Forest and Agrarian Transition, Smallholder Practices and the New Forms of Land Governance

Last changed: 03 April 2023

A project with the intention of building research collaboration among Brazil, Nepal and Peru.

Questions of governance and access to resources have become even more important with new and emerging forms of land control in the global South. These have implications for smallholder livelihoods and forest futures. The analytical approaches used to deal with the processes of deforestation and agricultural changes, i.e. forest and agrarian transition models, are ill equipped to explain the complex interaction of forest conservation initiatives and local smallholding practices. There is a need to better understand the way new forms of land governance, such as REDD+, unfold locally and what effects they have on smallholders’ lifeworlds.

This project intended to strengthen the ongoing collaboration and also draw in Peruvian colleagues to deepen the comparative analysis.

An interdisciplinary team of researchers from SLU (Sweden), Nepal, and Brazil worked on these issues through country specific cases and cross-country comparisons.

The collaboration among the researchers provided a solid ground for contextually informed relational analysis, producing high quality scientific outputs and cutting edge questions for future research.

The project activities included analytical workshops, joint field work, stakeholder workshops and seminars in three countries, and provided more space for networking and collaboration. We also developed further research applications and lay groundwork for writing a book.


Project leader

Adam Pain, Researcher, Division of Rural Development, SLU

Project participants

Örjan Bartholdson, Researcher, Division of Rural Development, SLU
Read more on Örjan Bartholdson's CV page
Send an e-mail to: 

Kristina Marquardt, Researcher, Division of Rural Development, SLU
Read more on Kristina Marquardt's CV page
Send an e-mail to: 

Roberto Porro, Researcher, The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA), Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Food Supply, Brazilia, Brazilien

Project time


External funding

Swedish Research Council

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