My research interests include various aspects of rural livelihoods and the policies affecting them in Southern and Eastern Africa as well as in rural Sweden. I have tried to understand local perspectives of policies and development interventions that affect people’s livelihoods, such as agricultural development projects and poverty relief programmes. I have also studied opportunities for local jobs and informal income-generating activities in rural areas. The effects of AIDS on young people’s future livelihood opportunities have been in focus in a previous project. I am also interested in discourses, myths and narratives about rural dwellers, their livelihoods and their effects on the environment. I have analysed discourses concerning climate compensation through forest plantation in Uganda and large-scale land acquisitions in Tanzania. Since 2015 I have two research projects focusing on the material, social and relational effects of cash transfers in rural South Africa, Malawi and Lesotho. The most recent research project focuses on livelihoods and diversification in Swedish farming. Theories used are often drawn from geography, livelihoods analyses and the critical discourse and governmentality literature. Countries where I am doing research: South Africa, Malawi, Lesotho, Uganda, Tanzania and Sweden.
Lectures at the agronomy programme, supervision of Master's theses.
List of current projects. For all research projects and publications resulting from these, see pdf-file "list of publications by project".
Can cash transfers have long-term effects on rural livelihoods in poor countries: Learning lessons from the effects of the child grant in South Africa.
I am project leader for this project, funded by Formas (2015-18). The project aims to investigate long-term effects of cash transfers on rural livelihoods, through following up household livelihoods and the effects of pensions and child grants in two villages surveyed in 2002 in rural South Africa. The project aims to give input into a discussion on the potential of “basic income grants”. The project includes PhD student Stefan Granlund.
I am a researcher in this project, funded by ESCR/DFID in the U.K. (2015-18). The project looks at how cash transfers in Malawi and Lesotho have impacted over time on young people’s livelihoods and their relations with older generations. The project follows up on interviews with young people aged 10-24 made in 2007-08 in Malawi and Lesotho. Five other researchers at three universities in the UK and at University of Malawi and National University of Lesotho are part of the project.
Conservation, carbon, communities: Swedish carbon purchases through forest plantations in Uganda.
I was project leader for this project, funded by the Swedish Research Council (VR) (2013-16). The project studied discourse, policy and practice in connection to Swedish carbon emission reduction purchases through CDM forest plantations in Uganda, which simultaneously aim to benefit local communities. The project included researcher Klara Fischer. One final publication is still in review and we aim to apply for a new project on a similar topic 2019.
Large-scale agro investments in Tanzania: Impacts on smallholder land access and food security
I was project leader for this project, funded by Formas and Sida (2012-15). The project studied the discourses surrounding large-scale agro investments in Tanzania and the impacts of discourses and activities on local livelihoods. The project included PhD student Linda Engström who defended her thesis 21st Sept 2018. Available here: Link to epsilon database
One paper remains to be published from the project and Linda aims to apply for future research grants on to develop this topic.
The prospects for Swedish farming: Agrarian change and household strategies.
I am project leader for this project, funded by Formas (2016-19). The project focuses on studying agrarian change in Sweden and how households have dealt with changes in various ways. This is done through following up a study with 260 agrarian households made 1992. Through interviews with a selection of households, we focus on understanding strategies the farmers have used to handle changing social and environmental conditions for farming and their ideas about the future. The project includes the researchers Erik Westholm, Cecilia Waldenström and Camilla Eriksson.
Partners I currently actively cooperate with:
David Neves, University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Ass.Prof. Tessa Hochfeld, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Evance Mwathunga, University of Malawi, Malawi
Thandie Hlabana, National University of Lesotho, Lesotho
Prof. Nicola Ansell, Brunel University, UK
Prof. Lorraine van Blerk, Dundee University, UK
Dr. Elsbeth Robson, University of Hull
Associate Professor in Rural Development, 2014
PhD from the Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Linköping University, 2006
MSc from Uppsala University, major Human Geography, minors Antrhopology and Earth Sciences, 2000
Supervision of PhD students
Klara Fischer (Jacobson), defended in 2013
Linda Engström, Main supervisor, defended 2018
Jovita Amurwon (Main supervisor)
Stefan Granlund (Main supervisor)
I also supervise MSc students who often do their studies within my projects.
Selected publications (for full list see pdf)
Engström L, Hajdu F 2018 Conjuring ‘Win-World’ – Resilient Development Narratives in a Large-Scale Agro-Investment in Tanzania. Journal of Development Studies. Published online 1 March 2018. DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2018.1438599
Fischer K, Hajdu F 2017 The importance of the will to improve: how ‘sustainability’ sidelined local livelihoods in a carbon-forestry investment in Uganda. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning. Published online: 04 Dec 2017 https://doi.org/10.1080/1523908X.2017.1410429
Amurwon J, Hajdu F, Bukenya Yiga D, and Seeley J 2017 “Helping my neighbour is like giving a loan…” –the role of social relations in chronic illness in rural Uganda. BMC Health Services Research 17:705 Available Open Access: DOI 10.1186/s12913-017-2666-5
Ansell, N, Hajdu, F, van Blerk, L and Robson, E 2017 ‘My happiest time’ or ‘my saddest time’? The spatial and generational construction of marriage among youth in rural Malawi and Lesotho. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. Published online: 19 Oct 2017. Available Open Access. DOI:10.1111/tran.12211
Ansell N, Hajdu F, Van Blerk L and Robson E 2017 Fears for the future: The incommensurability of securitisation and in/securities among southern African youth. Social & Cultural Geography Pages 1-27, Published online: 14 Jul 2017. Available Open Access: DOI:10.1080/14649365.2017.1344871
Hajdu F, Fischer K, Penje O 2016 Questioning the use of ‘degradation’ in climate mitigation: A case study of a forest carbon CDM project in Uganda. Land Use Policy. 59 (31) 412–422. Available Open Access. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.09.016
Fischer K, Hajdu F, Cavallin Giertta F 2016 Commentary on the paper by Lyons and Westoby “Carbon colonialism and the new land grab: Plantation forestry in Uganda and its livelihood impacts”, Journal of Rural Studies. (47) 267-268.
Ansell N, Hajdu F, van Blerk L, Robson E, 2016 AIDS-affected young people's access to livelihood assets: exploring 'new variant famine' in rural southern Africa. Journal of Rural Studies (46) 23–34. Available Open Access.DOI:10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.05.008
Hajdu F, Fischer K 2016 Problems, causes and solutions in the forest carbon discourse: A framework for analysing degradation narratives. Climate and Development. DOI:10.1080/17565529.2016.1174663
Amurwon J, Hajdu F, Seeley J 2015 The relevance of timing of illness and death events in the household life cycle for coping outcomes in rural Uganda in the era of HIV. International Journal for Equity in Health 14:105 Available Open Access. DOI: 10.1186/s12939-015-0253-0.
Fischer K, Hajdu F 2015 Does raising maize yields lead to poverty reduction? A study of the ‘Massive Food Production Programme’ in South Africa. Land Use Policy 46, 304-13. DOI:10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.03.015
Ansell N, Tsoeu S, Hajdu F 2015 Women’s changing domestic responsibilities in neoliberal Africa: a relational time-space analysis of Lesotho’s garment industry. Gender, Place and Culture 22 (3) 363-382 DOI: 10.1080/0966369X.2013.855712
Ansell N, Robson E, Hajdu F and van Blerk L 2014 Learning from young people about their lives: using participatory methods to research the impacts of AIDS in southern Africa. In Porter G, Townsend J and Hampshire K Children and Young People as Knowledge Producers. London: Routledge.
Ansell N, Hajdu F, Robson E and van Blerk L 2014 Reconceptualizing temporality in young lives: Exploring young people’s current and future livelihoods in AIDS-affected southern Africa. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 39 (3) 333–475 DOI: 10.1111/tran.12041
Hajdu F, Ansell N, Robson E, van Blerk L 2013 Rural young people’s opportunities for employment and entrepreneurship in globalised southern Africa: The limitations of targeting policies. International Development Planning Review. 35 (2) 155-174.
Ansell N, Robson E, Hajdu F, van Blerk, L 2012 Learning from young people about their lives: using participatory methods to research the impacts of AIDS in southern Africa. Children’s Geographies. 10 (2) 169-186.
Hajdu F, Jacobson K, Salomonsson L, Friman E 2012 “But tractors can’t fly”: A transdisciplinary analysis of neoliberal agricultural development interventions in South Africa. International Journal of Transdisciplinary Research 6 (1) 24-51.
Available Open Access: http://www.ijtr.org/Hajdu%20et%20al%20IJTR%20Article%202012.pdf
Ansell, N, van Blerk, L Hajdu F, Robson, E 2011 Spaces, times and critical moments: A relational time-space analysis of the impacts of AIDS on rural youth in Malawi and Lesotho Environment & Planning A 43 (3) 525-544
Hajdu F, Ansell N, Robson E and van Blerk L 2011 Income generating activities for young people in Southern Africa: Exploring AIDS and other constraints. Geographical Journal. 177 (3) 251–26
Ansell N, Robson E, Hajdu F, van Blerk L and Chipeta L 2009 The ‘new variant famine’ hypothesis: moving beyond the household in explaining links between AIDS and food insecurity in southern Africa. Progress in Development Studies 9 (3) 187-208.
External webpage for project on cash transfers and generational relations:
Profile at ResearchGate where most of the papers can be downloaded: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Flora_Hajdu