The main activities in this theme is all about analyzing the pros and cons in urban and peri-urban farming as well as suggesting policies or interventions to balance the up- and down sides related to these farming practices.
Today more than half of the planet’s inhabitants live in cities. The world-wide migration of rural people to cities is particular prominent in Africa and Asia. Besides the demographic aspects, these dynamics do also change the conditions for agriculture and food production. There are new opportunities and challenges to which science can contribute.
People in cities or towns in low-income countries, do demand and eat a more varied diet than rural dwellers. This more varied diet comprise more legumes, fruits, meat milk, egg and fish compared with the rural staple food based diet. The demand for these different components of an urban diet opens for urban and peri-urban farming. This kind of farming is often small-scale yet contributing to a significant share of the food in many cities in low-income countries. Also, the rural dwellers moving to cities often bring agricultural practices with them for food security reasons. Practices like keeping pigs, poultry and dairy cows or cultivating fruits and vegetables in and around cities do thus contribute both to SDG 1 (End Poverty) and SDG2 (End Hunger). Often there are no policies about or infrastructure for urban and peri-urban farming and sometimes it is illegal but still there.
Unfortunately, there are also downsides related to urban and peri-urban farming. For instance, threats to the public health from zoonotic diseases in livestock, sanitary issues from cultivation and livestock-keeping and local environmental degradation from pollution and deforestation.
Analyzing the pros and cons in this farming-practice as well as suggesting policies or interventions to balancing the up- and down sides are main activities within this theme.
Theme leader: Ulf Magnusson email@example.com