CV page

Paul Kardol

Paul Kardol


Forest Vegetation Ecology, 7.5p


Plant and Soil Community Ecology

Pesonal website:




2007, PhD,  Ecology, Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) / Wageningen University, The Netherlands

2000, BSc /MSc, Biology, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

Positions held

2015-present, Associate Professor, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden

2011-2015, Assistant professor, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden

2009-2011, Post-doctoral research associate, Department of Forest Ecology and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden 

2008-2009, Staff scientist (Wigner fellow), Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA

2007-2008, Postdoctoral research associate, Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, USA



Roger Grau-Andrés (2018 – 2020). The role of mosses in mediating carbon cycling in boreal forests. Main supervisor: P. Kardol. Co-supervisors: M. Gundale, M.-C. Nilsson, and D. Wardle.

Claire Foster (2018). Links between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning across a post-fire forest successional gradient. Endeavour Research Fellowship, Australian Government. Visiting post-doc. Supervisor: P. Kardol.

Ludovic Henneron (2018 – 2019). Relationship between tree and soil biodiversity. Main supervisor: P. Kardol. Co-supervisors: M.P. Berg and D. Wardle.

PhD students

Clydecia Spitzer (2016 – 2020). Linking plant functional traits and plant-soil feedbacks to global environmental change. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Main supervisor: P. Kardol. Co-supervisors, M. Gundale, M. Sundqvist, and D. Wardle.

Shanyi Tian (2016 – 2020). Effects nitrogen deposition and soil pH in the restoration of plant and soil communities in secondary succession an abandoned arable land. Joint PhD between Nanjing Agricultural University, China (Supervisor: M. Liu) and the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (Supervisor: P. Kardol).


Selected publications

Peer-reviewed articles

Kong, D., J. Wang, H. Wu, O.J. Valverde-Barrantes, R. Wang, H. Zeng, P. Kardol, H. Zhang & Y. Feng (2019). Nonlinearity of root trait relationships and the root economics spectrum. Nature Communications, 10:2203,

Fanin, N., P. Kardol, M.J. Gundale, M. Farell, A. Kempel, M. Ciobanu, M.-C. Nilsson, B.D. Lindahl, K.E. Clemmensen & D.A. Wardle (2019). Effects of plant functional group removal on structure and function of soil communities across contrasting ecosystems. Ecology Letters, doi: 10.1111/ele.13266

Yang, K., C. Peng, J. Peñuelas, P. Kardol, Z. Li, L. Zhang, X. Ni, K. Yue, B. Tan, R. Yin & Z. Xu (2019). Immediate and carry-over effects of increased soil frost on soil respiration and microbial activity in a spruce forest. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 10.1016/j.soilbio.2019.04.012

Hu, Y., Zhang, Z., Huang, L., Qi, Q., Liu, L., Zhao, Y., Wang, Z., Zhou, H., Lv, X., Mao, Z., Yang, Y., Zhou, J. and P. Kardol (2019). Shifts in soil microbial community functional gene structure across a 61-year desert revegetation chronosequence. Geoderma 347: 126-134.

de Graaff, M.-A., N. Hornslein, H.L. Throop, P. Kardol & L.T.A. van Diepen (2019). Effects of agricultural intensification on soil biodiversity and implications for ecosystem functioning: a meta-analysis. Advances in Agronomy,

Teste, F.P., P. Kardol, B.L. Turner, D.A. Wardle, G. Zemunik, M. Renton & E. Laliberté (2019). Toward more robust plant-soil feedback research: a comment. Ecology, in press

Fanin, N., P. Kardol, M. Farell, M.-C. Nilsson, M.J. Gundale & D.A. Wardle (2019). The ratio of Gram-positive to Gram-negative bacterial PFLA makers as an indicator of carbon availability in organic soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 128: 111-114.

Gundale, M.J., D.A. Wardle, P. Kardol & M.-C. Nilsson (2019). Comparison of plant-soil feedback experimental approaches for testing soil biotic interactions among ecosystems. New Phytologist 221: 577–587.

Png, G.J., H. Lambers, P. Kardol, B.L. Turner, D.A. Wardle & E. Laliberté (2019). Biotic and abiotic plant-soil feedback depends on nitrogen-acquisition strategy and shifts during long-term ecosystem development. Journal of Ecology 107: 142.

De Long, J.R., E.L. Fry, G.F. Veen & P. Kardol (2019). Why are plant-soil feedbacks so unpredictable, and what to do about it? Functional Ecology 33: 118-128.

P. Kardol, J.R. De Long & P. Mariotte (2018). Soil Biota as Drivers of Plant Community Assembly. In: Aboveground-Belowground Community Ecology, pages 2936-318, Eds T. Ohgushi, S. Wurst & S. Johnson. Ecological Studies, Springer. ISBN 978-3-319-91614-9.

Jiang, L, S. Wang; L. Zhong, Z. Pang, X. Xu, P. Kardol, Y. Li, Y. Wang, Y. Rui, N. Dong, Z. Lan, P. Hill, C. Luo, Z. Zhang; L. Zhang & D. Jones (2018) Plant organic N uptake maintains species dominance under long-term warming. Plant and Soil 433:243–255.

Chen, T., Z. Nan, P. Kardol, T. Duan, H. Song, J. Wang, C. Li & F. Hou (2018). Effects of interspecific competition on plant-soil feedbacks generated by long-term grazing. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 126: 133-143.

Maaroufi, M.I., K. Palmqvist, L.H. Bach, S. Bokhorst, A. Liess, M.J. Gundale, P. Kardol, A. Nordin & C.L. Meunier (2018). Nutrient optimization of tree growth alters the structure and function of boreal soil food webs. Forest Ecology and Management 428: 46-56.

Egelkraut, D., P. Kardol, J.R. De Long & J. Olofsson (2018). The role of plant-soil feedbacks in stabilizing a reindeer-induced vegetation shift in subarctic tundra. Functional Ecology 32: 1959–1971.

Kardol, P., N. Fanin & D.A. Wardle (2018). Long term impacts of species loss on community properties across contrasting ecosystems. Nature 557: 710-713.

Bokhorst, S., G.F. Veen, M. Sundqvist, J.R. De Long, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2018). Contrasting responses between springtails and mites to elevation in a sub-Arctic heath and meadow community. Pedobiologia 67: 57–64.

Kardol, P. & J.R. De Long (2018). How anthropogenic shifts in plant community composition alter soil food webs. F1000Research 2018, 7(F1000 Faculty Rev):4 (doi: 10.12688/f1000research.13008.1)

Mariotte, P., T.M. Bezemer, G.B. De Deyn, B. Drigo, M.G.A. van der Heijden, A. Kulmatiski, Z. Mehrabi, G.F. Veen & P. Kardol (2018). Plant-Soil Feedback: Bridging Natural and Agricultural Sciences. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33: 129-142.

Fanin, N., K.E. Clemmensen, M. Farrell, M. Ciobanu, J.A. Baldock, M.-C. Nilsson, M.J. Gundale, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2018). Consistent effects of biodiversity loss on multifunctionality across contrasting ecosystems. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2: 269–278.

Na, X., X. Li, Z. Zhang, M. Li, P. Kardol, T.T. Xu, M. Wang, X. Cao & F. Ma (2018). Bacterial community dynamics in the rhizosphere of a long-lived, leguminous shrub across a 40-year age sequence. Journal of Soils and Sediments 18: 76–84.

Bradford, M.A., G. F. Veen, A. Bonis, E.M. Bradford, A.T. Classen, J.H.C. Cornelissen, T.W. Crowther, J.R. De Long, P. Kardol, M. Manrubia-Freixa, G.T. Freschet, D.S. Maynard, G. Newman, R. van Logtestijn, M. Viketoft, D.A. Wardle, W.R. Wieder, S.A. Wood & W.H. van der Putten (2017). Testing the hierarchical model of litter decomposition. Nature Ecology & Evolution, doi:10.1038/s41559-017-0367-4

Laliberté, E.*, P. Kardol*, Didham, R.K., Teste, F.P., Turner, B.L. & Wardle, D.A. (2017). Soil fertility shapes belowground food webs across a regional climate gradient. Ecology Letters, doi: 10.1111/ele.12823

       * Equal contribution

Cui, L., X. Kang, W. Li, Y. Hao, Y. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Yan, X. Zhang, M. Zhang, J. Zhou & P. Kardol (2017). Rewetting decreases carbon emissions from the Zoige alpine peatland on the Tibetan Plateau. Sustainability 9, 948.

Gundale, M.J., D.A. Wardle, P. Kardol, W.H. van der Putten & R.W. Lucas (2017). Soil handling methods should be selected based on research questions and goals – a response to Reinhart & Rinella (2016, 2017). New Phytologist 216: 18-23.

Veen, G.F., J.R. De Long, P. Kardol, M.K. Sundqvist, B. Snoek & D.A. Wardle (2017). Interactive effects of elevation and vegetation type on plant and soil communities in subarctic tundra. Oikos, 126: 1586-1599.

Gómez-Aparicio, L., J. Domínguez-Begines, P. Kardol, J. M. Ávila, B. Ibáñez & L. V. García (2017). The decline of a dominant tree species induces changes in plant-soil feedbacks with implications for species coexistence in Mediterranean forests. Ecology 98: 1908-1921.

Jiang, L., S. Wang, P. Zhe, C. Wang, P. Kardol, Z. Lei, Q. Yu, Z. Lan, Y. Wang, X. Xu, Y. Kuzyakov,Y. Li, L. Zhang, C. Luo, Z. Zhang, D.L. Jones (2017). Effects of grazing on the acquisition of nitrogen by plants and microorganisms in an alpine grassland on the Tibetan Plateau. Plant and Soil 416: 297-308.

Teste, F.P., P. Kardol, B.L. Turner, D.A. Wardle, G. Zemunik, M. Renton & E. Laliberté (2017). Plant-soil feedback and the maintenance of diversity in Mediterranean-climate shrublands. Science 355: 173-176.

Bokhorst, S., P. Kardol, P.J. Bellingham, R. Kooyman, S.J. Richardson, S. Schmidt & D.A. Wardle (2017). Communities of soil organisms and plants reveal different patterns along contrasting long-term chronosequences. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 106: 69-79.

Na, X., T. Xu, M. Li, F. Ma & P. Kardol (2017). Bacterial diversity in the rhizosphere of two phylogenetically closely related plant species across environmental gradients. Journal of Soils and Sediments 17: 122–132.

Kong, D., J. Wang, H. Zeng, M. Liu, Y. Miao, H. Wu & P. Kardol (2017). The nutrient absorption-transportation hypothesis: optimizing structural traits in absorptive roots. New Phytologist 213: 1569–1572.

De Long, J.R., Laudon, H., Blume-Werry, G. & P. Kardol (2016). Nematode community resistant to deep soil frost in boreal forest soils. Pedobiologia 59: 243–251.

Bellingham, P.J., P. Kardol, K.I. Bonner, R.P. Buxton, C.W. Morse & D.A. Wardle (2016). Browsing by an invasive arboreal herbivore during primary succession: consequences for plant and soil communities. Journal of Ecology 104: 1505–1517.

Kardol, P., C.M. Spitzer, M.J. Gundale, M.-C. Nilsson & D.A. Wardle (2016). Trophic cascades in the bryosphere: The impact of global change factors on top-down control of cyanobacterial N2-fixation. Ecology Letters, 19: 967–976.

Kardol, P., H. Throop, J. Adkins & M.-A. de Graaff (2016). A hierarchical framework for studying the role of biodiversity in soil food web processes and ecosystem services. Soil Biology and Biochemistry,

Gundale, M.J., H. Wallander, J.P. Almeida, D.A. Wardle, P. Kardol, M.-C. Nilsson, A. Fajardo, A. Pauchard, D. Peltzer, S. Ruotsalainen, B. Mason & N. Rosenstock (2016). Changes in endophyte communities of introduced trees depend on the phylogenetic relatedness of the receiving forest community. Journal of Ecology, in press

Kang, X., Y. Hao, L. Cui, X. Cui, H. Chen, Y. Du,W. Li, P. Kardol & X. Xiao (2016). Variability and changes inclimate, phenology and gross primary production of an alpine wetland ecosystem. Remote Sensing 8, 391; doi:10.3390/rs8050391

De Long, J.R., E. Dorrepaal, P. Kardol, M.-C. Nilsson, L. Teuber & D.A. Wardle (2016). Understory plant functional groups and litter species identity are stronger drivers of litter decomposition than warming along a boreal forest post-fire successional gradient. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 98: 159-170.

Niu, S., A.T. Classen, J. Dukes, P. Kardol, L. Liu, Y. Luo, L. Rustad, S. Vicca, J. Tang, P. Templer, R.Q. Thomas, D. Tian, Y.-P. Wang, J. Xia & S. Zaehle. (2016). Global patterns and substrate-based mechanisms of the terrestrial nitrogen cycle. Ecology Letters, DOI: 10.1111/ele.12591

Sarneel, J.M., P. Kardol & C. Nilsson (2016). Habitat variability, arrival time and competitive strength as determinants for community assembly. Journal of Vegetation Science, in press

De long, J.R., E. Dorrepaal, P. Kardol, M.-C. Nilsson, L. Teuber & D.A. Wardle (2016). Contrasting responses of soil microbial and nematode communities to warming and plant functional group removal across a post-fire forest successional gradient. Ecosystems 19: 339-355.

Pluchon, N., A.G. Vincent, M.J. Gundale, M.-C. Nilsson, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2016). The impact of charcoal andsoil mixtures on decomposition and soil microbial communities in boreal forest. Applied Soil Ecology 99: 40-50.

Kong, D., J. Wang, P. Kardol, H. Wu, H. Zeng, X. Deng, Y. Deng (2016). Economic strategies for absorptive plant roots vary withroot diameter. Biogeosciences 13: 415–424.

Jiang, L., S. Wang, L. C. Luo, P. Kardol, Z. Zhang, Y. Lia, C. Wang, Y. Wang & D.L. Jones (2016). Warming and grazing directly influence dissolved organic nitrogen in a Tibetan alpine meadow ecosystem. Soil & Tillage Research 158: 156–164.

Jiang, L., S. Wang, P. Zhe, C. Wang, P. Kardol, X. Zhou, Y. Rui, Z. Lan, Y. Wang & X. Xu (2016). Grazing modifies inorganic and organic nitrogen uptake by coexisting plant species in alpine grassland. Biology and Fertility of Soils 52: 211-221.

Pluchon, N., S.C. Casetou, P. Kardol, M.J. Gundale, M.-C. Nilsson & D.A. Wardle (2015). Influence of species identity and charring conditions on fire-derived charcoal traits. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 45: 1669-1675.

Bokhorst, S., J. Asplund, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2015). Lichen physiological traits and growth forms affect communities of associated invertebrates. Ecology 96: 2394–2407.

Kardol, P., G.F. Veen, F.P. Teste & M.P. Perring (2015). Peeking into the black box: A trait-based approach to predicting plant-soil feedback. New Phytologist 206: 1-4.

Asplund, J., S. Bokhorst, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2015). Removal of secondary compounds increases invertebrate abundance in lichens. Fungal Ecology 18: 18-25.

Wang, J., X. Jiang,  B. Zheng, Y. Niu, K. Wang, W. Wang & P. Kardol (2015). Effects of electron acceptors on soluble reactive phosphorus in the overlying water during algal decomposition. Environmental Science and Pollution Research  22: 19507-19517.

De Graaff, M.-A., J. Adkins, P. Kardol & H.L. Throop (2015). A meta-analysis of soil biodiversity impacts on the carbon cycle. SOIL 1: 257-271.

Kardol, P., J.R. De Long & D.A. Wardle (2014). Local plant adaptation across a subarctic elevational gradient. Royal Society Open Science 1: 140141.

Jonsson, M., P. Kardol, M.J. Gundale, S. Bansal, M.-C. Nilsson, D.B. Metcalfe & D.A. Wardle (2015). Direct and indirect drivers of moss community structure, function and associated microfauna across a successional gradient. Ecosystems 18: 154-169. 

De Long, J.R., P. Kardol, M.K. Sundqvist, G.F. Veen & D.A. Wardle (2015). Plant growth response to direct and indirect temperature effects varies by vegetation type and elevation in a subarctic tundra. Oikos 124: 772-783.

Wardle, D.A., P.J. Bellingham, P. Kardol, R. Giesler & E.V.J. Tanner (2015). Coordination of aboveground and belowground responses to local-scale soil fertility differences between two contrasting Jamaican rainforest types. Oikos 124: 285-297.

Wang, J., Z. Hu, X. Xu, X. Jiang, B. Zheng, X. Liu, X. Pan & P. Kardol (2014) Emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gases during combined pre-composting and vermicomposting of duck manure. Waste Management 34: 1546-1552.

Kardol, P., I.A. Dickie, M.G. St. John, S.W. Husheer, K.I. Bonner, P.J. Bellingham& D.A. Wardle (2014). Soil-mediated effects of invasive ungulates on native tree seedlings. Journal of Ecology 102: 622-631. 

Gundale, M.J., P. Kardol, M.-C. Nilsson, U. Nilsson, R.W. Lucas & D.A. Wardle (2014). Interactions with soil biota shift from negative to positive when a tree species is moved outside its native range. New Phytologist doi: 10.1111/nph.12699.

Asplund, J., A. Sandling, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2014). The influence of tree-scale and ecosystem-scale factors on epiphytic lichen communities across a long-term retrogressive chronosequence. Journal of Vegetation Science doi: 10.1111/jvs.12149 

Pluchon, N., M.J. Gundale, M.-C. Nilsson, P. Kardol & D.A. Wardle (2014). Stimulation of boreal tree seedling growth by wood-derived charcoal: effects of charcoal properties, seedling species and soil fertility. Functional Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12221 

Kang, X., Y. Wang, H. Chen, J. Tian, X. Cui, Y. Rui, L. Zhong, P. Kardol, Y. Hao & X. Xiao (2014). Modeling carbon fluxes using multi-temporal MODIS imagery and CO2 eddy flux tower data in Zoige alpine wetland, South-West China. Wetlands doi: 10.1007/s13157-014-0529-y. 

Jiang, L., Z. Lan, G. Liu & P. Kardol (2014). Interactive effects of nitrogen and water additionon competitive hierarchies between early- and late-successional plant species. Polish Journal of Ecology 62: 665-678.

Kong, D.L., X.T. Lü, L.L. Jiang, H.F. Wu, T. Miao & P. Kardol (2013). Extreme rainfall events can alter inter-annual biomass responses to water and N enrichment. Biogeosciences 10:8129-8138. 

Wei, C, Q. Yu, E. Bai, X. Lü, Q. Li, J. Xia, P. Kardol, W. Liang, Z, Wang & X. Han (2013). Nitrogen deposition weakens plant-microbe interactions in grasslandecosystems. Global Change Biology 19: 3688-3697. 

Kang, X., Y. Hao, X. Cui, H. Chen, C. Li, Y. Rui, J. Tian, P. Kardol, L. Zhong, J. Wang & Y. Wang (2013). Effects of grazing on CO2 balance in asemiarid steppe: field observations and modeling. Journal of Soils and Sediments 13: 1012-1023. 

Mariotte, P., C. Vanderberghe, F. Hagedorn, P. Kardol & A. Buttler (2013). Subordinate plant species enhance community resistance against drought in semi-natural grassland. Journal of Ecology 101: 763–773. 

Kardol, P., L Souza & A.T. Classen (2013). Resource availability mediates the importance of priority effects inplant community assembly and ecosystem function. Oikos 122: 84-94.

Kardol, P., G.B. De Deyn, E. Laliberté, P. Mariotte & C.V. Hawkes (2013). Biotic plant-soil feedback across temporal scales. Journal of Ecology 101: 309-315. 

Van der Putten, W.H., R.D. Bardgett, J.D. Bever, T.M. Bezemer, B.B. Casper, T. Fukami, P. Kardol, J.N. Klironomos, A. Kulmatiski, J.A. Schweitzer, K.N. Suding, T.F.J. Van de Voorde & D.A. Wardle (2013).  Plant-soil feedback: the past, the present and future challenges. Journal of Ecology 101: 265-276 .

Kardol, P., J.R. De Long & M.K. Sundqvist (2012). Crossing the threshold: the power of multi-level experiments in identifying global change responses. New Phytologist 196: 323-326. 

Wei, C., H. Zheng, Q. Li, X. Lü, Q. Yu, H. Zhang, Q. Chen, N. He, P. Kardol, W. Liang & X. Han (2012). Nitrogen addition regulates soil nematode community through ammonium suppression in a semiarid grassland. PLoS ONE 7: e43384. 

Li, M., L. Jiang, Y. Rui, L. Zhong, J. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Sun & P. Kardol (2012). Effects of flue gas desulphurization gypsum by-products on microbial biomass and community structure in alkaline-saline soils. Journal of Soils and Sediments 12: 1040-1053. 

Wang, J.Z., Z.Y. Hu, X.Q. Zhou, Z.Z. An, J.F. Gao, X.N. Liu, L.L. Jiang, J. Lu, X.M. Kang, M. Li, Y.B. Hao & P. Kardol (2012). Effects of reed straw, zeolite, and superphosphate amendments on ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from stored duck manure. Journal of Environmental Quality 41: 1221-1227. 

Kardol, P., W.N. Reynolds, R.J. Norby & A.T. Classen (2011). Climate change effects on soil microarthropod abundance and community structure. Applied Soil Ecology 47: 37-44. 

Gray, S.B., A.T. Classen, P. Kardol, Z. Yermakov & R.M. Miller (2011). Multiple climate change factors interact to alter soil microbial community structure inan old-field ecosystem. Soil Science Society of America Journal 75: 1-10. 

Jiang, L., X. Han, N. Dong, Y. Wang & P. Kardol (2011). Plant species effects on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics in a temperate steppe in northern China. Plant and Soil 346: 331-347. 

Holtkamp, R., A. van der Wal, P. Kardol, S.C. Dekker & P.C. de Ruiter (2011). Modelling C and N mineralisation in soil food webs during secondary succession on ex-arable land. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43: 251-260. 

Kardol, P. & D.A. Wardle (2010). How understanding aboveground-belowground linkages can assist restoration ecology. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 25: 670-679. 

Jiang, L., X. Han, G. Zhang & P. Kardol (2010). The role of plant-soil feedbacks in restorationof a temperate steppe in northern China. Ecological Research 25: 1101-1111. 

Kardol, P., C.E. Campany, L. Souza, R.J. Norby, J.F. Weltzin & A.T. Classen (2010). Climate change effects on plant biomass alter dominance patterns and community evenness in an experimental old-field ecosystem. Global Change Biology 16: 2676-2687. 

Kardol, P., M.A. Cregger, C.E. Campany & A.T. Classen (2010). Soil ecosystem functioning under climate change: plant species and community effects. Ecology 91: 767-781. 

Kardol, P., D.E Todd, P.J. Hanson & P.J. Mulholland† (2010). Long-term successional forest dynamics: species and community responses to climatic variability. Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 627-642. 

Souza, L., R.T. Belote, P. Kardol, J.F. Weltzin& R.J. Norby (2010). CO2 enrichment accelerates successional development of an understory plant community. Journal of Plant Ecology 3: 33-39. 

Kardol, P., J.S. Newton, T.M. Bezemer, M. Maraun & W.H. van der Putten (2009). Contrasting diversity patternsfor soil mites and nematodes in secondary succession. Acta Oecologica 35: 603-609. 

Kardol, P., T. M. Bezemer &W.H. van der Putten (2009). Soil organism and plant introductions in restoration of species-rich grassland communities. Restoration Ecology 17: 258-269. 

Kardol, P., A. van der Wal, A., T.M. Bezemer, H. Duyts & W.H. van der Putten (2008). Restoration of species-rich grasslands on ex-arable land: Seed addition outweighs soil fertility reduction. Biological Conservation 141: 2208-2217. 

Holtkamp, R., P. Kardol, A. van der Wal, S.C. Dekker, W.H. van der Putten & P.C. de Ruiter (2008). Soil food web structure during ecosystem development after land abandoment. Applied Soil Ecology 39 (1): 23-34.

Kardol, P., N.J. Cornips, M.M.L. van Kempen, J.M.T. Bakx-Schotman& W.H. van der Putten (2007). Microbe-mediated plant-soil feedback in pioneer stages of secondary succession causes long-lasting historical contingency effects inplant community composition. Ecological Monographs 77(2): 147-162. 

Kardol, P., T.M. Bezemer & W.H. van der Putten (2006). Temporal variation in plant-soil feedback controls succession. Ecology Letters 9: 1080-1088.

Van der Wal, A., J.A. van Veen, W. Smant, H.T.S. Boschker, J. Bloem, P. Kardol, W.H. van der Putten& W. de Boer (2006). Fungal biomass development in a chronosequence of land abandonment. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38: 51-60. 

Kardol, P., T.M. Bezemer, A. van der Wal & W.H. van der Putten (2005). Successional trajectories of soil nematode and plant communities in a chronosequence of ex-arable land. Biological Conservation 126: 317-327.

Books, book chapters, and other publications

P. Kardol, J.R. De Long & P. Mariotte (2018). Soil biota as drivers of plant community assembly. In: Aboveground-Belowground Community Ecology, Eds T. Ohgushi, S. Wurst & S. Johnson. Ecological Studies, Springer.

Mariotte, P & P. Kardol (Eds.) (2014) Grassland Biodiversity and Conservation in a Changing World. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Hauppage, NY, USA. ISBN: 978-1-61761-619-8.

Kardol, P. & W.H. van der Putten (2009). Sowing the seeds? British Wildlife 21: 20-21.

Kardol, P., M.A. Cregger, C.E. Campany & A.T. Classen (2009). Plant compositional shifts moderate climate change effects on soil enzyme activities and soil nematodes. Journal of Nematology 41: 343-344.

Kardol, P., A. van der Wal, T.M. Bezemer, W. de Boer & W.H. van der Putten (2009). Ontgronden en bodembeestjes: geen gelukkige combinatie. De Levende Natuur 110: 57-61 [in Dutch with English summary].

Kulmatiski, A. & P. Kardol (2008). Getting Plant-Soil Feedback out of the Greenhouse: Experimental and Conceptual Approaches. In: Progress in Botany Vol. 69. pages 449-472. Lüttige, U., W. Beyschlag and J. Murata, Eds. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.  

Kardol, P. (2007). Plant and Soil Community Assembly in Secondary Succession on Ex-arable Land. Fundamental and Applied Approaches. PhD thesis. Ponsen & Looijen, Wageningen, the Netherlands. ISBN 90-8504-612-2.

Researcher at the Department of Forest Ecology and Management; Plant-soil feedbacks
Telephone: +46-90-786 8398
Work description: As an ecologist, I build on basic ecological theory in investigating effects of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on terrestrial ecosystems. It has become increasingly acknowledged that individual species’ responses to environmental changes strongly depend on community context and on multi-trophic interactions. Single species experiments may provide little information on whole ecosystem functioning under environmental change. Therefore, in my research, I explicitly focus on community dynamics, both under natural conditions (e.g. succession) and as affected by human impacts. My research particularly regards linkages between plant communities and soil communities and the consequences of plant-soil interactions for ecosystem functioning.
Postal address:
Skogens ekologi och skötsel
901 83 Umeå
Visiting address: Skogsmarksgränd 17, Umeå