Lunch Seminar “Limiting livestock production to pasture and by-products in a search forsustainable diets” - 5th Dec

Last changed: 01 December 2016

Elin Röös - Department of Energy and Technology, SLU, Uppsala


A method was developed for designing ‘fair’ diets (not using more than globally available arable land per capita) and for assessing the sustainability of such diets. The diets were based on the principle of ‘ecological leftovers’ for livestock production, i.e. raising livestock on pasture and by-products not suitable for or wanted by humans. The method was applied to Sweden using three different scenarios for livestock production, all taking the starting point that semi-natural pastures should be grazed by ruminants for reasons of biodiversity conservation. The scenarios also included differing use of by-products (from crop production and food processing) to either boost milk production (I-Milk scenario) or produce eggs and pig meat (E-Milk and Suckler scenarios). In I-Milk, milk and meat were produced in intensive systems in which dairy cows and their offspring only grazed to a limited extent, resulting in the human diet containing recommended levels of dairy products (350 ml milk per day) and meat twice a week. Milk could also be exported. In E-Milk, pasture was used more for dairy cows and their offspring, resulting in fewer animals and less milk (150 ml milk per day) and four servings of meat per week. In the Suckler scenario, pasture was grazed by suckler herds providing no milk but meat four times per week. The environmental impacts of the diets were assessed using the planetary boundaries framework. The results showed substantially lower environmental impacts compared with the average current Swedish diet, but the strict absolute climate boundary and the N and P input boundaries were still exceeded for all diets. The approach adopted, of letting the ecological resource capacity act as the constraining factor for livestock production, is in line with agroecology principles and efficient use of land to improve food security, and could be useful in discussions about sustainable consumption of animal products.


Register for lunch (free of charge) by e-mail to no later than the 28th of November at 14:00.

Please inform if you wish to have vegetarian or vegan food, or have any kind of allergies or dietary restrictions. Lunch is served at 11.30 and the seminar starts at 12.00 (videolink from Umeå). Lunch will be served in the room adjacent to where the seminar will be held in Uppsala.


Welcome!  Katrin Rychel, Minh Anh Nguyen and Jenna Senecal


Time: 2016-12-05, 12:00 - 13:00

City: Uppsala

Location: Löftets stora sal (above Ulls restaurang); Holly-Wood (videolink to Umeå)

Arranger: FoSW

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