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Broadleaves - Forest dynamics, biodiversity and management for multiple use

The overall goal of the course is to provide a comprehensive account on the history, ecology, biodiversity, and sustainable governance of broadleaf forest ecosystems in the southern Baltic Sea region.

We examine patterns of biodiversity for the major species groups in broadleaf forests, analyze the impact of forest management on biodiversity and evaluate current approaches to conservation. Here, we specifically compare management alternatives based on historical conservation baselines. We also study current threats and challenges to the function and biodiversity of broadleaf forests, with a focus on exotic tree pathogens and effects of ungulate browsing. During a study trip to Bialowieza National Park in northeastern Poland we explore the crown jewel among the European lowland forests.

The course addresses various aspects of managing broadleaf forests for production goals, including management of fast-growing tree species. We also compare traditional silvicultural systems, such as beech shelterwood management, with single tree and group selection approaches. We evaluate current concepts of forest restoration with an emphasis on stand conversion from spruce to broadleaf forest. During field trips, we study reserve management and active habitat restoration.

During the course, we continuously discuss the challenges that sustainable governance of broadleaf forest ecosystems meets today with respect to current changes in climate and society.

Course evaluation

The course evaluation is now closed

SG0263-40085 - Course evaluation report

Once the evaluation is closed, the course coordinator and student representative have 1 month to draft their comments. The comments will be published in the evaluation report.

Additional course evaluations for SG0263

Academic year 2022/2023

Broadleaves - Forest dynamics, biodiversity and management for multiple use (SG0263-40110)

2023-03-22 - 2023-06-04

Academic year 2021/2022

Broadleaves - Forest dynamics, biodiversity and management for multiple use (SG0263-40029)

2022-03-24 - 2022-06-05

Syllabus and other information

Litterature list


- Forest dynamics, biodiversity and management for multiple-use

Course literature - Spring 2024 - SLU Alnarp

**Forest history, forest dynamics and biodiversity (Jörg Brunet)**
  • Bakker et al. 2016. Combining paleo-data and modern exclosure experiments to assess the impact of megafauna extinctions on woody vegetation. PNAS 113: 847–855.
  • Bond 2005. Large parts of the world are brown or black: a different view on the ‘Green World’ hypothesis. Journal of Vegetation Science 16: 261–266.
  • Brunet et al. 2010. Biodiversity in European beech forests – a review with recommendations for sustainable forest management. Ecological Bulletins 53: 77-94.
  • Bütler et al. 2020: Field guide to tree-related microhabitats. Descriptions and size limits for their inventory. Birmensdorf, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL. 59 p.
  • Kirby and Watkins (Eds.). 2015. Europe’s changing woods and forests: from wildwood to managed landscapes. CAB International. 393 pp.
    - Chapter 3 The forest landscape before farming
    - Chapter 4 Evolution of modern landscapes
  • Larsen et al. 2005. Ecology of tree species and species selection. In: Naturnaer skovdrift (edited by Larsen, J.B.)
  • Mölder et al. 2019. Integrative management to sustain biodiversity and ecological continuity in Central European temperate oak (Quercus robur, Q. petraea) forests: An overview. Forest Ecology and Management 437: 324–339.
  • Palm et al. 2005. Hardwood – the facts. Wood Centre Nässjö.

Ungulate ecology (Annika Felton)

  • Bergqvist et al. 2018. Forage availability and moose winter browsing in forest landscapes. Forest Ecology and Management 419: 170-178.
  • Faison et al. 2016. Ungulate browsers promote herbaceous layer diversity in logged temperate forests. Ecology and Evolution 6: 4591-4602.
  • Kolstad et al. 2018. Pervasive moose browsing in boreal forests alters successional trajectories by severely suppressing keystone species. Ecosphere 9: e02458.
  • Felton et al. 2020. Varied diets, including broadleaved forage, are important for a large herbivore species inhabiting highly modified landscapes. Scientific Reports 10:1-13.

**Bialowieza forest (Mats Niklasson and Annika Felton)**
  • Churski et al. 2017. Brown world forests: increased ungulate browsing keeps temperate trees in recruitment bottlenecks in resource hotspots. New Phytology 214: 158-168.
  • Hofman-Kaminska et al. 2019. Adapt or die—Response of large herbivores to environmental
    changes in Europe during the Holocene. Global Change Biology 25: 2915–2930.
  • Kuijper et al. 2013. Landscape of fear in Europe: wolves affect spatial patterns of ungulate browsing in Bialowieza Primeval Forest, Poland. Ecography 36: 1263-1275.
  • Nowacki GJ, Abrams MC. 2008. The Demise of Fire and “Mesophication” of Forests in the Eastern United States. BioScience 58, 123-138.
  • Mikusiński G. et al. 2018. Is the impact of loggings in the last primeval lowland forest in Europe
    underestimated? The conservation issues of Białowieża Forest." Biological Conservation 227:
  • Spînu AP. et al. 2020. Mesophication in temperate Europe. A dendrochronological reconstruction of tree succession and fires in a mixed deciduous stand in Bialowieza forest. Ecology and Evolution 10, 1029-1041.

**Forest health (Michelle Cleary)**
  • Allen et al. 2010. A global overview of drought and heat-induced tree mortality reveals emerging climate change risks for forests. Forest Ecology and Management 259, 660-684.
  • Boyd et al. 2013. The consequence of tree pests and diseases for ecosystem services. Science.
    342, 1235773
  • Fernandex-Conradi et al. 2021. Combining phytochemicals and multitrophic interactions to control forest insect pests. ScienceDirect 44, 101–106
  • Prospero and Cleary. 2017. Effects of host variability on the spread of invasive forest diseases.
    Forests. 8, 80.
  • Roberts et al. 2020. The Effect of Forest Management Options on Forest Resilience to Pathogens. Frontiers in forests and global change. 3, 7.
  • Trumbore et al. 2015. Forest health and global change. Science. 349, 814-818.

**Forest management and restoration (Magnus Löf)**
  • Cernansky 2018. How to rebuild a forest. Nature. 560, 542-544.
  • Dey et al. 2008. Artificial regeneration of major oak (Quercus) species in the Eastern United States – a review of the literature. Forest Science 54, 77-106.
  • Gamfeldt 2013. Higher levels of multiple ecosystem services are found in forests with more
    tree species. Nature Communications 4, 1340.
  • Kelty 2006. The role of species mixtures in plantation forestry. Forest Ecology and Management 233, 195-204.
  • Kirby & Watkins (Eds.). 2015. Europe’s changing woods and forests: from wildwood to managed landscapes. CAB International. 393 pp.
    - Chapter 5 Wood pastures in Europe
    - Chapter 6 Coppice silviculture: From the Mesolithic to the 21st century
    - Chapter 7 High forest management and the rise of the even-aged stands
    - Chapter 8 Close-to nature forestry
  • Löf et al. 2016. Management of oak forests: striking a balance between timber production,
    biodiversity and cultural services. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management 12, 59-73.
  • Popkin G. 2021. Forest fight. Science 374, 1184-1189.
    Saha et al. 2017. Lessons learned from oak cluster planting trials in central Europe. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 47, 139-148.
  • Stanturf et al. 2014. Contemporary forest restoration: a review emphasizing function. Forest Ecology and Management 331, 292-323.
  • Vollmuth D. 2022. The changing perception of coppice with standards in German forestry literature up to the present day – From a universal solution to a defamed and overcome evil – and back? Trees, Forests and People 10, 100338.

**Fast-growing broadleaves (Henrik Böhlenius)**
  • Böhlenius and Övergaard 2015. Growth response of hybrid poplars to different types and levels of vegetation control. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 30, 516-525.
  • Böhlenius and Övergaard 2015. Exploration of optimal agricultural practices and seedling types for establishing poplar plantations. Forests 6, 2785-2798.
  • Böhlenius and Övergaard 2016. Impact of seedling type on early growth of poplar plantations on forest and agricultural land. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 31, 733-741.
  • Böhlenius et al. 2016. Growth response of hybrid aspen (populus × wettsteinii) and populus trichocarpa to different ph levels and nutrient availabilities. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 46, 1367-1374.
  • Böhlenius et al. 2018. Differences in Al sensitivity affect establishment of Populus genotypes on acidic forest land. PLOS ONE 13, e0204461.
  • Jobling (Ed.) 1990. Poplars for Wood Production and Amenity: The forest commition, Forest Research station, Alice Holt Lodge, UK.
  • Stanturf et al. 2014. Chapter 5, p 200-257. In Poplars and Willows, Trees for Society and the Environment. Isebrands and Richardson (Eds.), CABI, Oxfordshire, UK.
  • Tullus et al. 2012. Short-rotation forestry with hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L.×P. tremuloides Michx.) in Northern Europe. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 27, 10-29.
  • McCarthy and Rytter 2015. Productivity and thinning effects in hybrid aspen root sucker stands. Forest Ecology and Management 354, 215-223.

Course facts

The course is offered as an independent course: Yes The course is offered as a programme course: Euroforester - Master's Programme Forest Science - Master's Programme Forest Management - Bachelor's Programme Tuition fee: Tuition fee only for non-EU/EEA/Switzerland citizens: 38060 SEK Cycle: Master’s level (A1F)
Subject: Forest Science Forest science
Course code: SG0263 Application code: SLU-40085 Location: Alnarp Distance course: No Language: English Responsible department: Department of Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre Pace: 100%