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Matthias Peichl

Matthias Peichl
I am a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Forest Ecology and Management. My research focus is on the terrestrial biosphere-atmosphere exchanges of carbon, water and greenhouse gases.


My primary research interest is the terrestrial biosphere-atmosphere exchange of water, energy and greenhouse gases (i.e. carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide) and its underlying physio-biogeochemical drivers. Moreover, I am interested in the partitioning of ecosystem carbon pools and flux pathways in relation to their biotic and abiotic controls. Most of my work is carried out using a combination of micrometeorological, flux chamber and vegetation monitoring methods, and is directed towards integrating field measurements with process-based modelling. My current research focus is on the coupling of carbon and water cycles in boreal peatland and forest landscapes. In addition, exploring the role of plant phenology as a driver of the peatland carbon cycle is a major interest of my ongoing work. The overarching goal of my research is identifying the implications of climate and land use changes on processes and functioning of terrestrial ecosystems and their role in the climate system.

Selected publications


Peichl, M., M. Gažovič, I. Vermeij, E. de Goede, O. Sonnentag, J. Limpens and M.B. Nilsson, 2018. Peatland vegetation composition and phenology drive the seasonal trajectory of maximum gross primary production. Scientific Reports 8:8012


Järveoja, J., M.B. Nilsson, M. Gažovič, P.M. Crill and M. Peichl, 2018. Partitioning of the net CO2 exchange using an automated chamber system reveals plant phenology as key control of production and respiration fluxes in a boreal peatland. Global Change Biology 24, 3436-3451


Jurevics, A., M. Peichl, and G. Egnell, 2018. Stand volume production in the subsequent stand during four decades remains unaffected by slash and stump harvest in Nordic forests. Forests 9:770


Wang, S., X. Lu, X. Chen, X. Li, M. Peichl, I. Mammarella, 2018. Limitations and Challenges of MODIS-derived Phenological Metrics Across Different Landscapes in Pan-Arctic Regions. Remote Sensing 10:1784


Franz, D., [83 more authors], M. Peichl, [37 more authors], and T. Vesala, 2018. Towards long-term standardised carbon and greenhouse gas observations for monitoring Europe´s terrestrial ecosystems. International Agrophysics 32:439-455


Gielen, B., [29 more authors], M. Peichl, [3 more authors], and G. Wohlfahrt, 2018. Ancillary vegetation measurements at ICOS ecosystem stations. International Agrophysics 32:645-664


Hufkens, K., G. Filippa, E. Cremonese, M. Migliavacca, P. D’Odorico, M. Peichl, B. Gielen, L. Hörtnagl, K. Soudani, D. Papale, C. Rebmann, T. Brown and L. Wingate, 2018. Assimilating phenology datasets automatically across ICOS ecosystem stations. International Agrophysics 32:677-687


Pavelka, M., [17 more authors], M. Peichl, [8 more authors], and W. Kutsch, 2018. Standardisation of chamber technique for CO2, N2O and CH4 fluxes measurements from terrestrial ecosystems. International Agrophysics 32:569-587


Rebmann, C., [30 more authors], M. Peichl, [7 more authors], and D. Franz, 2018. ICOS eddy covariance flux-station site setup. International Agrophysics 32, 471-494


Alekseychik, P., I. Mammarella, A. Lindroth, A. Lohila, M. Aurela, T. Laurila, V. Kasurinen, M. Lund, J. Rinne, M.B. Nilsson, M. Peichl, K. Minkkinen, N.J. Shurpali, E.-S. Tuittila, P.J. Martikainen, J.-P. Tuovinen and T. Vesala, 2018. Surface energy exchange in pristine and managed boreal peatlands. Mires and Peat 21, 1–26


Nakhavali, M., P. Friedlingstein, R. Lauerwald, J. Tang, S. Chadburn, M. Camino-Serrano, B. Guenet, A. Harper, D. Walmsley, M. Peichl and B. Gielen, 2018. Representation of dissolved organic carbon in the JULES land surface model (vn4.4_JULES-DOCM). Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 593–609


Qiu, C., [39 more authors], Peichl, M., Pirk, N., Peltola, O., Pawlak, W., Rebmann, C., Rasse, D., Rinne, J., Shaver, G., Schmid, H. P., Sottocornola, M., Steinbrecher, R., Sachs, T., Urbaniak, M., Zona, D., and Ziemblinska, K., 2018. ORCHIDEE-PEAT, a model for northern peatland CO2, water and energy fluxes on daily to annual scales. Geosci. Model Dev. 11, 497-519


von Buttlar, J., [21 more authors], Peichl, M., Rambal, S., Raschi, A., Scott, R. L., Vaccari, F. P., van Gorsel, E., Varlagin, A., Wohlfahrt, G., and Mahecha, M. D. 2018. Impacts of droughts and extreme temperature events on gross primary production and ecosystem respiration: a systematic assessment across ecosystems and climate zones. Biogeosciences 15, 1293-1318


Jocher, G., J. Marshall, M.B. Nilsson, S. Linder, G. De Simon, T. Hörnlund, T. Lundmark, T. Näsholm, M. Ottosson Löfvenius, L. Tarvainen, G. Wallin and M. Peichl, 2018. Impact of canopy decoupling and subcanopy advection on the annual carbon balance of a boreal Scots pine forest as derived from eddy covariance. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 123 doi10.1002/2017JG003988


Ren S., S. Yi, M. Peichl and X. Wang, 2018. Diverse responses of vegetation phenology to climate change in different grasslands in Inner Mongolia during 2000-2016. Remote Sensing 10, 17.


Chan F.C.C., M.A. Arain, M. Khomik, J.J. Brodeur, M. Peichl, N. Restrepo-Coupe, R. Thorne, E. Beamesderfer, S. McKenzie, B. Xu, H. Croft, M. Pejam, J. Trant, M. Kula, R. Skubel, 2018. Carbon, water and energy exchange dynamics of a young pine plantation forest during the initial fourteen years of growth. Forest Ecology and Management 410: 12–26



Tang, X, H. Li, M. Ma, L. Yao, M. Peichl, A. Arain, X. Xu, and M. Goulden, 2017. How do disturbances and climate effects on carbon and water fluxes differ between multi-aged and even-aged coniferous forests? Science of The Total Environment 599-600: 1583–1597


Nijp, J.J., K. Metselaar, J. Limpens, C. Teutschbein, M. Peichl, M. B. Nilsson, and F. Berendse, S. E.A.T.M. van der Zee, 2017. Including hydrological self-regulating processes in peatland models: Effects on peatmoss drought projections. Science of The Total Environment 580: 1389-1400


Zhao, J., M. Peichl, and M.B. Nilsson, 2017. Long-term enhanced winter soil frost alters growing season CO2 fluxes through its impact on vegetation development in a boreal peatland. Global Change Biology 23: 3139–3153


Jocher, G., M. Ottosson Löfvenius, G. De Simon, T. Hörnlund, S. Linder, T. Lundmark, J. Marshall, M.B. Nilsson, T. Näsholm, L. Tarvainen, M. Öquist and M. Peichl, 2017. Apparent winter CO2 uptake by a boreal forest due to decoupling. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 232:23-34


Wu, C., D. Peng; K. Soudani; L. Siebicke; C.M. Gough; M.A. Arain; G. Bohrer; P.M. Lafleur; M. Peichl; A. Gonsamo; S. Xu; B. Fang; Q. Ge, 2017. Land surface phenology derived from normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) at global FLUXNET sites. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 233:171–182


Wandera, L., K. Mallick, G. Kiely, O. Roupsard, M. Peichl, and V. Magliulo, 2017. Upscaling instantaneous to daily evapotranspiration using modelled daily shortwave radiation for remote sensing applications: an Artificial Neural Network approach. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 21: 197–215



Zhao, J., M. Peichl, M.Öquist and M.B. Nilsson, 2016. Gross primary production controls the subsequent winter CO2 exchange in a boreal peatland. Global Change Biology (available online), doi: 10.1111/gcb.13308


Zhao, J., M. Peichl and M.B. Nilsson, 2016. Enhanced winter soil frost reduces methane emission during the subsequent growing season in a boreal peatland. Global Change Biology 22:750-62


Jurevics, A., M. Peichl, B. Olsson, M. Strömgren, and G. Egnell, 2016. Slash and stump harvest have no general impact on soil and tree biomass C pools after 32-39 years. Forest Ecology and Management 371:33-41


Järveoja, J., M. Peichl, M. Maddison, K. Soosaar, K. Vellak, E. Karofeld, A. Teemusk and Ü. Mander, 2016. Impact of water table level on annual carbon and greenhouse gas balances of a restored peat extraction area. Biogeosciences 13: 2637-2651


Järveoja, J., M. Peichl, M. Maddison, A. Teemusk and Ü. Mander, 2016. Full carbon and greenhouse gas balances of fertilized and non-fertilized reed canary grass cultivations on an abandoned peat extraction area in a dry year. Global Change Biology – Bioenergy 8:952-968



Peichl, M., O. Sonnentag and M.B. Nilsson, 2015. Bringing color into the picture: Using digital repeat photography to investigate phenology controls of the carbon dioxide exchange in a boreal mire. Ecosystems 18, 115-131


Skubel, R., M.A. Arain, M. Peichl, J.J. Brodeur, M. Khomik, R. Thorne, J. Trant and M. Kula, 2015. Age effects on the water use efficiency and water use dynamics of temperate pine plantation Forests. Hydrological Processes 29: 4100-4113 DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10549


Nijp, J.J., J. Limpens, K. Metselaar, M. Peichl, M. B. Nilsson, S E.A.T.M. van der Zee and F. Berendse, 2015. Rain events decrease boreal peatland net CO2 uptake through reduced light availability. Global Change Biology 21: 2309-2320, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12864


Egnell, G., A. Jurevics and M. Peichl, 2015. Negative effects of stem and stump harvest and deep soil cultivation on the soil carbon and nitrogen pools are mitigated by enhanced tree growth. Forest Ecology and Management 338: 57-6715



Peichl, M., A.M. Arain, T.R. Moore, J.J. Brodeur, M. Khomik, S. Ullah, N. Restrepo-Coupé, J. McLaren and M.R. Pejam, 2014. Carbon and greenhouse gas balances in an age-sequence of temperate pine plantations. Biogeosciences, 11, 5399-5410


Peichl, M., M. Öquist, M. Ottosson-Löfvenius, U. Ilstedt, J. Sagerfors, A. Grelle, A. Lindroth and M.B. Nilsson, 2014. A 12-year record reveals pre-growing season temperature and water table level threshold effects on the net carbon dioxide uptake in a boreal fen. Environmental Research Letters 9, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/1089/1085/055006


Abdalla, M., A. Hastings, M.A.Bell, J.U.Smith, M. Richards, M.B.Nilsson, M. Peichl, M.O. Löfvenius, M.Lund, C. Helfter, E. Nemitz, M.A. Sutton, M. Aurela, A. Lohila, T. Laurila, H. Dolman,L. Belelli-Marchesini, M. Pogson, E. Jones, J. Drewer, M. Droslerand P. Smith. Simulation of CO2and attribution analysis at six European peatland sites using the ECOSSE model.Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 225: 2182


Song B., S. Niu, R. Luo, Y. Luo, J. Chen, G. Yu, J. Olejnik, G. Wohlfahrt, G. Kiely, A. Noormets, L. Montagnani, A. Cescatti, V. Magliulo, B.E. Law, M. Lund, A. Varlagin, A. Raschi, M. Peichl, M.B. Nilsson and L. Merbold, 2014. Divergent apparent temperature sensitivity of terrestrial ecosystem respiration. J Plant Ecol, doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtu014.


Serrano, M.C., B. Gielen,  S. Luyssaert, B. Guenet, S. Vicca,  B. De Vos, N. Cools, W. Borken, B. Ahrens, N. Clarke, E. Graf-Pannatier, T. Nieminen,L. Schwendenmann, T. Moore, B. Clarkson,  M.B. Nilsson, H. Laudon, A. Don, J. Siemens, M. Peichl, A. Arain, T. Cummins, P. Ciais and I. Janssens, 2014. Factors controlling the site-to-site variability of dissolved organic carbon concentrations in soil solution. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2013GB004726.


Wellock, M., R. Rafique, C.M. LaPerle, M. Peichl and G. Kiely, 2014. Changes in ecosystem carbon stocks in a grassland ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) afforestation chronosequence in Ireland. Journal of Plant Ecology; available online, doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtt060


Wu, H.B., C.H. Peng, T.R. Moore, D. Hua, C.S. Li, Q.A. Zhu, M. Peichl, M.A. Arain and Z.T. Guo, 2014. Modeling dissolved organic carbon in temperate forest soils: TRIPLEX-DOC model development and validation. Geoscientific Model Development6(2): 3473-3508



Peichl, M., J. Sagerfors, A. Lindroth, I. Buffam, A. Grelle, L. Klemedtsson, H. Laudon and M.B. Nilsson, 2013. Energy exchange and water budget partitioning in a boreal minerogenic mire.Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, doi:10.1029/2012JG002073


Peichl, M., O. Sonnentag, G. Wohlfahrt, L.B. Flanagan, D.D. Baldocchi, G. Kiely, M. Galvagno, D. Gianelle, B. Marcolla, C. Pio, M. Migliavacca, M. Jones and M. Saunders, 2013. Convergence of potential net ecosystem production among contrasting C3 grasslands. Ecology Letters 16: 502-512


Ying, C., W. Shaoqiang, W. Jingyuan, M. Peichl and S. Falahatar, 2013. Dissolved organic carbon dynamics and controls of planted slash pine forest soil in subtropical region in Southern China. Journal of Resources and Ecology 4: 105–114.



Peichl, M., Carton, O. and G. Kiely, 2012. Management effects on carbon dioxide and energy exchanges in a maritime grassland. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment 158: 132-146


Peichl, M., Leava, N.A., and G. Kiely, 2012. Above- and belowground ecosystem biomass, carbon and nitrogen allocation in recently afforested grassland and adjacent intensively managed grassland. Plant and Soil 350: 281-296


MacKay, S., M. A. Arain, M. Khomik, J. J. Brodeur, J. Schumacher, H. Hart, and M. Peichl, 2012. The impact of induced drought on transpiration and growth in a temperate pine plantation forest. Hydrological Processes 26(12): 1779-1791



Peichl, M., P. Leahy, and G. Kiely, 2011. Six-year stable annual uptake of carbon dioxide in intensively managed humid temperate grassland. Ecosystems 14: 112–126


Huang, S., M. A. Arain, V. K. Arora, F. Yuan, J. Brodeur, and M. Peichl, 2011. Analysis of nitrogen controls on carbon and water exchanges in a conifer forest using the CLASS-CTEMN+ model. Ecological Modelling 222:3743-3760


Rafique, R., Peichl, M., Hennessy, D., and G. Kiely, 2011. Evaluating management effects on nitrous oxide emissions from grasslands using the process based DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC) model. Atmospheric Environment 45(33): 6029-6039



Peichl, M., Arain, M.A, and J.J. Brodeur, 2010. Age effects on carbon fluxes in temperate pine forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 1090-1101


Peichl, M., Brodeur, J.J., Khomik, M., and M.A. Arain, 2010. Biometric and eddy-covariance based estimates of ecosystem carbon exchange in an age-sequence of temperate pine forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 150: 952-965


Peichl, M., Arain, M.A., Ullah, S. and T.R. Moore, 2010. Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide exchanges in an age-sequence of temperate pine forests. Global Change Biology 16: 2198-2212


Evers, A.K., Bambrick, A., Lacombe, S., Dougherty, M.C., Peichl, M., Gordon, A.M., Thevathasan, N.V., Whalen, J., and R.L. Bradley, 2010. Potential   greenhouse gas mitigation through temperate tree-based intercropping systems. The Open Agricultural Journal, 4:49-57


Khomik, M., M. A. Arain, J. J. Brodeur, M. Peichl, N. Restrepo-Coupe, and J. D. McLaren, 2010. Relative contributions of soil, foliar and woody tissue respiration to total ecosystem respiration in four, pine forests of different ages, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 115, G03024, doi:10.1029/2009JG001089



McLaren, J.D., M.A. Arain, M. Khomik, M. Peichl, and J.J. Brodeur, 2008. Water flux components and soil water-atmospheric controls in a temperate pine forest growing in a well drained sandy soil. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 113, G04031, doi:10.1029/2007JG000653



Peichl, M. and Arain, M.A., 2007. Allometry and partitioning of above- and belowground tree biomass in an age-sequence of white pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 253: 68-80


Peichl, M., Moore, T., Arain, M.A., Dalva, M., Brodkey, D., and J. McLaren, 2007. Concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic carbon in an age-sequence of white pine plantation forests in southern Ontario, Canada. Biogeochemistry 86: 1-17



Peichl, M. and M.A. Arain, 2006. Above- and belowground ecosystem biomass and carbon pools in an age-sequence of white pine plantations in southern Ontario, Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 140: 51-63


Peichl, M., Thevathasan, N.V., Huss, J. and A.M. Gordon, 2006. Carbon sequestration potentials in temperate tree-based intercropping systems in southern Ontario, Canada. Agroforestry Systems 66: 243-257


M. Kohler, B. Köckemann, M. Peichl, J. Schmitt and A. Reif, 2006. Impacts of the drought 2003 on the crown condition of suppressed and intermediate beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) at the ecotone between beech and downy oak forest in the nature reserve Innerberg, Sudbaden. Allgemeine Forst und Jagdzeitung 177: 86-91 

Senior Lecturer at the Department of Forest Ecology and Management; Mark, vegetation, luft och interaktion
Telephone: +46-90-786 8463
Work description: My research focus is on the terrestrial biosphere-atmosphere exchanges of water, energy and greenhouse gases. My special interest is the role of plant phenology as a control on these exchange processes.
Postal address:
Skogens ekologi och skötsel
901 83 Umeå
Visiting address: Skogsmarksgränd 17, Umeå