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Carmen Romeralo Tapia

Carmen Romeralo
I studied forestry (BSc and MSc) and made my PhD on Forest Pathology. I am interested in studying tree fungal diseases, host-pathogen interactions and control of plant diseases, especially biological control using fungal endophytes.


I am a forest pathologist interested in studying tree fungal diseases, host-pathogen interactions and control of plant diseases. I have a keen interest in invasive pathogens and ways to obviate their impact. I am currently working with the identification of Phytophthora resistant trees and with the natural regeneration on on Phytophthora-infested soils.

I have interest in fungal endophytes (i.e. fungi that live inside plants) and how they vary in different ecosystems, their relation to host physiology and how they influence plant disease.


During the development of my PhD, I took part in the teaching activity (lecture, lab
and/or field work) of the following University courses: Forest Pest and Diseases (Master MEDfOR, Erasmus Mundus Master Course Programme); Diagnosis and control of forest diseases (Master of Research in Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forest Systems) and Forest Pest and Diseases (Bachelor of Forestry Engineering).


Professional and academic experience 

2020-2021 MSCA Postdoctoral Researcher. Forest Pathology Group. Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre. SLU, Alnarp. Identification of Phytophthora resistant beech trees by composition of endophyte communities, lesion formation and phenomics approaches.

2019-202o Postdoctoral Researcher from Carl Trygger's foundation at Southern Sweden Forest Research Centre, from SLU, Alnarp, Sweden. "Consequences of tree decline for seedling performance via maternal effects".

2017-2018 Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Valladolid. 

2015-2016 Research collaborator-Transfer of knowledge agent at Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, University of Valladolid.
2010-2015 PhD Student at University of Valladolid.
2008-2009 Undergraduate Research Assistant at Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology from Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
2005-2008 Forest Engineer (Forest Pathologist) at Tecmena S.L., Madrid, Spain. 

2015 PhD University of Valladolid.
2012 Master´s Degree in Conservation and Sustainable Use of Forest Systems. University of Valladolid.
2010 MSc Forest Engineer. University of Lleida.
2005 BSc Forest Engineer. University of Valladolid.

Selected publications

Peer-reviewed journals:

11. Romeralo C., Coté C., Laflamme G., Paredes V., Santamaria O., Diez JJ (2020). Decline produced by Gremmeniella abietina of pure and mixed stands in Northern Spain by field evaluation and remote sensing. (Under revision in Forest Ecology and Management July 2020).

10. Vainio E.J., Bezos D., Bragança H., Cleary,M., Fourie G., Georgieva M., Ghelardini L., Hannunen S., Ioos R., Martín-García J., Martínez Álvarez P. Mullett M, Oszako T., Papazova –Anakieva I., Piškur B., Romeralo C., Sanz-Ros A-V., Steenkamp E.T., Tubby K., Wingfield M.J., Diez J.J. (2019). Sampling and detection strategies for the Pine Pitch Canker (PPC) disease pathogen Fusarium circinatum in Europe. Forests 10 (9): 723. 

9. González-Moreno P, Lazzaro L, Vilà M, Preda C, Adriaens T, Bacher S, Brundu G, Copp GH, Essl F, García-Berthou E, Katsanevakis S, Moen TL, Lucy FE, Nentwig W, Roy H, Srėbalienė G, Talgø V, Vanderhoeven S, Andjelković A, Arbačiauskas K, Auger-Rozenberg M-A, Bae M-J, Bariche M, Boets P, Boieiro M, Borges PA, Canning-Clode J, Cardigos F, Chartosia N, Cottier-Cook EJ, Crocetta F, D’hondt B, Foggi B, Follak S, Gallardo B, Gammelmo Ø, Giakoumi S, Giuliani C, Guillaume F, Jelaska LS, Jeschke JM, Jover M, Juárez-Escario A, Kalogirou S, Kočić A, Kytinou E, Laverty C, Lozano V, Maceda-Veiga A, Marchante E, Marchante H, Martinou AF, Meyer S, Michin D, Montero-Castaño A, Morais MC, Morales-Rodriguez C, Muhthassim N, Nagy ZA, Ogris N, Onen H, Pergl J, Puntila R, Rabitsch W, Ramburn TT, Rego C, Reichenbach F, Romeralo C, Saul W-C, Schrader G, Sheehan R, Simonović P, Skolka M, Soares AO, Sundheim L, Tarkan AS, Tomov R, Tricarico E, Tsiamis K, Uludağ A, van Valkenburg J, Verreycken H, Vettraino AM, Vilar L, Wiig Ø, Witzell J, Zanetta A, Kenis M (2019) Consistency of impact assessment protocols for non-native species. NeoBiota 44: 1-25.

8. Romeralo C.*, Bezos D.*, Martínez-Álvarez P., Diez J.J. (2018). Vertical Transmission of Fusarium circinatum Mitoviruses FcMV1 and FcMV2-2 via Microconidia. Forests 9, 356; doi:10.3390/f9060356. * (both authors contributed equally).

7. Romeralo C., Witzell J., Diez J.J. (2016). Aleppo pine provenances vary in susceptibility and secondary chemical response to Gremmeniella abietina infection. Plant Pathology 65: 664-672. 

6. Romeralo C., Witzell J., Romeralo-Tapia R., Botella L., Diez J.J. (2015). Antagonistic activity of fungal endophyte filtrates against Gremmeniella abietina infections on Aleppo pine seedlings. European Journal of Plant Pathology 143: 691-704 

5. Romeralo C., Santamaria O., Pando V., Diez J.J. (2015). Fungal endophytes reduce necrosis length produced by Gremmeniella abietina in Pinus halepensis seedlings. Biological Control 80: 30-39.
4. Romeralo, C., Diez, J.J., Santiago, F. (2012). Presence of fungi in pine needles found to correlate with air quality as measured by bioindicators in Northern Spain. Forest Pathology 42: 443-453. 
3. Romeralo C., Botella L., Santamaria O., Diez J., (2012). Effect of putative mitoviruses on in vitro growth of Gremmeniella abietina isolates under different laboratory conditions. Forest Systems 21 (3): 515-525.
2. Prieto-Recio, C., Romeralo, C., Bezos, D., Martín-García, J., Martínez-Álvarez, P., Botella, L., Diez, J.J. (2012). First Report of Heterobasidion annosum on Pinus pinaster in Spain. Plant Disease 96: 770-770.
1. Oliva, J., Romeralo, C., Stenlid, J. (2011). Accuracy of the Rotfinder instrument in detecting decay on Norway spruce (Picea abies) trees. Forest Ecology and Management 262: 1378-1386. 
Publications in peer-reviewed conference proceedings:
Romeralo, C., Côté C., Laflamme G., Santamaría, O., Paredes V., Diez, J.J. Estudio de la presencia y distribución de Gremmeniella abietina en Castilla y León a través de evaluación en campo e imágenes de satélite. 7th Spanish Forest Congress, Plasencia, Spain. June 2017.
Romeralo, C., Witzell, J., Diez, J.J. Diferentes procedencias de pino carrasco varían en su respuesta a la infección del patógeno Gremmeniella abietina. III Reunión Grupo de Trabajo de Sanidad Forestal. Madrid, October 2015.
Romeralo C., Botella L., Santamaría O., Diez J.J. Fungal endophytes reduced necrosis length produced by Gremmeniella abietina in Pinus halepensis seedlings. 5th International Symposium on Plant Protection and Plant Health in Europe. Endophytes for plant protection: the state of the art. Berlin, Germany, 2013.
Romeralo C., Botella L., Santamaría O., Diez J.J. Control biológico de Gremmeniella abietina con endófitos en plántulas de pino carrasco en invernadero. 6th Spanish Forest Congress. Vitoria, Spain, 2013.
Romeralo Tapia C., Oliva Palau J., Stenlid J. Fiabilidad del instrumento de precisión Rotfinder en la detección de la pudrición de árboles en pie. 5º Congreso Forestal Español. Ávila, España. September 2009.
Romeralo C., Díez J., Santiago N.F. Estudio de bioindicadores relacionados con la contaminación e incidencia en masas de Pinus sylvestris L. próximas a una central térmica en el norte de España. V Internacional Congress / XI National Congress of Environmental Sciences. University of Morelos State, Mexico, 2006.