Last changed: 13 August 2020
Processes in the ICECREAM model. Illustration.

ICECREAM is a simulation model for predicting phosphorus leaching from arable land. ICECREAM is based on the CREAMS model developed in the U.S. and further developed in Finland and Sweden.

ICECREAM estimates the losses of particulate and soluble phosphorus in surface run-off and drainage pipes for individual fields and with daily resolution. For large scale applications the ICECREAMDB model is used, which can be described as a shell around ICECREAM to deal with input, results and manage model runs.
Processes in the ICECREAM model. Illustration.
Overview of ICECREAM (after Bärlund & Tattari, 2001).



Bärlund, I., Tattari, S., 2001. Ranking of parameters on the basis of their contribution to model uncertainty. Ecological Modelling 142, 11-23.

Johnsson, H., Mårtensson, K., Lindsjö, A., Persson, K., Blombäck, K., 2019. NLeCCS – ett system för beräkning av läckage av näringsämnen från åkermark. Ekohydrologi 159. Institutionen för mark och miljö, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet. 

Larsson, M.H., Persson, K., Ulén, B., Lindsjö, A., Jarvis, N.J. 2007. A dual porosity model to quantify phosphorus   losses from macroporous soils. Ecological Modelling 205, 123-134.

Posch, M., Rekolainen, S. 1993. Erosivity factor in the Universal Soil Loss Equation estimated from Finnish rainfall data, Agric. Sci. Finland 2,271–279.

Rekolainen, S., Posch, M., 1993. Adapting the CREAMS model for Finnish conditions. Nordic Hydrol. 24, 309-322.

Tattari, S., Bärlund, I., Rekolainen, S., Posch, M., Siimes, K., Tuhkanen, H.-R., Yli-Halla, M., 2001. Modelling sediment yield and phosphorus transport in Finnish clayey soils. Trans. ASAE 44, 297-307.