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MV0218

Environmental geochemistry

2020-10-12
Updates to schedule
Hi all, There were some errors in the course schedule. I also recieved wrong information that wednesday afternoons were opn for bookings. Most of these wednesday afternoons will now be made free again,except one (18/11 - Lab 1 - data treatment). I am in communication with SLU room bookings to all changes reflected in the central system, but for now, I urge you to consider the schedule downloadable on the course web page to be the only valid one.

The course evaluation is now closed

MV0218-20156 - Course evaluation report

Once the evaluation is closed, the course coordinator and student representative have 1 month to draft their comments. The comments will be published in the evaluation report.

Additional course evaluations for MV0218

Academic year 2019/2020

Environmental geochemistry (MV0218-20103) 2019-11-01 - 2020-01-19

Academic year 2018/2019

Environmental geochemistry (MV0218-20083) 2018-11-06 - 2019-01-20

MV0218 Environmental geochemistry, 15.0 Credits

Miljögeokemi

Syllabus approved

2017-11-15

Subjects

Soil science Environmental science

Education cycle

Second cycle

Modules

Title Credits Code
Theory  8.00 1002
Lab and computer exercises  6.00 1003
Seminar 1.00 1004

Advanced study in the main field

Second cycle, only first-cycle courses as entry requirements(A1N)

Grading scale

5:Pass with Distinction, 4:Pass with Credit, 3:Pass, U:Fail The requirements for attaining different grades are described in the course assessment criteria which are contained in a supplement to the course syllabus. Current information on assessment criteria shall be made available at the start of the course.

Language

English

Prior knowledge

Knowledge equivalent to:
• 150 ECTS first-cycle courses, including
• 60 ECTS in a scientific subject such as Biology, Agricultural Science, Soil Science, Earth Sciences, Environmental Science or Technology,
• 15 ECTS Chemistry,
• 15 ECTS Soil Science, Earth Sciences or Biology
and
• a level of English equivalent to upper-seconday-school English (Engelska 6).

Objectives

The overall objective of the course is to provide students with a deeper understanding of the processes that control solubility and transport of metals, nutrients and organic contaminants in soil and water systems, and give an introduction to risk assessment of contaminated soils. The course will provide students with a good theoretical foundation within the subject of soil and water chemistry for further studies at advanced level.
On completion of the course, students will be able to:
• describe how soil mineral and organic material is built up, and how it affects the chemical composition of soil water,
• describe the basic chemical principles controlling solubility of different types of elements and compounds, including organic contaminants, in the soil-water system,
• carry out quantitative calculations for various types of applied soil and water chemistry problems,
• present insight into the methodology used for risk assessment of areas contaminated with heavy metals and/or organic compounds,
• give an overview of common remediation methods used for contaminated soils,
• use some common computer-based geochemical model to quantitatively describe the distribution of elements and compounds in the soil-water system.

Content

The course provides students with knowledge of how basic chemical theory can be applied on different types of soil and water systems, e.g. in environmental risk assessments, environmental monitoring or providing advice on plant nutrition issues. Teaching takes the form of lectures, calculation, computer exercises, laboratory practicals and seminars, where computer exercises, laboratory practicals and seminars are mandatory. The course deals with the following topics:
• characterisation of solid soil components,
• processes in the water phase, and equilibrium with various mineral phases,
• sorption of ions and organic contaminants to soil and sediment materials,
• redox processes and their importance for the solubility of different elements in the soil and water systems,
• acidifying and acid-neutralising processes in soil and water systems,
• geochemical modelling,
• methods for risk assessment of soils contaminated with metals and organic pollutants,
• overview of remediation methods for contaminated soils,
• applications of soil and water chemistry theory within agriculture, forestry and environmental research.

Formats and requirements for examination

The following is required for a pass mark on the course:
• approved written examination,
• passed written assignments,
• approved participation in compulsory exercises.
  • If the student fails a test, the examiner may give the student a supplementary assignment, provided this is possible and there is reason to do so.
  • If the student has been granted special educational support because of a disability, the examiner has the right to offer the student an adapted test, or provide an alternative assessment.
  • If changes are made to this course syllabus, or if the course is closed, SLU shall decide on transitional rules for examination of students admitted under this syllabus but who have not yet passed the course.
  • For the examination of a degree project (independent project), the examiner may also allow the student to add supplemental information after the deadline. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.

Other information

  • The right to take part in teaching and/or supervision only applies to the course date to which the student has been admitted and registered on.
  • If there are special reasons, the student may take part in course components that require compulsory attendance at a later date. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.

Responsible department

Department of Soil and Environment

Further information

Determined by: Programnämnden för utbildning inom naturresurser och jordbruk (PN - NJ)
Replaces: MV0205, BI1094 (delvis)

Grading criteria: Environmental geochemistry, 15 HEC (MV0218), 2020

Objectives

Grade 3 - pass

Grade 4 – pass with credit

Grade 5 – pass with distinction

I. Describe how soil minerals and organic matter are built up, and how they affect the chemical composition of the soil water.

The student should be able to describe

  • the principles of X-ray diffraction of single crystals and crystalline powders and various types of close-packed arrangements;
  • the atomic structure of type structures as magnesium, aluminum, sodium chloride and cesium chloride;
  • the principle structures of silicate and clay minerals;
  • the principles of scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersion spectroscopy and their use for mineral identification.
  • the principle of weathering processes, and the balancing of chemical formulas of weathering reactions;
  • the chemical composition of soil organic matter and its importance for the soil and water system.

In addition, the student should be able to

  • present a general overview of silicate and clay minerals including their names, chemical formulas and structural build up;
  • calculate Miller indices for peaks in the diffraction patterns from structures with orthogonal symmetries (cubic, tetragonal and orthorhombic).
  • calculate atomic distances in simple orthogonal structures.

In addition, the student should be able to

  • present a detailed overview of silicate and clay minerals including their names, formulas and structural build up;
  • describe how organic matter interacts with acid and metal ions using chemical equilibria and formulas.

Objectives

Grade 3 - pass

Grade 4 – pass with credit

Grade 5 – pass with distinction

II. Use computer based approaches for identification of soil minerals

The student should be able to use a computer-based approach to identification of mineral phases and give an overview of its main structure.

The student should be able to use a computer-based approach to identification of mineral phases and explain and discuss its main structure.

The student should be able to use a computer-based approach to identification of mineral phases and reflect on its weaknesses and limitations.

Objectives

Grade 3 - pass

Grade 4 – pass with credit

Grade 5 – pass with distinction

III. Describe basic chemical principles controlling the solubility of inorganic elements and organic pollutants in the soil-water system.

The student should be able to

  • describe the basic principles and concepts of mineral solubility as well as the adsorption of ions and small molecules onto mineral surfaces;
  • describe the basic principles of complex formation in a soil-water solution including the concept of hard and soft metal ions and ligands;
  • make rough estimates through calculations of the distribution of ions and molecules between aqueous soil solution and adsorbed to mineral surfaces;
  • give examples of typical elements in natural systems which illustrate different mechanisms of solubility control;
  • describe the principles of distribution processes of organic pollutants in soil and water system;
  • briefly describe the Swedish methodology used for risk assessment of areas contaminated with heavy metals and/or organic compounds;
  • give an overview of common remediation methods used for contaminated soils.

The student should have a deeper understanding of:

  • the basic principles of complex formation in a soil-water solution;
  • describe the basic principles of complex formation in a soil-water solution including the concept of hard and soft metal ions and ligands;
  • make predictions through calculations of the distribution of ions and molecules between aqueous soil solution and adsorbed to mineral surfaces;
  • how the solubility of typical elements in natural systems is regulated and controlled;
  • the principles of distribution processes of organic pollutants in soil and water system.

In addition, the student should be able to explain in detail

  • the basic principles and concepts of mineral solubility, adsorption of ions and small molecules onto organo-mineral surfaces;
  • the significance of conditional stability constants of elements, and the expected effects of these constants in natural systems;
  • the principles of distribution processes of organic pollutants in soil and water system.

Objectives

Grade 3 - pass

Grade 4 – pass with credit

Grade 5 – pass with distinction

IV. Carry out quantitative calculations of various applied soil and water chemistry problems.

The student should be able to

  • perform calculations on simple systems in terms of mineral solubility, adsorption, complex formation and redox conditions;
  • perform calculations on simple systems in terms of the partitioning of organic pollutants between the solid, solution and gas phases.

The student should be able to

  • calculate stability constants obtained from experimental data on intermediate systems;
  • perform calculations on intermediate systems in terms of mineral solubility, adsorption, complex formation and redox conditions;
  • perform calculations on intermediate systems in terms of the partitioning of organic pollutants between the solid, solution and gas phases.

The student should be able to

  • calculate stability constants obtained from experimental data on complex systems;
  • perform calculations on complex systems in terms of mineral solubility, adsorption, complex formation and redox conditions;
  • perform calculations on complex systems in terms of the partitioning of organic pollutants between the solid, solution and gas phases.

V. Use common computer-based geochemical models.

The student should be able to use a computer-based geochemical model and give an overview of its main structure.

The student should be able to use a computer-based geochemical model and explain and discuss in detail its main structure.

The student should be able to use a computer-based geochemical model and reflect on its strengths, weaknesses and limitations.

Specific requirements of grading levels (only applicable on the whole course)

Mark 3 – Pass

  • The student should achieve at least 50% of the maximal number of points of the written exam
  • Participation in the laboratory exercises Chemical structure of soil minerals (lab 1) and pH-dependent solubility of lead in a contaminated soil (lab 2)
  • Compile a satisfactory report of the laboratory exercise Chemical structure of soil minerals (lab 1).
  • Compile a satisfactory report of the laboratory exercise pH-dependent solubility of lead in a contaminated soil (lab 2).
  • Participation in the computer exercise Geochemical modelling and oral presentation
  • Participation in the exercise Fugacity modelling and written report
  • Participation in the exercise Environmental chemistry of PFAS and oral presentation and short written report
  • Oral presentation of the seminar task “Scientific papers”

Mark 4 – Pass with credit

  • All requirements mentioned above (Mark 3) must be achieved.
  • Compile a satisfactory report of the laboratory exercise pH-dependent solubility of lead in a contaminated soil (lab 2); submitted before the deadline (deadline will be given by responsible teacher).
  • The student should achieve at least 65% of the maximal number of points of the written exam.

Mark 5 – Pass with Distinction

  • All requirements mentioned above (Mark 4) must be achieved.
  • The student should achieve at least 80% of the maximal number of points of the written exam.

Specific requirements for passing the sub-courses (no grading)

Theory (7 credits)

  • The student should achieve at least 50% of the maximal number of points of the written exam

Lab and computer exercises (5 credits)

  • Participation in the laboratory exercises Chemical structure of soil minerals (lab 1) and pH-dependent solubility of lead in a contaminated soil (lab 2)
  • Compile a satisfactory report of the laboratory exercise Chemical structure of soil minerals (lab 1).
  • Compile a satisfactory report of the laboratory exercise pH-dependent solubility of lead in a contaminated soil (lab 2).
  • Participation in the computer exercise Geochemical modelling and oral presentation
  • Participation in the exercise Fugacity modelling and written report
  • Participation in the exercise Environmental chemistry of PFAS and oral presentation and short written report

Calculation exercises, seminars (3 credits)

  • Oral presentation of the seminar task “Scientific papers”

Course facts

The course is offered as an independent course: Yes The course is offered as a programme course: Agriculture Programme - Soil/Plant EnvEuro - European Master in Environmental Science Soil, Water and Environment – Master´s Programme Agriculture Programme - Soil/Plant (270hec) Soil and Water Management - Master´s Programme Tuition fee: Tuition fee only for non-EU/EEA/Switzerland citizens: 38054 SEK Cycle: Second cycle
Subject: Soil science Environmental science
Course code: MV0218 Application code: SLU-20156 Location: Uppsala Distance course: No Language: English Responsible department: Department of Soil and Environment Pace: 100%