. Randrup (2003) Selection of trees for urban forestry in the Nordic countries. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 2(2):101-114

Andersen, F., C.C. Konijnendijk &  T.B. Randrup (2002) Higher Education on Urban Forestry in Europe: An Overview. Forestry, 75(5):501-511

Pauleit, S., N. Jones, G. Garcia-Martin, J. L. Garcia-Valdecantos, L.M. Rivière, L. Vidal-Beaudet, M. Bodson & T.B. Randrup (2002) Tree Establishment Practise in Towns and Cities – Results from a European Survey. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 1(2):83-96

Paludan-Müller, G., H. Saxe, L.B. Pedersen & T.B. Randrup (2002) Differences in Salt Sensitivity of four Deciduous Tree Species to Soil or Airborne Salt. Physiologia Plantarum, 114:223-230

Nilsson, K., T.B. Randrup & B.lM. Wandall (2001) Trees in the Urban Environment In: Evans, J. (ed.) The Forest Handbook, Vol. I. Blackwell Science, Oxford, England, pp. 347-361

Nilsson, K., T.B. Randrup & B.lM. Wandall (2001) Trees in the Urban Environment: Some Practical Considerations, In: Evans, J. (ed.) The Forest Handbook, Vol. II. Blackwell Science, Oxford, England. Chapter 12, pp. 260-271

Randrup, T.B. & J.M. Lichter (2001) Measuring Soil Compaction on Construction Sites – A Review of Nuclear Gauges and Penetrometers. Journal of Arboriculture, 27(3):109-117

Randrup, T.B., E.G. McPherson & L.R. Costello (2001) Tree Root Intrusion in Sewer Systems: Review of Extent and Costs. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 7(1):26-31

Randrup, T.B., E.G. McPherson & L.R. Costello (2001) A review of tree root conflicts with sidewalks, curbs, and roads. Urban Ecosystems, 5:209-225. [Printet 2003]

Randrup, T.B., C.C. Konijnendijk & F. Andersen (2001) (eds.) Review of Higher Education on Urban Forestry in Europe. European Commission. EUR 19864. Luxembourg. 230 pp.

Randrup, T.B. & C.C. Konijnendijk (2000) (Guest editors) Preface - Urban Greening and Landscape Architecture. Prepared on the basis of the Research Symposium on Urban Greening and Landscape Architecture, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 1999. Landscape and Urban Planning, 52(2-3):71. 10 papers included.

Randrup, T.B. (2000) (Guest editorial) Selected papers from the Research Symposium on Urban Greening and Landscape Architecture, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 1999. Journal of Arboriculture, 26(5):237. 6 papers included.

Konijnendijk, C.C., T.B. Randrup & K. Nilsson (2000) Urban Forest Research in Europe: An overview. Journal of Arboriculture, 26(3):152-161

Pedersen, L.B., T.B. Randrup & M. Ingerslev (2000) Effects of Road Distance and Protective Measures on De-Icing NaCl Deposition and Soil Solution Chemistry in Planted Central Reserves. Journal of Arboriculture, 26(5):238-244

Randrup, T.B. (2000) Occurrence of Tree Roots in Danish Municipal Sewer Systems. Arboricultural Journal, Vol. 24, pp. 283-306

Jim, C.Y., T.B. Randrup & A. Chacalo (1999) What problems do trees face in your city? How can these problems be solved? Journal of Arboriculture, Vol. 25, pp. 278-281

Randrup, T.B., K. Nilsson, J.O. Juul & L. Westergaard (1999) Denmark. In: M. Forrest, C.C. Konijnendijk & T.B. Randrup (eds.) COST E12, Research and Development in Urban Forestry in Europe. European Commission, EUR 19108. Luxembourg. pp. 61-75

Forrest, M., C.C. Konijnendijk & T.B. Randrup (1999) (eds.) COST E12, Research and Development in Urban Forestry in Europe. European Commission, EUR 19108. Luxembourg. 363 pp.

Randrup, T.B. & K. Nilsson (1998) Co-ordination of Research on Urban Trees in Europe. Arboricultural Journal, vol. 22, pp.173-177

Randrup, T.B. & K. Dralle (1997) Influence of Planning and Design on Soil Compaction in Construction Sites. Landscape and Urban Planning, 38:87-92

Randrup, T.B. (1997) Soil Compaction on Construction Sites. Journal of Arboriculture, 23(5):207-210


Professor at the Department of Landscape Architecture, Planning and Management
Telephone: +4640415412, +46725470508
Postal address:
Box 190
234 22 Lomma
Visiting address: Slottsvägen 5, Alnarp, Alnarp