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Management of Biological Resources

What policy should we use to achieve a certain environmental quality at the lowest cost? How shall the combination of costly actions in different countries be in order to achieve an international cooperation? How much fish can be taken without running the risk of extinguishing it in the long run? What is the value of a cleaner Baltic Sea? What are the relationships between population, economic growth and environment? To what extent can the government or any other federal authority change property rights in order to improve the environmental quality? Advanced economic theory and methods are analysed and applied during the class to answer these questions.

Information from the course leader

For the first time ever I'm using Canvas as the main platform for information about the course. The page has just gone live, I hope it all works... I think I have to organize for you (students) to be invited. I'll check that out.

First class, on Tuesday
Hej! I've been looking forward to meeting you all on Tuesday, but under the current circumstances (covid recommendations) I can't justify holding a class IRL. Therefore the class will be shifted to zoom. I will put out a link on Monday. Sorry if this is a disappointment for some of you. On Tuesday we will discuss (among how things) how best to proceed with the teaching. /Rob

Welcome to the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Here you find important information that will be useful before arriving to Sweden and while you are a student. • You need to have a student account in order to access Ladok Student at SLU and to sign up for exams. • You must be admitted and registered to attend the course. Unregistered students may NOT stay on the premises, for reasons of insurance. • You have to register yourself via Ladok Student. The self-registration is open 5 workdays before the start of the course and 3 days after. If you have been admitted to the course with conditions, you cannot register online and must contact the course leader who decides if you can still register. Only registered students can participate in the course and have access to, for example, Canvas. • If you want to receive text messages with updates for the course, for example in case of cancelled lectures or room changes, please check that the correct mobile number is in Ladok Student. • During the second week of the course there will be a mandatory control of attendance. If you don´t participate in the control you risk losing your place on the course. • If you need special support, please inform the course leader at the start of the course, so that special arrangements can be made for example at the examination. Certificates from Nais shall be displayed every time. • If you cancel the course, you should immediately notify the course leader via email, who in turn informs the educational administration to register a course break in Ladok. • You are automatically registered for the ordinary exams in Ladok Student. You can find your anonymous code in Ladok Student. Please note that you still have to register yourself for the re-exam in Ladok Student. This applies only to exams and re-exams within the department of economics. • For corrected exams – contact If you have any questions, please contact the administration by emailing

Welcome to the course!
The course will be organized around a large number of short (15 to 30 minute) videos which Rob will record during October and November. We will have a small number of meetings (see schedule) which will be student-driven: comments, questions, and discussions. We will talk through this at the first meeting on 2 November. You should keep the meeting times free in your diaries, but note that we may not use all of the times. Note also that the meetings may have to shift to zoom in case the covid situation changes.

Course evaluation

The course evaluation is now closed

NA0168-20110 - Course evaluation report

Once the evaluation is closed, the course coordinator and student representative have 1 month to draft their comments. The comments will be published in the evaluation report.

Additional course evaluations for NA0168

Academic year 2022/2023

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20091)

2022-11-01 - 2023-01-15

Academic year 2021/2022

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20125)

2021-11-02 - 2022-01-16

Academic year 2019/2020

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20087)

2019-11-01 - 2020-01-19

Academic year 2018/2019

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20144)

2018-11-05 - 2019-01-20

Academic year 2017/2018

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20044)

2017-10-30 - 2018-01-14

Academic year 2016/2017

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20036)

2016-10-31 - 2017-01-15

Academic year 2015/2016

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20007)

2015-10-26 - 2016-01-17

Academic year 2014/2015

Management of Biological Resources (NA0168-20038)

2014-11-10 - 2015-01-18

Syllabus and other information


NA0168 Management of Biological Resources, 7.5 Credits

Förvaltning av Biologiska Resurser


Environmental Science Economics

Education cycle

Master’s level


Title Credits Code
Single module 7.5 0201

Advanced study in the main field

Second cycle, has only first-cycle course/s as entry requirementsMaster’s level (A1N)

Grading scale

5:Pass with Distinction, 4:Pass with Credit, 3:Pass, U:Fail The requirements for attaining different grades are described in the course assessment criteria which are contained in a supplement to the course syllabus. Current information on assessment criteria shall be made available at the start of the course.



Prior knowledge

Knowledge equivalent to English B from upper secondary school.

Knowledge equivalent to 180 credits of which 90 credits in Economics.


The goal of the course is to give a deeper knowledge in the economics of biological resources and their management. This course presents an economic analysis of renewable and nonrenewable biological resources. Concepts include static and dynamic efficiency, equity, property rights, discounting and market failure. The course will cover current and proposed policies for resource management such as transferable quotas, taxes, subsidies, regulations, and public versus private ownership.

With successful completion of this course, the student shall be able to:

- account for the possibilities and limitations of a market economy when it comes to the solution of environmental problems and the management of biological resources

- describe the economically optimal use of biological resources

- judge the usefulness of various environmental policy instruments in different situations

- use economic theory on actual resource management problems, including their temporal aspects


- Description of various biological resource management problems and economic explanations for why they arise

- Description of various policy instruments for biological resources

- Analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of various policy instruments in different situations

- Analysis of the temporal dimension of natural resource management and stock pollution

Formats and requirements for examination

Exam, project report, exercises and participation in obligatory meetings.

Passing grade on exam, passing grade on project report, passed assignments, and active participation in obligatory meetings.
- If a student has failed an examination, the examiner has the right to issue supplementary assignments. This applies if it is possible and there are grounds to do so.
- The examiner can provide an adapted assessment to students entitled to study support for students with disabilities following a decision by the university. Examiners may also issue an adapted examination or provide an alternative way for the students to take the exam.
- If this syllabus is withdrawn, SLU may introduce transitional provisions for examining students admitted based on this syllabus and who have not yet passed the course.
- For the examination of a degree project (independent project), the examiner may also allow the student to add supplemental information after the deadline for submission. Read more in the Education Planning and Administration Handbook.
  • If the student fails a test, the examiner may give the student a supplementary assignment, provided this is possible and there is reason to do so.
  • If the student has been granted special educational support because of a disability, the examiner has the right to offer the student an adapted test, or provide an alternative assessment.
  • If changes are made to this course syllabus, or if the course is closed, SLU shall decide on transitional rules for examination of students admitted under this syllabus but who have not yet passed the course.
  • For the examination of a degree project (independent project), the examiner may also allow the student to add supplemental information after the deadline. For more information on this, please refer to the regulations for education at Bachelor's and Master's level.

Other information

- The right to participate in teaching and/or supervision only applies for the course instance the student was admitted to and registered on.

- If there are special reasons, students are entitled to participate in components with compulsory attendance when the course is given again. Read more in the Education Planning and Administration Handbook.

Responsible department

Department of Economics

Further information

Determined by: UU för ekonomi, miljö och teknik
Replaces: NA0152

Grading criteria

Assessment will consist of (1) the examination; and (2) a short essay and seminar presentation on a recent paper. In the latter we will go beyond the textbooks and cover some material based on recent research.

The exam will test the student's ability to understand and work with (including solving) basic economic models related to dynamic management of biological resources and climate change, and to discuss the results of such models in relation to policy dilemmas. It accounts for 67 percent of the marks.

The essay will cover a research paper (essay) relevant to the topics we have discussed. The paper should contain an original research contribution.The focus is on how the theory we have learnt during lectures and exercises shapes up when it is faced by reality. Papers chosen must relate theoretical results to empirical data. The paper and presentation together account for 33 percent of the marks.

More details, including exact grade boundaries, will be announced shortly. Note however that to pass the course, all elements (exam, paper, presentation) must achieve at least a pass grade.

Litterature list

  1. Perman, R., Ma, Y., McGilvray, J., Common, M. (2011). Natural Resources and Environmental Economics. Fourth edition, Pearson, Harlow, UK, Chapters 2, 16-18. 1) Conrad Jon, M. (2010) Resource Economics. Second edition. Cambridge University Press

Course facts

The course is offered as an independent course: Yes Tuition fee: Tuition fee only for non-EU/EEA/Switzerland citizens: 13082 SEK Cycle: Master’s level (A1N)
Subject: Environmental Science Economics
Course code: NA0168 Application code: SLU-20110 Location: Uppsala Distance course: No Language: English Responsible department: Department of Economics Pace: 50%