Global forests and land-use decisions
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SG0277 Global forests and land-use decisions, 7.5 CreditsGlobala skogar och beslut om markanvändning
Education cycleMaster’s level
Advanced study in the main fieldSecond cycle, has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirements(A1N)
Prior knowledgeThe equivalent of 120 credits at basic level including
- 60 credits in Forest Science or
- 60 credits in Forest Management or
- 60 credits in Forestry Science or
- 60 credits in Biology or
- 60 credits in Environmental Sciences or
- 60 credits in Landscape Architecture or
- 60 credits in Agricultural Sciences or
- 60 credits in Natural Resource Management or
- 60 credits in Natural Geography or
- 60 credits in Political Sciences
ObjectivesThe overarching aim of this course is to provide an in-depth understanding of global forests and land-use dynamics. In this five-weeks intensive course, students will actively engage in conceptual understanding and empirical evidence-based dialogues on how multi-stakeholder decisions impact the way forest land-use is implemented with focus on the Global South, but also using comparative European perspective. The key is in identification and interpretation of influential driving (f)actors for forest land-use transition within the context of sustainable forest management. Students will gain an insight to historical relationships, present scenarios, and future complexities of land use in forested landscapes and changes in rural, urban and indigenous territories. This analysis will be based within the broader context of how strategic decision-making can help cope with the consequences for example of biodiversity conservation, land-use change induced displacements, deforestation, plantations, and urbanization. A few key concepts include forest and people science, decision-making, multi-stakeholder negotiations, case studies and ethics, and socio-political framework.
After completing the course, the student should be able to
- critically analyse the key drivers, including agents and structures, for forest land-use change
- demonstrate the ability to holistically compare forest and land-use case studies in Global South and Europe
- demonstrate knowledge about multi-stakeholders and their strategic land-use decisions
- creatively use relevant communication tools/mediums to convey complex cases
- demonstrate integrity and ethics in analysing contested land-use issues, and
- apply case study qualitative methodology to investigate the field-based scenarios.
ContentGlobally forest and land-use changes are being driven by increasing market value of timber, agro-food and minerals. The consequences of these changes impact biodiversity ecosystems, including livelihood needs of food, water and shelter for billion people, particularly vulnerable communities. This course is designed to offer opportunities to explore stakeholder perspectives in formulating, advocating, sharing and implementing strategic decisions on forest and land-use with focus on the Global South, but including European cases. By bringing together a diverse range of multilateral/bilateral agencies, scientific experts, governments, think tanks, timber industries, land justice forums, media and artists, civil-societies, this course will explore ways to strengthen partnerships for coping with forest and land-use change that is equitable e.g., ethnicity, gender and social inclusion and ethical e.g., recognition, justice, in the long-term aligning with the Agenda 2030. In this intensive short-term (7.5 credits) course, students will be exposed to literature review, field-based comparative case-studies such as collective forest and land tenure rights, restorations or land-grabs, and group projects that expose them to complexities of real-world decision making and developing skills in using case-study methods, ethics and communication. Seminars are compulsory.
Formats and requirements for examinationApproved participation in compulsory seminars and approved completion of oral and written assignments.
- If the student fails a test, the examiner may give the student a supplementary assignment, provided this is possible and there is reason to do so.
- If the student has been granted special educational support because of a disability, the examiner has the right to offer the student an adapted test, or provide an alternative assessment.
- If changes are made to this course syllabus, or if the course is closed, SLU shall decide on transitional rules for examination of students admitted under this syllabus but who have not yet passed the course.
- For the examination of a degree project (independent project), the examiner may also allow the student to add supplemental information after the deadline. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.
- The right to take part in teaching and/or supervision only applies to the course date to which the student has been admitted and registered on.
- If there are special reasons, the student may take part in course components that require compulsory attendance at a later date. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.
Additional informationSLU is environmentally certified according to ISO 14001. A large part of our courses cover knowledge and skills that contribute positively to the environment. To further strengthen this, we have specific environmental goals for the education. Students are welcome to suggest actions regarding the course’s content and implementation that lead to improvements for the environment. For more information, see webpage www.slu.se.
Department of Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Grading will be based on the student's achievement of the following learning outcomes:
1. critically analyze the key drivers, including agents and structures, for forest land-use change
2. demonstrate the ability to holistically compare forest and land-use case studies in Global South and Europe
3. demonstrate knowledge about multi-stakeholders and their strategic land-use decisions
4. creatively use relevant communication tools/mediums to convey complex cases
5. demonstrate integrity and ethics in analyzing contested land-use issues, and
6. apply case study qualitative methodology to investigate the field-based scenarios.
The final grade depends on how well a student can demonstrate that s/he has met all learning outcomes:
5: awarded if students clearly met all outcomes, displayed a deep knowledge of the base contents (from lectures and readings), had original and creative thinking, ability to generate their own interpretations, being active participants in seminars and debates.
4: all outcomes achieved well and effectively
3: outcomes achieved satisfactorily, or where the evidence is strong for some outcomes, weaker but acceptable for others
U: (missed) failed all or some of the outcomes
Peer-reviewed International Journal
Forest policy and Land use
*Barrow, E., Kanugisha-Ruhaombe, J., Nhantumbo, I., Oyono, R., Savadoga, M., 2016. Who owns Agrica’s forests? Exploring the impacts of forest tenure reform on forest ecosystems and livelihoods.*Forests, Trees and Livelihoods*, 25 (2), 132-156.
Bose, P., Arts, B., van Dijk, H., 2012. ‘Forest governmentality’: A genealogy of subject-making of forest-dependent ‘Scheduled Tribes’ in India. *Land Use Policy *29 (3): 664-673.
Elomina, J., and Pülzl, H., 2021. How are forests framed? An analysis of EU Forest Policy. *Forest Policy and Economics *127, 102448
Pemunta, N.V., 2019. Fortress conservation, wildlife legislation and the Baka Pygmies of southeast Cameroon.*GeoJournal *84, 1035-1055.
Rai, N., Devy, M.S., Ganesh, T., Ganesan, R., Setty, S.R., Hirmath, A.J., Khaling, S., Rajan, D.P., 2021. Beyond fortress conservation: The long-term integration of natural and social science research for an inclusive conservation practice in India. *Biological Conservation *254
Ribot, J., 1995. From exclusion to participation: Turning Senegal’s forestry policy around?*World Development *23 (9), 1587-1599.
Wardell, A.D., and Lund, C., 2006. Governing access to forests in Northern Ghana: Micro- politics and the rents of non-enforcement.*World Development *34 (11), 1887-1906
Arts, B., 2014. Assessing forest governance from a ‘Triple G’ perspective: Government,governance, governmentality. Forest Policy and Economics 49, 17-22
Gender and Women’s rights
*Agarwal, B., 2009. Gender and forest conservation: The impact of women’s participation in community forest governance. *Ecological Economics *68 (11) 2785-2799.
Bose, P., 2011. Forest tenure reform: exclusion of tribal women’s rights in semi-arid Rajasthan, India. *International Forestry Review *13 (2): 220-232.
Bose, P., 2017. Land tenure and forest rights of rural and indigenous women in Latin America: Empirical research. *Women’s Studies International Foru, *65: 1-8.
Vázquez-Garcia, V., Ortega-Ortega, T., 2017. Gender, local governance and non timber forest products. The use and management of Satureja macrostema in Oaxaca’s central valleys, Mexico. *Women’s Studies International Forum *65, 47-52.
Villamor, G.B., Desrianti, F., Akiefnawati, R., Amaruzaman, S., and van Noordwijk, M., 2014. Gender influences decisions to change land-use practices in the tropical forest margins of Jambi, Indonesia. *Mitigation and adaptation strategies for global change *19, 733- 733.
Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities (IPLCs)
Bose, P., 2019. Oil Palm vs. Shifting Cultivation for Indigenous Peoples: Analyzing Mizoram’s New Land Use Policy. *Land Use Policy *81: 115-123.
Ceddia, M.G., Gunter, U, and Corriveau-Bourque, A., 2015. Land tenure and agricultural expansion in Latin America: The role of Indigenous Peoples’ and local communities’ forest rights. *Global Environmental Change *35, 316-322.
Duyen, T.N.L., Tien, N.D., Ngoc, N.N.K., Thuy, P.T., and Tich, V.V., 2022. Determinant of swidden communities’ land-use decision-making for different crops in Son La and Nghe An provinces, Vietnam. *Land Use Policy *119.
Newton, P., Miller, D.C., Byenkya, M.A.A., and Agrawal, A., 2016. Who are forest-dependent people? A taxonomy to aid livelihood and land use decision-making in forested regions. *Land Use Policy *57, 388-395.
Östlund, L., and Norstedt, G., 2021. Preservation of the cultural legacy of the indigenous Sami in northern forest reserves – Present shortcomings and future possibilities.*Forest Ecology and Management *502
Agrawal, A., and Chhatre, A., 2006. Explaining success on the commons: Community forest governance in the Indian Himalaya. *World Development *34 (1), 149-166.
Bose, P., 2013. Individual tenure rights, citizenship and conflicts: outcomes from tribal India’s forest governance. *Forest Policy and Economics *33: 71-79.
Bose, P., 2015. India’s dryland agroforestry: A ten-year analysis of gender and social diversity, tenure and climate variability.*International Forestry Review *17 (S4): 82-97.
Liu, J., Liang, M., Li, L., Long, H., De Jong, W., 2017. Comparative study of the forest transition pathways of nine Asia-Pacific countries. *Forest Policy and Economics *76, 25- 34.
Ribot, J.C., Agrawal, A., and Larson, A.M., 2006. Recentralizing while decentralizing: How national governments reappropriate forest resources. *World Development *34 (11): 1864-1886.
Books and Book Chapters (open access)
Art, B., Visseren-Hamdekers, I, 2012. Forest governance: a state of the art review. In Arts, B., van Bommel, S., Ros-Tonen, M., Verschoor, G. (eds) Forest-people interfaces. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen.
Bose, P., 2012. Forest rights: The micro-politics of decentralisation and forest tenure reform in**tribal India. Wageningen, the Netherlands. Pages xvi+185. ISBN 978-94-6173-273-6. (http://edepot.wur.nl/212101)
Bose, P., and van Dijk, H., 2016. (Eds.). Dryland Forests: Management, Gender and Social**Diversity in Asia and Africa.Switzerland, Springer Publisher. ISBN 978-3-319-19405-9.
Colfer, C.J.P., Prabhu, R., and Larson, A.M., 2022. Adaptive Collaborative Management in Forest Landscapes. Villagers, bureaucrats, and civil society. London and New York: Earthscan from Routledge
Joshi, D., Monterroso, I., Gallant, B., Perera, K., and Peveri, V., 2021. A gender-natural**resources tango: water, land, and forest research. In Pyburn, R., and van Eerdewijk, A (eds) Advancing Gender Equality through Agricultural and Environmental Research: Past, Present, and Future. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute. ISBN: 988-0-89629-391-5.
Katila, P., Colfer, C.J.P., de Jong, W., Galloway, G., Pacheco, P., Winkel, G., 2019. Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People. Cambridge University Press.
Lund, C., 2021. Nine-Tenths of the Law: Enduring Dispossession in Indonesia. Yale University Press, 264 pages
Nayak, P., 2021. Land Reforms and Land Titling: Emerging Paradigms of Land Governance in India. India: Sage publications. ISBN: 978-93-5388-521-2
Trench, T., Larson, A.M., Amico, A.L., Ravikumar, A., 2018. Analyzing multilevelgovernance in Mexico. Lessons for REDD+ from a study of land-use change and benefit sharing in Chiapas and Yucatán. Working Paper 236. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.
Kaimowitz, D., and Tomaselli, F., 2020. Power to the Forest People. Tendencies, Impact and the Future of Locally Controlled Forests. In Nikolakis, W., and Innes, J.L., (eds) The Wicked Problem of Forest Policy. Cambridge University Press
Grey Literature (news article, reports, working paper)
Indigenous Sami under threat from logging in Sweden, Global Forest Coalition
Kowler LF, Ravikumar A, Larson AM, Rodriguez-Ward D, Burga C and Gonzales Tovar J. 2016. Analyzing multilevel governance in Peru: Lessons for REDD+ from the study of land- use change and benefit sharing in Madre de Dios, Ucayali and San Martin. Working Paper 203. Bogor, Indonesia: CIFOR.