Project leader: PhD Stina Powell. Division of Environmental Communication.
Selection of previous projects
Looking for farmers. Young farmer’s future strategies in a transforming sector (SLF-2010)
The number of Swedish farmers is rapidly declining and many farms do not have a successor. The farmer is both an entrepreneur and the manager of a social, cultural and economic heritage. This project aims at investigating how young farmers and students in upper secondary school view the role as a farmer, now and in the future. Gender, access to a farmstead and land, size of the farm and location are some important factors. Questions regarding entrepreneurship, sustainability of the business and development possibilities are central.
Other researchers working in the project were: Susanne Stenbacka and Sofie Joosse, Department of Social and Economic Geography Uppsala university.
Generational change and property transfer in farming 1870-2000 (VR 2004-2742)
This project studies forms of and strategies for generational succession and transfer of resources in farming in Sweden, Estonia and Hungary from culture-analytic, economic, spatial and gender perspectives, using a longitudinal method and both documentary sources and interviews. Transfer of material resources, foremost land, is examined, as well as transfer of immaterial resources like skills, peasant and entrepreneurial habitus, gender relations and relations between generations. Focus in firstly on the decades around the turn of the 19th century when family farms were established in manor dominated Estonia and Hungary and the tendency for lessened importance for intra-family resource transfer seem to have been halted in Sweden. Secondly focus is on the post-war rationalisation era, when massive structural change in the west and outright collectivisation in the east affected conditions for resource transfers. Finally present problems of how agricultural policy affects possibilities and strategies for generational change and resource transfers is addressed, along with the question of the importance of family heritage and continuity for the re-establishment of private farms in post socialist countries.
My part of the project concerns Estonia and has shown that the ideal is that the farm, in the first instance, should be transferred to a son. It is also important that the successor should be decided on at an early stage. Quite surprisingly, these ideals persisted during the soviet period and still persist today even though family farming is diminishing and many farmhouses are used as second homes. This is explained by the strong emotional attachment to land that exists in Estonia because of historical reasons. The farm becomes a symbol of family tradition and history.Other researchers in the project were: Mats Morell, Department of Economic History, Stockholm University, Ildikó Asztalos Morell, Department of Sociology, Uppsala University,Iréne Flygare, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
Forest and land as resources in Estonia (FORMAS 2004-1579)
This project consists of two studies with a common core. The main question deals with changes in landownership and land use in relation the disintegration of the soviet-system and the rapid transformation to market economy. The actual land use, important processes to explain changes in land use and owner ship, and individual land owner’s motives for land use changes are central issues in the project. The aim is to study rural properties in Estonia in a longitudinal perspective with reference to ownership, land use, and the owners economic, social and emotional relation to the property. The point of departure in this study is the property. The first study that I have worked with deals with land use and ownership in the coastal region in the NW of Estonia. The area is, like most coastal regions in the Nordic countries, under exploitation pressure from the demand of land for second homes and tourism investments. I have compared absentee owners from Sweden and Estonia with owners living in the same municipality. Owners that received their property through restitution are more emotionally attached to it and therefore have a reluctance to sell the property even if they have no intentions to use it at present. Many owners hope that the next generation will be interested in the property.
Other researchers in the project were: Göran Hoppe, Department of Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, Olof Stjernström, , Department of Social and Economic Geography, Umeå University, Hans Jörgensen, Department of Economic History, Umeå University
My dissertation focuses on the Swedish minority in Estonia 1816-1939. It illustrates the importance of linking the survival of an ethnic group with the issue of land ownership. The ethnic composition and settlement patterns of Swedes and Estonians are analysed from a long-term perspective. Particular attention is paid to the impact of the process of land purchase, which took place primarily at the end of the 19th century, and the land reform of 1919. The study is based on both archival sources and interview material. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods is used to highlight ethnic changes from different angels. This has allowed for ethnic status, as recorded in various written documents, to be related to the population’s own views on ethnic identity.
Magdalena Cedering, PhD. (2016) Konsekvenser av skolnedläggningar. en studie av barnfamiljers vardagsliv i samband med skolnedläggningar i Ydre kommun. Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet (biträdande)
Kajsa Kramming, PhD. (2016) Environmental collapse or sustainable futures? Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, (principal)
Sebastian Djup, PhD (ongoing) Sustainable development in geography education. Relations to the politics and the political. Social and Economic Geography, Uppsala University, (assistant)
Publikationer i urval
Peer-reviewed original articles
Grubbström Ann & Eriksson Camilla (2018) Retired farmers and new land users – how relations to land and people influence farmers' land transfer decisions. Sociologia Ruralis. Doi: 10.1111/soru.12209
Stenbacka Susanne, Grubbström Ann & Forsberg Gunnel (2017) Gendered youth strategies for inclusion in a changing society: breaking or reproducing the local gender contract? Area, Doi: 10.1111/area.12392
Joosse Sofie & Grubbström Ann (2017) Continuity in farming – Not just family business. Journal of Rural Studies.Vol. 50, 198-208.
Molin Lena, Grubbström Ann, Bladh Gabriel, Ojanne Kaj, Gottfridsson Hans Olof, Karlsson Svante, Westermark Åsa (2015) Do personal experiences have an impact on teaching and didactic choices in Geography. European Journal of Geography. Vol. 6, No 4, 6-20.
Grubbström Ann, Stenbacka Susanne & Joosse Sofie (2014) Balancing family traditions and business. Gendered strategies for achieving future resilience among agricultural students, Journal of Rural Studies. Vol. 35, 152-161.
Molin Lena & Grubbström Ann (2013). Are teachers and students ready for the new middle school geography syllabus in Sweden? Traditions in geography teaching, current teacher practices and student achievements. Norsk Geografisk Tidskrift –Norwegian Journal of Geography, 67:3, 142-147.
Grubbström Ann (2012) Gender contracts in Estonian coastal farming families, 1870-1939. The History of the Family. Vol. 17, No. 4, 434-451.
Grubbström Ann & Sooväli-Sepping Helen (2012) Estonian family farms in transition: a study of intangible assets and gender issues in generational succession. Journal of Historical Geography. Vol. 38, No. 3, 329-339.
Grubbström Ann (2011) Emotional bonds as obstacles to land sale. Attitudes to land among local and absentee landowners in Northwest Estonia. Landscape and Urban Planning. Vol. 99, No. 1, 31-39.
Jörgensen Hans, Grubbström, Ann & Stjernström Olle (2010) Private Landowners’ Relation to Land and Forest in Two Estonian Counties. Journal of Northern studies, No. 2, 31-52.
Grubbström, Ann (2003) Sillar och mullvadar. Jordägande och etnicitet i Estlands svenskbygder 1816-1939. Geografiska regionstudier nr 55. Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet (Akademisk avhandling).
Grubbström Ann (2018) Recension Av Pontus Hennerdals avhandling: Education through Maps. The Challenges of Knowing and Understanding the World. Nordidactica. Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, 45-48.
Grubbström Ann (2018). Recension av Anna Malmbjers bok: Studenters skrivande i humaniora och samhällsvetenskap. Högre utbilding, v. 8, n. 1, 30-32.