PLANTSUtilising plants to increase and improve food, nutrition, medicine, fibers, fuels and other products. For example: Research and breeding of improved plant varieties to increase crop yields, improve plant health and nutrition, resist diseases and pests, and improve adaptability to climate volatility
ANIMAL AGRICULTUREImproving the care and breeding of livestock, poultry and fish. For example: Sustainable practices for raising livestock, poultry and fish, such as management intensive grazing, integrated livestock/poultry grazing, poultry/vegetable production systems, aquaculture and fish pond farming systems
ANIMAL HEALTHProtect and improve the health, safety, and quality of livestock, poultry and fish. For example: Preventing and treating livestock and poultry diseases with improved management, investments in vaccine development, improved veterinary care, and proper application of medications to avoid antibiotic-resistance.
WATER SCARCITYThe lack of available water resources to meet the demands within a region. For example: Reducing water usage, improving irrigation and agricultural practices, recycling wastewater, water pricing, desalination, protecting water rights, water harvesting, and improving conservation technologies
DIETARY DISEASESDisease caused by unhealthy diets and a lack of exercise. For example: Addressing obesity, heart disease, diabetes, anemia, and other dietary diseases through nutrition education, access to nutritious foods, and healthy behavior (dietary diversification, food selection, portion-size control, exercise, etc.)
WATER AND SANITATIONClean drinking water and adequate sewage disposal to improve human hygiene and health. For example: Increasing and improving sanitation, hygiene education, access to safe drinkable water, and adequate toilets or pit latrines, to reduce the transmission of food and waterborne illness.
INFECTIOUS DISEASESInfections and illnesses that can be spread from one person to another, or between animals and humans. For example: Treated bed nets; antiretrovirals; improved access to healthcare, vaccines, contraception, and sexual and health education to prevent the spread of Malaria, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Guinea Worm, Schistosomiasis, Sleeping Sickness, and other diseases.
RENEWABLE ENERGYEnergy created from naturally occurring sources such as water, wind, solar and biofuels. For example: Clean energy technologies such as biodigesters; geothermal systems; cellulosic ethanol; biofuels from algae, switchgrass and other plants; biodiesel from grease, animal fat or plant oils; wind turbines; solar energy, hydroelectric power, etc.
CLIMATE VOLATILITYResponding to significant changes in the Earth's climate and weather patterns. For example: Technologies, policies and practices that reduce the negative impact of erratic weather conditions, rising temperatures, flooding and drought, saltwater intrusion, shifting plant diseases, rising levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and support ecosystem and household resilience.
SPOILAGE AND WASTEFood that is lost, spoiled or discarded in production post harvest, processing or consumption. For example: Reducing spoilage and improving the quality and shelf life of food products with improved storage, food preservation techniques and processing capacity; technologies and efforts to decrease insect and rodent damage; and changing human behaviour to reduce waste.
MALNUTRITIONDeficiencies, excesses, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy, protein and nutrients. For example: Reducing micronutrient deficiencies (iron, vitamin A, iodine, zinc) and protein-energy malnutrition through improved access to nutritious food, exclusive breastfeeding, biofortification, food fortification, supplementation, school-feeding programs, nutrition education, emergency therapeutic feeding, etc.
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTUREBest practices to grow food and fiber for long term environmental, economic and social success. For example: Improved agricultural practices (such as cover crops, integrated pest management, agroforestry, crop rotation, and reduced tillage) to combat erosion, desertification, and soil nutrient depletion; reduce pesticide and herbicide use; and minimise environmental degradation.
POLICY AND GOVERNANCEThe implementation of policies, processes and structures that determine how power is distributed and shared. For example: Policies and programmes to reduce corruption and improve accountability, transparency, responsiveness, rule of law, stability, equity and inclusiveness, empowerment, and broad-based participation.
HUMAN RIGHTSRights that all people are equally entitled to regardless of their nationality, sex, race, ethnicity, religion, language, etc. For example: Ending gender, cultural and economic discrimination; preventing human trafficking; and providing essential rights and freedoms to protect human dignity.
Published: 12 July 2021 - Page editor: firstname.lastname@example.org