The reporting of the LULUCF sector under the Climate Convention is divided into six land use categories (Forest land, Cropland, Grassland, Wetland, Settlement and Other Land) where land use change categories are handled separately resulting in a total of 36 land use categories.
For all managed land (Forest land, Cropland, Grassland and Settlement), changes in carbon pools are reported for living biomass above and below ground, dead wood, litter and soil carbon.
In addition, emissions from certain activities (forest fertilisation), greenhouse gas emissions from drained areas, emissions from peat production, emissions of nitrous oxide from mineralization, forest fires and carbon stock changes in harvested wood products are reported.
Reporting and accounting under the Kyoto Protocol
For reporting and accounting under the Kyoto Protocol, activities rather than land use categories are reported. But also for these, carbon stock changes and other emissions are reported in a similar way as presented above. During the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2013-2020), Sweden accounts for emissions and removals from Afforestation/Reforestation, Deforestation and Forest management. Within the EU's internal burden sharing, emissions and removals from the LULUCF-sector are not included.
During the second commitment period, all emissions and removals for deforested or afforested land from 1990 until the end of the commitment period are included in the accounting. For forest management, emissions end removals is recorded relative to a specially defined reference level. For Sweden, the reference level is a forecast of the net removals. If the reported net removal is higher than the reference level, credits corresponding to the difference between reported net removals and the reference level (up to a maximum of 2.5 Mt CO2) are obtained but if the net removals are lower, an emission corresponding to the difference between reported net removals and reference level is accounted.
Basis for reporting the LULUCF sector
The main sources of information for the reporting of the LULUCF sector are the National forest inventory (NFI) and the Soil inventory (SFSI), both carried out by SLU. From the NFI and the SFSI, statistics on areas for reported categories and activities are collected, as well as carbon stocks for several of the reported carbon pools. Data for the calculations in the LULUCF sector are also obtained from Statistics Sweden, the Swedish Forest Agency, the Swedish Board of Agriculture, the Geological Surveys of Sweden, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency and the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
Emissions and absorption from the LULUCF sector 1990-2015
The slideshow on this page shows the development of emissions and removals from the LULUCF sector. The largest uptake takes place in living biomass and soil carbon. Over time, the total net removal in the sector has increased, mainly due to increased uptake in Living biomass on forest land.