New global framework for biodiversity adopted
On December 19 2022, new goals were adopted to save biodiversity in the world through the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, after many years of preparation and intensive negotiations. Now the work towards the new goals needs to start without delay, the secretariat of the convention writes in its press release.
The new framework for the work to stop the loss of biological diversity in the world consists of four overall goals and 23 action targets, which were agreed on at the UN negotiations in Montreal in December 2022. The parties to the convention emphasize that the work to reach the action targets, which are set to 2030, needs to start as soon as possible. This, in turn, will enable the four overarching goals to be reached by 2050.
Some of the targets for 2030 are: Protect 30% of Earth’s lands, oceans, coastal areas, inland waters; Cut food waste in half; Reduce the spreading of invasive alien species significantly; The eutrophication and the risk of pesticides and dangerous chemicals to be halved.
In addition to the goals, the new framework also includes plans for how goals will be followed up, capacity-building measures and financing.
Torbjörn Ebenhard, director of the SLU Center for Biological Diversity, was part of the Swedish delegation and also a negotiator for the EU during the meeting in Montreal. He writes about the new framework:
- I am satisfied with the results of the negotiations! As always in convention decisions, this is a compromise and it does not include everything we wanted, but it's good enough. It´s actually better than I had dared to hope for, given the great disagreements between the parties we have seen throughout the series of negotiation meetings.
Read his further reflections here.
The press release from COP15 is available, with goals and targets, and links to other related documents.