Improved estimation and mitigation of nitrous oxide emissions and soil carbon storage from crop residues (ResidueGAS)

Last changed: 25 October 2023

Crop residues provide large inputs of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to soils and contribute to the net GHG balance of soils in different ways. They are included as a key component in national emissions inventories for nitrous oxide (N2O) from agriculture. Residue are also a major contributor to sustaining or enhancing soil organic carbon (SOC) and N contents and thus soil fertility. Depending on the amount of C and N in crop residues and their contributions to N2O emissions or to the SOC balance residues might increase or decrease the GHG footprint of

agroecosystems. Studies have shown that N2O emissions from N in crop residues vary considerably depending on residue quality, residue management and soils. Lack of knowledge and precise model estimation of N2O emissions and SOC storage from crop residues limits the design of improved crop management systems for net GHG emissions reductions. ResidueGas will document an improved methodology to quantify N2O emissions from agricultural crop residues management, including standards for estimating the amount of N in residues and improved emission factors for crop residue that include effects of residue quality, management, soils and climate on emissions. ResidueGas will further identify and communicate best practice for crop residue management strategies with respect to their net greenhouse gas effect in terms of N2O emissions and SOC storage.


The project is funded by: FORMAS-ERA-net Cofund FACCE ERA-GAS 2016 EU

Duration of the project: 2017-2020

Project Leader: Maria Ernfors

Other contributors: Ryan Davidson, Erik Steen Jensen